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Premium member Presentation Transcript The Baroque Period : The Baroque Period Highlights of Art and Architecture Introduction : Introduction Baroque Art and Architecture dominated the art and architecture of Europe and certain European colonies in the Americas throughout the 1600s, and in some places until the 1800s where is was more widely known as Rocco . Baroque art appeared in virtually every country in Europe with other important centers in the Spanish and Portuguese settlements in the Americas and in other outposts. The term baroque also defines periods in literature and music. Off To Germany! : Off To Germany! The Residenz in Würzburg : The Residenz in Würzburg The baroque style of architecture flourished in Germany in the 18th century. One of the most outstanding German baroque architects was Balthasar Neumann, who favored circular and oval forms and used undulating lines to lend dynamism to his buildings. The Residenz in Würzburg, designed by Neumann, is considered to be one of the finest examples of the German baroque style. The richly decorated Kaisersaal, or Emperor’s Hall, of the Residenz, shown here, is an oval reception room with a domed ceiling and frescoes painted by Italian master Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. We arrive in Italy! : We arrive in Italy! Santa Maria Salute : Santa Maria Salute The major work of Italian baroque architect Baldassare Longhena, the church of Santa Maria della Salute (1631-1687), is situated at the entrance to the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy. Enormous snail-shaped volutes ring the drum of the dome, and each volute is topped by the statue of a religious figure. The San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane : The San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane The church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane in Rome, Italy, built from 1638 to 1641, was designed by Italian architect and sculptor Francesco Borromini in the baroque architectural style. The church’s facade, begun in 1665 and finished in 1667, just after Borromini’s death, features a statue of Saint Charles Borromeo over the main portal, surrounded by a canopy of winged figures. Designed as a pinched oval, the church’s overall shape exhibits a strong tension that helps create the drama and motion characteristic of baroque architecture. The Entrance of Saint Ignatius into Paradise : The Entrance of Saint Ignatius into Paradise Italian artist Andrea dal Pozzo painted The Entrance of Saint Ignatius into Paradise (1691-1694) on the ceiling of the church dedicated to the saint in Rome, Italy. It is a masterpiece of illusionistic ceiling painting of the baroque period. Pozzo continued, in painted form, the architecture of the church, creating the illusion that the ceiling opens onto heaven as the figure of the saint ascends. The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa : The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa Ecstasy of Saint Teresa (1645-1652) by the 17th-century Italian sculptor Gianlorenzo Bernini was commissioned for the Cornaro Chapel of Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome. The piece, made of marble, embodies the spirit of baroque sculpture with its dramatic tension, intricacy, and sense of movement. The light rays and arrow are made of bronze. The Trevi Fountain : The Trevi Fountain Gianlorenzo Bernini designed the Trevi Fountain (1629-1762). This is the largest, most ambitious, and most famous of the great Baroque fountains of Rome. water. Pope Urban VIII asked Bernini to design the fountain in 1629. Work on it was interrupted by the pope's death, but it was completed in 1762. It is called the Trevi because its position at the intersection of three streets —It is a frequently cited legend that if you throw a coin over your shoulder into the fountain, your return to Rome is guaranteed. Welcome to France! : Welcome to France! Palace of Versailles : Palace of Versailles King Louis XIV of France charged French architects Louis Le Vau, André Le Nôtre, and Charles Lebrun with the expansion of the Palace of Versailles. Construction began in the 1660s and continued through the end of the century. The elaborate gardens and sumptuous interiors of Versailles became the most imitated examples of baroque palace architecture in Europe. French architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart designed the Hall of Mirrors, which was added to the palace in 1684. Last stop Spain! : Last stop Spain! Altar Screen, Church of San Esteban : Altar Screen, Church of San Esteban One of the best-known works by Spanish sculptor José Benito Churriguera is the Retablo (Altar Screen, 1693-1700) of the Church of San Esteban in Salamanca, Spain. This richly carved and gilded structure fills the east wall of the church. Its most distinctive features are its spiraling twisted columns, which became the hallmark of the Churrigueresque style. That ends the Tour! : That ends the Tour! MLA http://www.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761572212/baroque_art_and_architecture.html http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/b/baroque.html http://www.witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHbaroque.html http://www.artstor.wordpress.com/category/renaissance-baroque-art-architecture-in-europe You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.