INTEGRATED CURRICULA: MY LIVING THEORY OF A HOLISTIC EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE : I N T E G R A T E D CURRICULA: MY LIVING THEORY OF A HOLISTIC EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE By Eak Prasad Duwadi , PhD 2011 Introduction : Introduction I N T E G R A T E D CURRICULA stand for incorporated programs for children which are different than traditional subject based syllabi I think this brings holistic teaching leaning environment Research Questions : Research Questions Why different subject curricula need to be integrated into one? When does better teaching learning happen successfully? What do students and parents want—marks or life-long skills? How can we make students good human beings? Significance : Significance This research will focus on various views expressed by the key stakeholders—the students, the parents, and schools regarding the factual needs of the integration of different subjects to make learning more effectively Limitation: Limitation I do not claim that it is only the best way to abolish prevalent ills in education system My Conceptual Framework: My Conceptual Framework Sample lesson Plan: Sample lesson Plan Literature Review: Literature Review Primarily, planning curriculum enables teachers to identify gaps, redundancies, and misalignments in the curriculum and instructional program and to foster dialogue among teachers about their work (Jacobs, 2004, p. vi) “The basis for enjoyable lessons as long as teaching and learning activities are chosen to engage the students" (Taber, 2007) While integrating different curricula, there will be transformation of companionship between the staffers There will be also fun and coordination Literature Review (Contd….): Literature Review (Contd….) A project-based and integrated curriculum for life that is a dramatic departure from the factory-model education of the past, aimed at engaging students in addressing real world problems, issues important to humanity, and questions that matter will cord with the 21 st century education It is the departure from textbook-driven, teacher-centered, paper and pencil schooling It means a new way of understanding, a new definition of the educated person or a good citizen Literature Review (Contd….): Literature Review (Contd….) In course of teaching pre-primary, primary, lower-secondary, secondary and undergraduate students at different institutions, I saw some outcomes from students and colleagues as well though I could not implement my plans fully because of various constraints in each institution Methodology : Methodology I will use quantitative method in this research An important part of a convincing proposal is an explicit and effective description of research plan Research Plan: Research Plan Quantitative research has some typical strategies; out of those I will use the empirical Empirical research typically involves studying a sample drawn from some larger population I will, therefore, define the population from which the sample will be drawn and describe the sampling strategy Data Collection: Data Collection I will deal with both data collection instruments and data collection procedures Most quantitative social science data are produced by questionnaires, I will also use questionnaires among these tools Data Analysis : Data Analysis As my research will be quantitative, I will be using hypothetical test technique Technical assistance may be required if statistical methodological expertise is lacking For that MS Word and SPRS software are essential I will practice different steps and phases going through the stages by establishing the categorization, coding, abstraction, comparison, integration, and finally interpretations on writing up the data according to phases and themes Ethical Issues : Ethical Issues The principal issues here are consent, access and participants’ protection, and together they cover the range of different ethical issues which might arise in a piece of social research Resources Required : Resources Required Recording device, computer, printer and cartridges, etc. REFERENCES : REFERENCES Adeyemi , D. A. (2010). Justification of a multidisciplinary approach to teaching language in Botswana junior Secondary Schools. The Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2 (1), 8-20. Bell, J. (1993). Doing Your Research Project: A Guide for First-time Researchers in Education and Social Science . (2nd edn ). Buckingham: Open University Press. Brink, PJ. and Wood, M.J. (1994). Basic Steps in Planning Nursing Research: From Question to Proposal (4th edn ). Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Cresswell , J. W. (2002). Research design . New Delhi: Sage Publications. Jacobs, H. H. (Ed.). (2004). Getting results with curriculum mapping. Alexandria: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. John, G. (2008). Children are from heaven . New York: Harper Collins. Kelly, M. (1998). ‘Writing a research proposal. In C. Seale (ed.), Researching Society and Culture (pp. 111-122). London: Sage. Kemp, K. (2010). All you need is love’-or is it? How can I contribute to creating an educational learning environment?. Berlin: Wannsee Conference. Locke, L.F, Spirduso , W.W. and Silverman, S. J. (1993). Proposals that Work (3rd edn ). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Moss, W. L. ( 2004). Children don’t come with an Instruction manual . New York: Teachers College Press. Punch, K.F. (2000). Developing Effective Research Proposals . London: Sage. Taber, K. S. (2007). Classroom-based research and evidence-based practice. Retrieved December 10, 2010, from www.Sage Research Methods Online.mht Taubman , T. M. (2009). Deconstructing the discourse of standards and accountability in education . New York: Routledge . Any Question?: Any Question?