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Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: Quality Management System in Academic FOR Quality ServiceTQM: TQM TQM - A comprehensive and fundamental rule or belief for teaching and operating a school aimed at continually improving performance over the long term by addressing the needs of all customers. Source: ISO TQM is not just a technology and a system, it requires a PROACTIVE ATTITUDE.Benefits of TQM: Benefits of TQM 1 . Employees feel better about themselves and their efforts on the job, and they take greater pride in their work. 2. Administrators often feel less isolated, misunderstood, and burdened. 3. Productivity goes up, as work processes are improved continuously. 4. Provides better service to its primary customers – students, employees and employers. 5. Increased viability and profitabilityWHY TQM FAILS?: WHY TQM FAILS? Failure of top management to be personally involved in their company’s effort toward quality. It is viewed as the flavor of the month or as “project for this school year” Paying inadequate attention to internal and external customers. Inability to change organization culture. Lack of continuous training and education. Improper planning. Insufficient resources.PROACTIVE REACTIVE: PROACTIVE REACTIVE Focus on things you can control (ourselves, attitude) 2. I’ll do it. 3. Continue to be hardworking person. 4. Are not easily offended. 5. Think about solutions and options. 6. Be first to apologize. 1. Worry on things you can’t control (color of skin, parents, weather) 2. I’ll try. 3. Scrutinize your friend and find his weakness. 4. Victimitis virus (blame and complain). 5. Think about problems and barriers. 6. Don’t apologize.TQM in Education Applies at Two Levels: TQM in Education Applies at Two Levels Micro Level Classroom Setting (as a teacher) School Wide Setting (as an administrator) Macro Level Education sectorWHAT IS TOTAL QUALITY?: WHAT IS TOTAL QUALITY? Total Quality is Total in two senses: It covers every process/function (academic affairs, student affairs, marketing, accounting, finance, human resources, etc.) It covers every job (top and middle management, teachers, students, non teaching employees).Slide 8: Compatibility Compatibility that exists between TQM and Marketing Marketing – the ultimate objective is to understand and satisfy the needs and wants of customers. TQM is anchored in the concept of customer satisfaction.WHAT IS MARKETING ROLE?: WHAT IS MARKETING ROLE? Marketing can act as a driving force in achieving the primary objective of total quality: maximizing customer satisfaction at the lowest delivered cost. An Integrated Model of Total Quality and Marketing Orientation- Enrollment-Research-Instruction-Community Extension (ERIC) Total Quality Offering School Viability Market Orientation TQM Framework: TQM Framework Better Tomorrow for Everyone Effective Use of Resources Efficiency Improvement Economic Operation 5S SS QC KM PM ISO ACCREDITATION IQUAME T Q M Ultimate Goal Intermediate Goal Approach/ Strategy Method Beliefs/ FoundationSlide 11: * ISO CERTIFICATION (Documented Quality Systems & Procedures) *ACCREDITATION (Documented Quality Education Process)Slide 12: Management Responsibility Resources Management Measurement, Analysis Improvement Service or Product Realization Organization and Administration Purposes and Objectives Student Personnel Services Purposes and Objectives Faculty Instruction Student Personnel Services Social Orientation and Community Involvement Faculty Laboratory Library Physical Facilities ISO Certification And Accreditation Interface The four (4) major quality elements covered in ISO 9001 certification version 2000 can enhance and complement the nine (9) major areas of accreditation process specifically in the following design:5 S: 5 S English SORT (kind/variety) SYSTEMATIZE (regulate) SWEEP (clear) SANITIZE (clean/wash) SELF-DISCIPLINE IQuAME stands for Institutional Quality Assurance Monitoring and Evaluation (Commission on Higher Education)PRINCIPLES OF TQM: PRINCIPLES OF TQM Customer focus Continual Improvement Leadership Involvement of people Process approach System approach to Management Factual approach to decision-makingCustomer Focus: Customer Focus Organizations depend on their customers and therefore should understand current and future customer needs, should meet customer requirements and strive to exceed customer expectations. QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLESlide 16: Schools have both internal and external customers. Internal customers are the students, teachers, employees, administrators, and school board. External customers are the parents, employers,alumni,suppliers,community and government.Slide 17: In a service organization like an academic library the customer satisfaction means fulfilling expectations. Librarians must find out what readers want and concentrate upon providing it. Designing an appropriate service means asking • Who are the customers? • What do they want?Slide 18: CUSTOMER SERVICE IS NOT EASY. EVERYONE HAS AT SOME TIME BEEN CHALLENGED BY A DIFFICULT CUSTOMER. THE SKILLED FRONTLINER IS CONSTANTLY FACED WITH SITUATIONS THAT REQUIRE THE UTMOST SKILL, DIPLOMACY, AND POSITIVE ATTITUDECUSTOMER BEHAVIOUR: CUSTOMER BEHAVIOUR CUSTOMERS TALK. WHETHER SERVICE IS GOOD OR BAD, THEY TALK. IF YOU PROVIDE EXCEPTIONAL CUSTOMER SERVICE, YOUR CUSTOMERS MAY TELL AS MANY AS TWO OR THREE PERSONS, BUT WHEN SERVICE IS LESS THAN EXPECTED, THOSE SAME CUSTOMERS WILL GIVE THE NEGATIVE EXPERIENCE TO TWENTY TO THIRTY POTENTIAL CUSTOMERS SSSlide 20: RESEARCH SHOWS THAT 90%- 95% OF UNHAPPY COMPLAINING CUSTOMERS WILL BECOME OUR MOST LOYAL CUSTOMERS IF WE HANDLE THEIR PROBLEMS IN A PROMPT, POLITE, AND PROFESSIONAL MANNER.Slide 21: WHEN YOU ACCEPTED YOUR POSITION, YOU AGREED TO PROVIDE AN EXCELLENT SERVICE TO YOUR CUSTOMER IN RETURN FOR A MONTHLY SALARY. STATISTICS INDICATE THAT 90% OF CUSTOMERS ARE TURNED AWAY BY AN ATTITUDE OF FRONTLINE PERSONNELThe Student: The Student The student is the most important visitor of our school He is not dependent on us We are dependent on him He is not an interruption of our work He is the purpose of it He is not an outsider of the organization He is part of it We are not doing him a favor by serving him He is giving us the opportunity to do so. - Mahatma GandhiTHE STUDENT IS THE FOCAL POINT OF THE SCHOOL. WITHOUT THE STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND LIBRARIANS WOULD BE OUT OF WORK.: THE STUDENT IS THE FOCAL POINT OF THE SCHOOL. WITHOUT THE STUDENTS, TEACHERS AND LIBRARIANS WOULD BE OUT OF WORK.Leadership: Leadership Leaders establish unity of purpose and direction of the organization. They should create and maintain the internal environment in which people can become fully involved in achieving the organization’s objectives. QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLESlide 25: Quality is a cultural change that causes an organization to change the way things are done. People are resistant to change, and management must support the change process by providing people with the education, tools system, and processes that promote quality.Involvement of People: Involvement of People People at all levels are the essence of an organization and their full involvement enables their abilities to be used for the organization’s benefit. QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLESlide 27: The quality policy is a formal statement from management, closely linked to the business and marketing plan and to customer needs. The quality policy is understood and followed at all levels and by all employees. Each employee needs measurable objectives to work towards.Slide 28: Everyone must participate in the quality transformation. Quality is not just the school board or Dean’s responsibility. It is everyone’s responsibility. Quality demands that everyone contributes to the quality effort.Formation of Quality Circles Among Staff Quality Circle is a group of employees who meet regularly and discuss situations affecting their section/unit and implement immediate solution.: Formation of Quality Circles Among Staff Quality Circle is a group of employees who meet regularly and discuss situations affecting their section/unit and implement immediate solution.Process Approach: Process Approach A desired result is achieved more efficiently when activities and related resources are managed as a process. QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLESlide 31: Decisions about the quality system are made based on recorded data and the system is regularly audited and evaluated for conformance and effectiveness. You need a documented procedure to control quality documents in your company. Everyone must have access to up-to-date documents and be aware of how to use them.System Approach to Management: System Approach to Management Identifying, understanding and managing interrelated processes as a system contributes to the organization’s effectiveness and efficiency in achieving its objectives. QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLEContinual Improvement: Continual Improvement Continual improvement of the organization’s overall performance should be a permanent objective of the organization. QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLESlide 34: Continuous Improvement or “KAIZEN” means on going improvement that involves everyone in the school, including both managers and employees. In business or in school, everything changes, including customers and suppliers. Deming & Shewhart developed the Plan, Do, Check, Act, or PDCA cycle.Following the PDCA Cycle: Following the PDCA Cycle Plan Act Do Check PDCA CYCLEFactual Approach to Decision Making: Factual Approach to Decision Making Effective decisions are based on the analysis of data and information. Data are critical to decision making in a TQM culture. Quick, easy access to data is important; data retrieval must be efficient QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLESlide 37: You can’t improve what you can’t measure. The objective of Benchmarking is to gain a competitive advantage by identifying, measuring, and emulating best practices both inside and outside the organization. Benchmarking is the continuous process of measuring products, services, and practices against those companies recognized as leaders.Slide 38: Quality is above all an attitude of mind. It seeks to continually improve what already exists (Kaizen). It is based on the belief that one can do things better today than yesterday and better tomorrow than today. - CEISlide 39: THANK YOU ! You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.