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TO TEACH and TO INFORM writer’s reflections on experience IT CAN BE IMAGINARY or FACTUAL (fairy tales, mysteries, fables, romances, adventures stories, myths and legends), or it can be complicated event that leads to a crises that finally find a solution. Generic structure: N A R A T I V E : Generic structure: N A R A T I V E ORIENTATION - introduces participants/character (who) - sets the scene (when & where) COMPLICATION - Development of a Crises: a crisis arises, something happened unexpectedly RESOLUTION - Solution of the crisis: for better or for worse RE-ORIENTATION - closing to the narrative (optional) - coda: changes of characters, lesson taken from the story LANGUAGE FEATURES OF NARRATIVE : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF NARRATIVE Certain nouns are as pronoun of person, animal, certain thing in a story. E.g.. Stepsister, house work. Adjectives that form noun phrases, for example : long black air, two red apples, etc. Time connectives and conjunction to arrange the events, for example: then, before that, soon, etc. Adverb and adverbial phrase to point the place of event, for example: here, in the mountain, happily ever after. LANGUAGE FEATURES OF NARRATIVE : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF NARRATIVE Action verbs are past tense: stayed, climbed, etc. Saying verbs that refer to what the human participants said, told, promised; and thinking verbs indicating thought, perception or feeling of the characters in a story, for example: felt, thought, understood Dialog often included and the tenses change according to the circumstances Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Orientation Once upon the time the live a little girl named snow White. Complication; Development of the crises One day she heard her uncle and aunt talking About leaving Snow White in the castle because They both wanted to go to American and they Didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. Slide 9: Resolution of the crises Snow White did not want her uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away into the woods Complication; Development of the crises Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep Resolution of the crises Mean while, she seven dwarfs were coming home from work They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up She saw the dwarfs said, “What is your name? Snow White said, “My name is Snow White” And, one of the dwarfs, said, “If you wish, You my live here with us. Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the hole story and snow white and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after. R E C O U N T : R E C O U N T R E C O U N T : R E C O U N T IT IS USED TO TELL PAST EXPERIENCE (what we or someone did, what took place) that is aimed at informing and entertaining TYPES: - Personal recount ( retelling of an activity that the speaker/writer has been personally involved) e.g. oral anecdote, diary entry, biography - Factual recount (recording the particulars of an incident e.g. police report, news report) - Imaginative recount (taking on an imaginary role and giving details of events) e.g. a day in the life of ……… generic structure: R E C O U N T : generic structure: R E C O U N T ORIENTATION : provides information about the setting (when & where) and introduces participants/character (who) EVENTS : tell what happened, in temporal sequence (personal comment/expression of evaluation) RE-ORIENTATION (optional) : closure of events (e.g. comments or conclusion) LANGUAGE FEATURES OF RECOUNT : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF RECOUNT Noun and pronoun as substitution of person, animal, involved thing, E.g.: David, the Monkey, We, etc. Specific participants (Mr./Mrs ……, our dog, the thief) Simple past tense Slide 14: Action verbs/material processes (went, slept, ran, caught, arrived, bought, looked at) E.g. He went to the zoo; She was happy. Temporal sequence (on Friday, one day, at the beginning, in the end, first, then, next, before, later, finally, etc) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Orientation On Friday we went to the blue montains. We stayed at David and delta’s house. It has a big garden with lots of colorful flowers and a tennis court. Complication; Development of the crises On Sunday we saw the Three Sisters and went on the scenic railway. It was scary. Then, Mummy and went shopping with Della. We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats. Slide 16: Closing On Sunday we went on the scenic Skyway and it rocked. We saw cockatoos having a shower. In the afternoon we went home. NEWS ITEM : NEWS ITEM Slide 18: NEWS ITEM It is used to report to the readers, listeners or viewers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important. generic structure: NEWS ITEM : generic structure: NEWS ITEM NEWSWORTHY EVENT(S) recounts of the event in summary form BACKGROUND EVENTS elaborate what happened, to whom, in what situation/circumstances SOURCES original comments by participants, witnesses to and authorities expert on the event, etc. Language Features of News Item : Language Features of News Item Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline Use of material processes/action verbs to retell the story or event Use of projecting verbal processes in “Source” stage (e.g. the police said…; the witness thought …) * Using adverb like: badly injured, the most beautiful bride in the world. Focus on circumstances (e.g. last night, just this morning, at that time, etc) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Town Contaminated NEWSWORTHY EVENT Moscow: A Russian journalist has uncovered evidence of another Soviet nuclear catastrophe, which killed 10 sailors and contaminated an entire town Background/elaboration : Background/elaboration Velena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explotion of a nuclear submarine at the nava bas of shkotovo – 22 near Vladivostock. The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chaernobyl disaster, spread radioactive fall – out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Slide 23: Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor class submarine during a refit had been a thermal and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean up operation to remove more than 600 tones of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy. Source of Information : Source of Information A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy. DESCRIPTION : DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION : DESCRIPTION Is used to describe a particular thing/object, place, or person. For example: My cat, My bike, My favorite room in the house, The Wildest Amazon River, My favorite actor. Generic Structure of DESCRIPTION : Generic Structure of DESCRIPTION IDENTIFICATION (Pengenalan subject) : identifies phenomenon to be described DESCRIPTION : describes parts (Ciri-ciri subject, physical appearance), qualities, general attitude, characteristics Slide 28: LANGUAGE FEATURES Use certain noun: teacher, house, my cat. Use of simple present tense Use of attributive and epithets (e.g. adjectives) Detail noun phrase to give information about subject, for example: it was a large open rowboat, a sweet young lady, etc. Slide 29: Vary of adjectives to describe, number, classify for example: two strong legs, sharp white fang, etc. Relating verb to give information about subject such as: my mom is really cool, it has very thick fur, etc. Thinking verb and feeling verbs to express writer’s view about subject, such as: Police believe that suspect is armed, I think it is a clever animal, etc. Slide 30: Action verbs, like: Our new puppy bites our shoes, etc. Adverbial to give additional information about behaviour, for example: fast. Figurative language, for example simile, metaphor; John is white as chalk. Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Subject Macquarie University is one of the largest Universities in Australia. This year, in 2004, it celebrates its 40th anniversary. Description The university is located at the north Ryde Greenbelt, Sydney, where the New South Slide 32: Wales government sets aside 135 hectares for the institution. In 1964, Macquarie area was a surrounding have evolved beyond recognition. The North Ryde District has grown in a district of intensive occupation anchored by a vibrant and growing university. Blessed with a fortune location and room to breath, Macquire can be proud of that careful planning that retains and enrich the university’s most attractive natural features. A pleasing balance between buildings and plating is evident across the campus. Slide 33: This emphasis on the importance of landscape has created images of Macquire as a place that members of the University are most likely to pleasurably recollect. One of the highlights of the ;andscape is the Mars Creek Zone. It emprises landscaped creek sides and valley floor, a grass amphitheatre, and artificial lake … surrounded by rocks and pebbles, native plants and eucalypts. Slide 34: Today, a railway station is under construction. In three years 1 time, Macquirie will be the only university in Australia with a railway station on site. Macquirie is polsed to be the most readily accessible in Sydney region by rail and motorway, yet retaining its beautiful site. R E P O R T : R E P O R T R E P O R T : R E P O R T IS USED TO DOCUMENT, ORGANIZE AND STORE FACTUAL INFORMATION ON A TOPIC IS USED TO CLASSIFY AND DESCRIBE THE PHENOMENA OF OUR WORLD TO TALK ABOUT A WHOLE CLASS OF THINGS, e.g. Bikes, Plants, Animals, Phones Examples: news reports, science reports, weather reports R E P O R T : R E P O R T To inform something as it is It is the product of systematic or analyses observation Something described can be: natural phenomena, environment, made up-things, social phenomena. Descriptive text can be: general conclusion, such as Whale is mammal because it give birth. Slide 38: To make this report students need to observe, compare the whale with aother animals whose characteristics are the same. For example: - A simple house (by describing this house characteristics, it can be called a simple house) - A hospital - school canteen generic structure: R E P O R T : generic structure: R E P O R T GENERAL CLASSIFICATION : tells what the phenomenon under discussion is DESCRIPTION : describes the phenomenon in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors LANGUAGE FEATURES OF REPORT : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF REPORT Generalized participants: a whole class of things (volcanoes, newspapers, the royal family) Action verbs/material processes Simple present tense. It states general thing, like: comodo dragon usually weight more tha 160 kg. Language for defining, classifying, comparing, contrasting (are called, belong to, can be classified as, are similar to, are more powerful than) May contain technical vocabulary e.g. water contains oxygen and hydrogen Is written in a formal and objective style Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure General Classification/ Statement of the reported object: The white pelican is one of the most successful fish eating birds. The success is largely due to its command hunting behavior. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in curved are some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forward towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them. Slide 42: Description When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed. Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds, Foss is of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years. EXPLANATION : EXPLANATION E X P L A N A T I O N : E X P L A N A T I O N To explain the processes involved in the formation or workings of natural or socio cultural phenomena To give reasons why things are they are Examples: texts in science or social studies Generic structure: EXPLANATION : Generic structure: EXPLANATION A GENERAL STATEMENT to position the reader A SEQUENCED EXPLANATION OF WHY OR HOW SOMETHING OCCURS/HAPPENS Language Features of Explanation : Language Features of Explanation Focus on generic, non-human participants (e.g. clouds, rains, the air, moisture, gas, petrol, oil, urbanization, flood, tornado) Use of simple present tense, passive voice is used sometimes to get theme right. Use mainly of Material and Relational Process Slide 47: Use of temporal circumstances and conjunctions (e.g. before, first, then, in the end, finally) Use of causal conjunctions (e.g. if, when, until, so, as, why) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Bread Almost everyone eats bread daily, especially for breakfast. Bread making is not a complicated task. You must have an oven, water, sugar, salt, flour, and yeast. The basic ingredient is flour comes from wheat. There are two kinds of flour, which is the soft, and the hard one; Slide 49: Hard flour, made by winter wheat, is better choice for making bread. Bread using hard flour produces better texture and taste, Luke warm water is added to the flour to make dough. Yeast is a microscopic organism. The size may not be impressive but it is capable of producing carbon dioxide. It is also easy to use. Powered yeast needs only be dissolved in water to be used instantly. Yeast works best in the presence of sugar and warmth. Slide 50: Besides, encouraging yeast to grow quickly in the dough, sugar is added to give flour to the bread. Salt is added for same purpose, to make the bread taste nice. However, it has the reverse effect on yeast, unlike sugar. The next ingredient is oil; com oil, peanut oil or butter. It is essential for making the bread tender. After mixing with all these ingredients, the flour is hand beaten before sent to the oven DISCUSSION : DISCUSSION DISCUSSION : DISCUSSION It is to present (at least) two points of view about an issue Generic structure of Discussion : Generic structure of Discussion Issue - Statement - Preview Arguments for against or statement of differing points of view *Pro-Point - Main Point (gagasan pokok 1) - Elaboration (uraian) - Main Point (gagasan pokok 2) - Elaboration (uraian 2) Slide 54: *Contra-Point - Main Point - Elaboration Conclusion or Recommendation Language Features of Discussion : Language Features of Discussion Focus on generic human and generic non-human Participants General noun stating category such as: uniforms, alcohol, etc. Relating verbs giving information about discussed issue, e.g.: smoking is harmful. Thinking verbs (mental process) expressing writer’s idea, e.g.: feel, believe, hope, etc. Slide 56: Use of Material process, e.g.: has produced, have developed, to feed, etc. Use of Relational Process, e.g.: is, are, cause, etc. Modalities, like: perhaps, must, should, should have been, could be, could have Slide 57: Use of Comparative: Contrastive and Consequential conjunctions to relate argument, e.g.: similarly, on the other hand, however, etc Adverb of Manner: hopefully, deliberately Detailed noun group, like: the dumping of unwanted kittens, etc. Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Homework Issue Statement/Preview I have been wondering if homework is necessary. Argument Supported Point I think we should have homework because it helps us to learn and revise or work Homework helps people who aren’t very smart to remember what they have learned. Homework is really good because it helps with our education. Slide 59: Statement of different point of view/Contradicted idea: But, my times, doing homework is not a great idea. I think we shouldn’t have homework because I like to go out after school to a restaurant or the movies. Sometimes homework is boring and not important. I think homework is bad because I like to play and discuss things with my family. ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION : ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION Analytical Exposition : Analytical Exposition To persuade the reader or listener that there is something that, certainly, needs to get attention To analyze a topic and to persuade the reader that this opinion is correct and supported by arguments Examples: argumentative essay, exploratory essay Generic structure of Analytical Exposition : Generic structure of Analytical Exposition THESIS - Position: introduces topic and indicates writer’s position. - Preview: give outlines of the arguments to be presented. ARGUMENTS - Point: restates main arguments - Elaboration: elaborate or develop and support each point/the argument with evidence, facts, etc. REITERATION restates writer’s position Language Features of Analytical Exposition : Language Features of Analytical Exposition Focus on generic human and non-human participants, e.g.: car, pollution, leaded petrol car Use abstract noun, e.g.: policy, government Use of relational processes, e.g.: It is important Modal verbs, e.g.: we must preserve Modal adverbs, e.g.: certainly we. Slide 64: Connective or Use of internal conjunction to state argument, e.g.: first, secondly, then, finally) Evaluative language, e.g.: important, valuable, trustworthy, etc. Giving reasons through causal conjunction (e.g. so, thus, therefore, hence) Use of present tense Passive sentence Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure CAR SHOULD BE BANNED IN THE CITY Theses Car should be banned in the city. As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a lot of road and other accidents. Argument Firstly, cars, as well as we all k now, contribute to most of the pollution in the world. Slide 66: Car emit a deadly gas that cause illnesses such as bronchitis; lung cancer, and triggers’ off asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that people candled from them. Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander everywhere and cars commonly hit pedestrians in the city, which causes them to die. Cars today are our roads biggest killers. Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at night, or concentrate on your homework, and especially talk to someone. REITERATION : REITERATION In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the reasons listed. HORTATORY EXPOSITION : HORTATORY EXPOSITION Exposition (Hortatory) : Exposition (Hortatory) To persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case The reader or listener is persuaded to agree with the writer’s or speaker’s point of view/thesis Examples: letters to the editor, newspaper editorials, political speeches Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition : Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition THESIS - announcement of issue concern ARGUMENTS - reasons why there is concern leading to recommendation RECOMMENDATION - statement of what ought or ought not to happen Language Features of Hortatory Exposition : Language Features of Hortatory Exposition Focus on generic human and non-human participants (issues, ideas, opinions) Use of mental processes to state what writer thinks or feels (e.g. realize, feel, appreciate, think, believe, recognize, know) Use of material processes/action verbs to state what happens Use of relational processes (e.g. to be, to have) Use of simple present tense and modals Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Country Concern THESIS In all discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and in the country. ARGUMENTS While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads. Slide 73: ARGUMENTS Those who want to penalize elder, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that in the country there in public transport to fall back upon and one’s vehicle is the only was to get about. RECOMMENDATION I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distance to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated to the people who live in the city Slide 74: ANECDOTE Generic structure: ANECDOTE : Generic structure: ANECDOTE ABSTRACT signals the retelling of an unusual incident ORIENTATION sets the scene (when & where) CRISIS provides details of the unusual incident REACTION reaction to crisis CODA (optional) reflection on or evaluation of the incident A N E C D O T E : A N E C D O T E To share with others an account of an unusual or amusing incident Deals with something unexpected or out of the ordinary It is the unexpected events which makes the story worth telling Almost exclusively used for oral genre Language Features of Anecdote : Language Features of Anecdote Use of material processes/action verbs to tell what happened Use of exclamations (e.g. ‘guess what?!’ ; ‘I couldn’t believe it!’) Use of intensifiers (e.g. ‘really?!’; ‘very amazing’) Use of temporal conjunctions (e.g. and, then) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Al Brown was very good at fixing things around the house when they broke. One day he went to another city to do some works there, and his wife was alone in the house. While Mr. Brown was away, one of the faucets on the bathtub broke. Mrs. Brown didn’t know much about fixing broken faucets, so she telephoned a plumber. Slide 79: The plumber came to the house that afternoon and fixed the faucet in a few minutes. When he finished, he gave Mrs. Brown his bill for the work. She looked at it for several seconds and then said, “Your prices are very high, aren’t they? Do you know, the doctor costs less than this when he comes to the house?” “Yes, I know,” answered the plumber. “I know that very well, because I was a doctor until I was lucky enough to find this job a few months ago.” P R O C E D U R E : P R O C E D U R E P R O C E D U R E : P R O C E D U R E IS USED TO INFORM AND TO DIRECT SOMEONE ON HOW TO DO or MAKE SOMETHING, or HOW TO ACHIEVE A GOAL A very important genre in a society because it enables people to get things done Is commonly used in the oral and written mode Examples: recipes, games rules, appliance manuals, directions to reach a destination, instructions to do something generic structure: P R O C E D U R E : generic structure: P R O C E D U R E GOAL :purpose of doing something MATERIALS : things needed to realize goal STEPS : things to do to realize goal LANGUAGE FEATURES OF PROCEDURE : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF PROCEDURE Generalized participants (things/objects) The reader or the person following the instructions is referred to in a general way (ONE/YOU) or is not mentioned (Pour the boiling water into a bowl) Temporal sequence/adverbial of time (first, at the beginning, then, next, finally) Simple present tense (i.e. imperatives) Action verbs/material processes (go, hold, take, spread) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Goal How to make a cheese Omelet Materials - Ingredients 1 egg, 50 gr cheese, ¼ cup milk, 3 tablespoon cooking oil, a pinch of salt and pepper. - Utensils Frying pan, fork, spatula, cheese grater, bowl, plate. Steps 1. Crack an egg into a bowl Slide 85: 2. whisk the egg with a fork until it is smooth 3. add milk and whisk well 4. grate the cheese into the bowl and stir 5. heat the oil in the frying pan 6. pour the mixture into the frying pan 7. turn the omelet with the spatula when it browns 8. cook both sides 9. place on a plate; season with salt and pepper 10. eat while warm. S P O O F : S P O O F S P O O F : S P O O F IT IS USED TO TELL AN ODD OR FUNNY EVENT BASED ON THE REAL LIFE which is aimed at entertaining. It is usually ended by an unexpected event (TWIST). generic structure: S P O O F : generic structure: S P O O F ORIENTATION (Pengenalan) : provides information about the setting (when & where) and introduces participants/character (who) EVENTS (Rekaman Peristiwa, kejadian atau kegiatan yang biasanya disajikan dengan urutan kronoligis)) : tell what happened, in temporal sequence (personal comment/expression of evaluation) TWIST (Unexpected Ending or Funny) LANGUAGE FEATURES OF SPOOF : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF SPOOF Focus on person, animal, certain thing. Use of action verbs, e.g.: run, eat, etc. Using adverbs of time and place Use of Simple Past Tense Told in chronological order Slide 90: Action verbs/material processes (went, slept, ran, caught, arrived, bought, looked at) E.g. He went to the zoo; She was happy. Temporal sequence (on Friday, one day, at the beginning, in the end, first, then, next, before, later, finally, etc) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Penguin in the Park Orientation Once a man was walking in a park when he came across a penguin. Event/Activity 1 He took him to a policeman and said, “I have just found this penguin. What should I do ? The policeman replied, “Take him to the zoo.” Slide 92: Event/Activity 2 The next day the policeman saw the same man in the same park and the man was still carrying the penguin with him. The policeman was rather surprised and walked up to the man and asked, ”Why are you still carrying that penguin about ? Didn’t you take it to the zoo ?” “I certainly did, “ replied the man. Twist “and it was a great idea because he really enjoyed it, so today I’m taking him to the movies !” Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Penguin in the Park ORIENTATION Once a man was walking in a park when he came across a penguin. EVENT He took him to a policeman and said, “I have just found this penguin. What should I do ? The policeman replied, “Take him to the zoo.” EVENT The next day the policeman saw the same man in the same park and the man was still carrying the penguin with him. The policeman was rather surprised and walked up to the man and asked, ”Why are you still carrying that penguin about ? Didn’t you take it to the zoo ?” “I certainly did, “ replied the man. TWIST “and it was a great idea because he really enjoyed it, so today I’m taking him to the movies !” R E V I E W : R E V I E W R E V I E W : R E V I E W To critique an art work, event for a public audience. Examples: work of arts include: movies, TV shows, books, plays, operas, recordings, exhibitions, concerts and ballets generic structure: R E V I E W : generic structure: R E V I E W Orientation Place the work in its general and particular context, often by comparing it with others of its kind or through analogue with a non-art object or event. Interpretive Recount Summarizes the plot and/or provides an account of how the reviewed rendition of the work came into being; is optional, but if present, often recursive. Slide 97: Evaluation (It can be more than one evaluation) provides an evaluation of the work and/or its performance or production; is usually recursive Evaluative summation (Summary) provides a kind of punch line which sums up the reviewer’s opinion of the art event as a whole; is optional. LANGUAGE FEATURES OF REVIEW : LANGUAGE FEATURES OF REVIEW Focus on Particular Participants (Participant tertentu) Direct expression of options through use of Attitudinal Epithets in nominal groups; qualitative Attributes and Affective Mental Processes Use Adjectives showing attitude, e.g.: good, bad, etc. Use of long and complex clauses Use of metaphorical language (e.g., the wit was there, dexterously pingponged to and fro …) Example and Generic Structure : Example and Generic Structure Harry Potter Order the Phoenix Orientation I absolutely love the Harry Potter series, and all of the books will always hold a special place in my heart. Evaluation 1 I have to say that of all of the books, however, this was not my favorite Slide 100: Evaluation 2 When the series began it was as much of a “feel good” experience as a huge mug of hot cocoa. The stories were bright, fast-faced, intriguing, and ultimately satisfying. Interpretative Recount (tafsiran) Order of the Phoenix is different kind of book. In some instances this works … you feel a whole new; level of intensity and excitement by the time you get to the end. I was truly move by the last page. Other time the book just has a slightly dreary, depressing feel. Slide 101: The galloping pace of the other books has slowed to a trot here, and parts of it do seem long, as if were reading all about Harry “just hanging out” instead of having his usual adventures. Reading in detail about Harry cleaning up an old house, for example-house keeping is still housekeeping, magical or no, and I’m not very interested in doing it or reading about other people doing it. Slide 102: Summary A few other changes in this book-the “real” world comes much more in to play rather than fantasy universe of the previous books, and Harry is apparently been taken off his meds. I know that he has a lot of to be grumpy in this book, especially with being a teenager and all, but the sudden change in his character seemed too drastic. He goes from being a warm-hearted, considerate person to someone who will bite his best friend’s heads off over nothing. It just seemed like it didn’t fit with his character, like he turned into a walking cliché of the “angry teen” overnight. Slide 103: The “real” story seemed to happen in the last 1/3 of the book, and this part I loved. I actually liked the ending (and yes, I cried) as sad as it was. I packed a punch and it made me care about the story even more. Still a really good book, with some editing it would have been great. Slide 104: Thank You very much ..... You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.