FIRE SAFETY TRAINING By Bablu Deo

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FIRE SAFETY TRAINING:

FIRE SAFETY TRAINING TRAINING CONTENTS THE FIRE TRAINGLE MAJOR CAUSES OF FIRES FIRE PREVENTION PLANNING. FIRE HAZARDS. TIPS FOR FIRE SAFETY USE OF FIRE EXTINGISHERS.

THE FIRE TRAINGLE:

THE FIRE TRAINGLE Fire Safety, at its most basic, is based upon the principle of keeping fuel sources and ignition sources separate.

MAJOR CAUSES OF FIRES:

MAJOR CAUSES OF FIRES Carelessness with smoking and matches Misuse of electricity (overloading a circuit or overuse of extension cords) Improper rubbish disposal Improper storage of flammables

FIRE PREVENTION PLANNING.:

FIRE PREVENTION PLANNING. DO not use open electrical wire, Always use with resources. Proper control of hazardous materials ( Including flammable and combustible Chemicals & Gases ). Control potential ignition sources. Regular inspection and maintenance of fire protection equipment. Responsible employees for fuel sources.

PREVENTION FROM FIRE HAZARDS:

PREVENTION FROM FIRE HAZARDS Keep combustibles away from heat producing devices. Prevent sparks in flammable Gas & chemicals storage areas or where oxygen is used. Cap and store combustible liquids properly. Keep Production and storage areas clean and free of trash, sawdust, oily rags, etc. Be sure that EXIT signs are always lighted and that emergency lighting is in working order.

SIMPLEX FIRE DETECTION SYSTEMS:

SIMPLEX FIRE DETECTION SYSTEMS Detect the heat & flame/smoke in its respective range, signal send to alarm hooter(Ground & 1 st Floor) through BMS control system. When detect any where smoke/flame then indicator LED glowing. smoke/flame detector simplex indicator

SIMPLEX FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS:

SIMPLEX FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS Pull down the small metal handle & break the glass. One switch pull Down inside the glass.

IDENTIFY THE FIRE HAZARDS:

IDENTIFY THE FIRE HAZARDS Scraps materials : Scrap, waste materials, dust, trash these items are not allowed, the risk of fire is increased. Ordinary combustible materials: like paper, cardboard, wood, and others, made from these materials can present a fire hazard when they are allowed to accumulate or are stored improperly. Flammable materials: The unsafe use, storage, dispensing, disposal of flammable materials can be a prime source of fires and explosions. Electrical issues: Extension cords and multiple plug adapters may only be used for temporary operations. Overloaded circuits, damaged wiring, and defective switches and outlets can all lead to electrical fires. Hot work: Any operation involving heated materials or open flames can present a fire hazard. Machines and equipment: Electrical problems and equipment defects can lead to a fire. Smoking : Smoking prohibited. Housekeeping: The accumulation of combustible materials, Properly dispose of items no longer in use. Maintain good housekeeping.

TIPS FOR FIRE SAFETY:

TIPS FOR FIRE SAFETY Install Smoke/Fire Detectors and fire alarm systems: Inspection and maintenance in every month, replace batteries once a year, Keep an Eye on Smokers. Plan Your EscapeFrom Fire: IF A FIRE BREAKS OUT in your plant, you have to get out fast. To prepare & fight for fires. Cook Carefully: NEVER LEAVE COOKING unattended. Keep cooking areas clear of combustibles and always careful for LPG gas stove & cylinders. Give Space Heaters Space: KEEP PORTABLE AND SPACE heaters at least three feet (one meter) away from anything that can burn. Matches, Lighters and sparks: do not use this type of materials in flammable gas & chemicals area.

TIPS FOR FIRE SAFETY:

TIPS FOR FIRE SAFETY Cool a Burn: RUN COOL WATER over a burn for 10 to 15 minutes. If the burned skin blisters or is charred, see a doctor immediately. Use Electricity Safely: IF AN ELECTRIC APPLIANCE smokes or has an unusual smell, unplug it immediately, then have it serviced before using it again Replace any electrical cord that is cracked or frayed. Don’t overload extension cords or run them under rugs. Don’t tamper with your fuse box or use improper-sized fuses. Stop, Drop, and Roll: IF YOUR CLOTHES CATCH FIRE, don’t run. STOP where you are, DROP to the ground, cover your face with your hands, and ROLL over and over to smother the flames.

TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS (FUEL CLASSIFICATIONS):

TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ( FUEL CLASSIFICATIONS) Class A : Ordinary combustible fires : Wood, paper, cloth, trash, plastics- solids that are not metals. Class B : flammable liquids and gas fires : gasoline, oil, grease,acetone.Includes flammable gases . Class C : Electrical Fires : usually Class A or Class B fires involving energized electrical wiring and equipment. Class AFFF : Chemicals Fires : Basically foam type, Use for chemicals Fires.

TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS:

TYPE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS THREE MOST COMMON TYPES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS ARE – Water (APW)= APW’s are designed for Class A fires only: Wood, paper, cloth. Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 )= CO2’s are designed for Class B and C (Flammable Liquids and Electrical Sources) fires only! Dry Chemical Powder (DCP)= An “ABC” extinguisher will have a label like this, indicating it may be used on Class A, B and C fires. A B C

WATER (APW) FIRE EXTINGUISHERS:

WATER (APW) FIRE EXTINGUISHERS APW stands for “Air (CO 2 ) Pressurized Water.” Filled with ordinary tap water and pressurized air (CO 2 ), they are essentially large squirt guns. Using water on an electrical fire increases the risk of electrocution. If you have no choice but to use an APW on an electrical fire, make sure the electrical equipment is un-plugged or de-energized.

CARBON DIOXIDE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS:

CARBON DIOXIDE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS Carbon dioxide is a non-flammable gas that takes away the oxygen element of the fire triangle. Without oxygen, there is no fire. CO2 is very cold as it comes out of the extinguisher, so it cools the fuel as well. A CO2 may be ineffective in extinguishing a Class A fire because it may not be able to displace enough oxygen to successfully put the fire out.

DRY CHEMICAL POWDER FIRE EXTINGUISHERS:

DRY CHEMICAL POWDER FIRE EXTINGUISHERS Dry chemical extinguishers put out fire by coating the fuel with a thin layer of dust. This separates the fuel from the oxygen in the air. The powder also works to interrupt the chemical reaction of fire. These extinguishers are very effective at putting out fire. “ABC” fire extinguishers are filled with a fine yellow powder. The greatest portion of this powder is composed of monoammonium phosphate. The extinguishers are pressurized with nitrogen.

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER:

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER It’s easy to remember how to use a fire extinguisher if you remember the acronym PASS : P = P ull A = A im S = S queeze S = S weep

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER:

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER P ull the pin… This will allow you to discharge the extinguisher

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER:

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER Hit the fuel. If you aim at the flames... … the extinguishing agent will fly right through and do no good. A im at the base of the fire…

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER:

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER This depresses a button that releases the pressurized extinguishing agent. S queeze the top handle …

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER:

HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER .. until the fire is completely out. Start using the extinguisher from a safe distance away, then slowly move forward. Once the fire is out, keep an eye on the area in case it re-ignites. S weep from side to side…

FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEMS:

FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEMS All fire hydrants adopters are fitted on landing at both floor on the all stairs and on the external area around. Hose reel available on both floor connected to the hydrant. STEP-1 PRESS IT PULL IT STEP-2 PUT THE HOSE REEL INSIDE STEP-3 OPEN VALVE

FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEMS:

FIRE SPRINKLER SYSTEMS In our plants sprinkler systems installed in KITCHEN, GAS & CHEMICALS area.

RULES FOR FIGHTING FIRES:

RULES FOR FIGHTING FIRES . . . before deciding to fight the fire, keep these things in mind: Know what is burning. If you don’t know what’s burning, you won’t know what kind of extinguisher to use. Even if you have an ABC fire extinguisher, there may be something in the fire that is going to explode or produce toxic fumes. Is the fire spreading rapidly beyond the point where it started? The time to use an extinguisher is at the beginning stages of the fire. If the fire is already spreading quickly, it is best to simply evacuate the building and immediate call to nearly fire station.

IN CASE OF GAS FIRE HAZARDS (Avoid Heat, Sparks and Flames):

IN CASE OF GAS FIRE HAZARDS (Avoid Heat, Sparks and Flames) At First evacuate the area, if possible, Stop the Flow of Gas ( EMERGENCY STOP ) before Extinguishing fire. Use water spray to cool surrounding cylinders/container. Fight fire from protected location or maximum distance, use water spray or fog to control fire Do not extinguish the fire until the supply is shut off as otherwise an explosive reigniton may occur. If the fire is extinguished and the flow of gas continues, use increased ventilation to prevent build-up of explosive atmosphere. Wear fire fighting PPE with NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated

IN CASE OF Chemicals FIRE HAZARDS (Avoid Heat, Sparks and Flames):

IN CASE OF Chemicals FIRE HAZARDS (Avoid Heat, Sparks and Flames) At First evacuate the area opposite wind direction, if possible, Stop the Flow of chemical ( EMERGENCY STOP ). Use Water spray, dry chemical, alcohol foam, or carbon dioxide. Water spray may be used to keep fire exposed containers cool, dilute spills to nonflammable mixtures, protect personnel attempting to stop leak and disperse vapors. In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode.

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THANKS Presented by Bablu Kumar Deo

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