Using Blackboard to Increase Learner Success : Using Blackboard to Increase Learner Success Presented by
Chuck Lombardo Workshop Description : Workshop Description Based on principles of mastery learning, this approach uses the features of Blackboard to enhance mastery of subject matter. Using Blackboard’s features makes this easy for faculty. In this presentation, we’ll discuss adaptive release, multiple attempts for assessment, and assignments and other features. We will explore these and other features of the Blackboard learning system and discuss ways for faculty to use these tools to improve student learning and subject matter proficiency What is Mastery Learning? : What is Mastery Learning? An instructional method that presumes that all can learn if they are provided with the appropriate learning conditions.
A method where by students are not advanced to a subsequent learning objective until they demonstrate proficiency with the current learning objective Mastery Learning : Mastery Learning Typically consists of discrete topics which all students begin together
Student who do not master, are given additional instruction
Students who do master are given enrichment activities until others catch up so class moves together. Mastery Learning : Mastery Learning Instructor provides:
Group based instruction
Frequent and specific feedback
Over 2000 articles published on Learning for Mastery (Martinez, 1999) Mastery Learning : Mastery Learning Can involve:
Direct teacher instruction
Cooperation with classmates
Independent learning Mastery Learning : Mastery Learning Focus on the process not the content
Based on Benjamin Bloom's Learning for Mastery Model
Refinement s by Block
Can be used as teacher-paced, one-to-one tutoring, or self-paced learning Mastery Learning : Mastery Learning Requires
Well-defined learning objectives organized into smaller, sequentially organized units Mastery Learning : Mastery Learning Assumes that there is no normal curve for grades
Assumes that 90%+ could master what they are taught
Based on Caroll's Model of Learning Caroll's Model of Learning : Caroll's Model of Learning School Learning = f(time spent/time needed).
Carroll explains that time spent is the result of opportunity and perseverance.
Opportunity in Carroll's model is determined by the classroom teacher; the specific measure is called allotted or allocated time (i.e., time allocated for learning by classroom teachers.)
Perseverance is the student's involvement with academic content during that allocated time.
Carroll proposed that perseverance be measured as the percentage of the allocated time that students are actually involved in the learning process and was labeled engagement rate.
Allocated time multiplied by engagement rate produced the variable Carroll proposed as a measure of time spent, which came to be called engaged time or time-on-task. Carroll's Model (1963) : Carroll's Model (1963) Carroll proposed that the time needed by students to learn academic content is contingent upon
aptitude (the most often used measure is IQ)
ability to understand the instruction presented (the extent to which they possessed prerequisite knowledge),
the quality of instruction students receive.
Carroll proposed specific teacher & student behaviors/characteristics where the variables needed to predict school learning; - he did not include influences of family, community, society. Mastery Learning - Basic Principles : Mastery Learning - Basic Principles Almost all students can earn A's if
1) students are given enough time to learn normal information taught in school, and
2) students are provided quality instruction.
By quality instruction Bloom meant that teachers should:
(1) organize subject matter into manageable learning units,
(2) develop specific learning objectives for each unit,
(3) develop appropriate formative and summative assessment measures, and
(4) plan and implement group teaching strategies, with sufficient time allocations, practice opportunities, and corrective reinstruction for all students to reach the desired level of mastery. What are the Advantages of Mastery Learning? : What are the Advantages of Mastery Learning? Greatly perform the performance of low aptitude students
Increase student retention
Student’s will not have to put in much more time to achieve mastery
Studies confirm Mastery Learning increased student performance as measured by exam scores and Student Aptitude (Slavin, 1987; Kulik, Kulik & Bangert-Drowns, 1990) Obstacles to Mastery : Obstacles to Mastery These are four obstacles that have kept Mastery Learning from becoming a standard method of instruction. They include:
1) creating multiple versions of each test,
2) grading multiple versions of tests for students at varying stages of the course,
3) scheduling time for students to take several versions of tests, if needed, to attain a certain level of mastery, and
4) teaching students who are at different learning objectives. Applications of Mastery Learning : Applications of Mastery Learning Psychology Courses (FCCJ SIRIUS Course)
Remediation in Mathematics (Allegany College of Maryland – SIRIUS - FCCJ)
Others include: Agriculture, Education, Computer Science, Economics, Foreign Languages, Health Sciences, Language Arts, Microbiology, Physics, Vocational Education/Training (Hymel and Dyck, 1993) How can we use Blackboard to promote Mastery Learning? : How can we use Blackboard to promote Mastery Learning? Assessments
Adaptive Release of Content
Collaborative Discussion Boards
Other features Assessments – Attempts (6.3) : Assessments – Attempts (6.3) Assessment – Attempts (7.1) : Assessment – Attempts (7.1) Assessments – Attempts Campus Edition : Assessments – Attempts Campus Edition Assessments – Random Blocks (7.1) : Assessments – Random Blocks (7.1) Assessments – Random Blocks : Assessments – Random Blocks Assessments – Random BlocksCampus Edition : Assessments – Random BlocksCampus Edition Adaptive Release - Settings : Adaptive Release - Settings Adaptive Release - Settings : Adaptive Release - Settings Adaptive Release - Mastery : Adaptive Release - Mastery Adaptive Release - Remediation : Adaptive Release - Remediation Adaptive Release - SettingsCampus Edition : Adaptive Release - SettingsCampus Edition Adaptive Release - SettingCampus Edition : Adaptive Release - SettingCampus Edition Adaptive Release – MasteryCampus Edition : Adaptive Release – MasteryCampus Edition Adaptive Release - RemediationCampus Edition : Adaptive Release - RemediationCampus Edition Assignments – Grading : Assignments – Grading Assignments – Student View : Assignments – Student View Assignments - Option : Assignments - Option You can also set up an assignment as an assessment (Essay Questions) with multiple attempts and place these in a content area called Assignments Assignments – MasteryCampus Edition : Assignments – MasteryCampus Edition Discussion Boards : Discussion Boards Discussions Campus Edition : Discussions Campus Edition Course Cartridges : Course Cartridges e-Pack Campus Edition : e-Pack Campus Edition Discussion : Discussion Other Blackboard features you can use for mastery?
Other options for mastery?
Questions? Contact Information : Contact Information Bill Ganza
Director of Professional Development
Director of Creative Learning Services