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NEERJA MODI SCHOOL COMMON INJURIES IN CRICKET (Project for Physical Education) By- KSHITIJ SINGH Class- XII B Roll No.- 1620387

Acknowledgments:

Acknowledgments I express my sincere gratitude and thankfulness to our principal Ma’am Kanak Khanna, for her encouragement and the best facilities provided for Physical Education in the school. I am equally thankful to my Physical Education teacher Mr. Abhijeet Biswas for his expert and remarkable guidance and supervision throughout this project titled “Common Injuries in Cricket”. Kshitij Singh XII-B

Contents:

Contents Topic 1. Introduction……. 2. Thrower’s Elbow……. 3. Rotator Cuff Injury……. 4. Tennis Elbow……. 5. Runner’s Knee……. 6. Hamstring Injury……. 7. Bibliography……. Page No. …….1 …….2 …….5 …….8 …….11 …….14 …….17

Introduction:

Introduction Sports injuries are injuries that occur in athletes participating in sporting events. In many cases, these types of injuries are due to overuse of a part of a body when participating in a certain activity. Injuries are a common occurrence in professional sports and most teams have a staff of athletic trainers and close connections to the medical community. Here, I have discussed about some common injuries that occur in the game of cricket.

Throwers Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) :

Throwers Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis) Thrower elbow is a similar injury to tennis elbow only it affects the inside of the elbow instead. Thrower elbow is more common in throwers hence the 'nicknames'. Also known as flexor / pronator tendinopathy. CAUSES – Main causes are overuse or lack of flexibility in the elbow.

Symptoms :

Symptoms Pain on the bony bit on the inside of the elbow. Weakness in the wrist. Pain on the inside of the elbow when you grip something hard. Pain when wrist flexion (bending the wrist palm downwards) is resisted. Pain on resisted wrist pronation - rotating inwards (thumb downwards).

Prevention:

Prevention A thorough and correct warm up (to prepare the muscles and tendons for any activity to come). A stretching routine must be followed to keep the muscles and tendons flexible and supple. Strengthening and conditioning the muscles of the forearm and wrist will also help to prevent throwers elbow. This can be done by various exercises like Dumbbells picking or flexing of the wrist.

Rotator’s Cuff Injury:

Rotator’s Cuff Injury The rotator cuff is a group of muscles which work together to provide the Glenohumeral (shoulder) joint with dynamic stability, helping to control the joint during rotation (hence the name). Acute Tear: This tends to happen as a result of a sudden, powerful movement. This might include falling over onto an outstretched hand at speed, or following a powerful pitch/throw. Chronic Tear: A chronic tear develops over a period of time. They usually occur at or near the tendon, as a result of the tendon rubbing against the overlying bone

Symptoms:

Symptoms Sudden, tearing feeling in the shoulder, followed by severe pain through the arm Limited movement of the shoulder due to pain or muscle spasm Severe pain for a few days (due to bleeding and muscle spasm) which usually resolves quickly Specific tenderness over the point of rupture/tear If there is a severe tear(i.e.,chronic injury), you will not be able to abduct your arm (raise it out to the side) without assistance

Prevention:

Prevention Do regular shoulder exercises Rest the shoulder frequently during the match and also between the series. Apply cold packs and heat pads when you experience any shoulder pain or inflammation.

Tennis elbow:

Tennis elbow Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is an extremely common injury that originally got its name because it is a frequent tennis injury, appearing in a large proportion of tennis players. CAUSE - O veruse or repetitive strain caused by repeated extension (bending back) of the wrist against resistance.

Symptoms:

Symptoms Pain about 1-2 cm down from bony area at the outside of the elbow (lateral epicondyle) Weakness in the wrist with difficulty doing simple tasks such as opening a door handle or shaking hands with someone. Pain on the outside of the elbow when the hand is bent back (extended) at the wrist against resistance. Pain on the outside of the elbow when trying to straighten the fingers against resistance. Pain when pressing (palpating) just below the lateral epicondyle on the outside of the elbow.

Prevention:

Prevention Staying in good overall physical shape. Using the correct techniques and movements during activities. Using equipment appropriate for your ability, body size, and body strength. Not overusing your arm with repeated movements that can injure your tendon. Strengthening the muscles of your arm, shoulder, and upper back to help take stress off of your elbow.

Runner’s knee:

Runner’s knee Runner's Knee is the common term for Ilio Tibial Band Friction Syndrome (ITBFS). Runner's Knee is a painful overuse knee injury that affects the outer part of the knee. It is fairly common to batsmen since they are involved in extensive running between the wickets. The kneecaps need to move up and down in a smooth motion to insure a balanced running stride. When the muscles in the legs and feet are not in balance then the knees can go off track causing the cartridge to grind away on the kneecap, thus leading to Runner’s Knee.

Symptoms:

Symptoms Knee pain located on the outer side of the knee joint. Pain may radiate up the thigh or down the outer side of the shin. Pain exacerbated by running activities and settles down with rest.

Prevention:

Prevention Be careful with your running posture. Wear good shoes. Stay hydrated. Stop before you are tired. Do not run with weights. Avoid ankle weights or heavy shoes.

Hamstring Injury:

Hamstring Injury A hamstring injury or strain is an injury that results from a pulling action, which stretches or tears the hamstring muscles and/or tendons. Factors that contribute to hamstring injuries are a lack of flexibility and poor strength of the hamstring muscles. Also, when the hamstrings become fatigued or tired they are more susceptible to injuries.

Symptoms:

Symptoms A sudden sharp pain at the back of the leg during exercise-most probably during sprinting or high velocity movements. Pain on stretching the muscle (straightening the knee whilst bending forwards). Pain on contracting the muscle against resistance. Swelling and bruising. If the rupture is severe a gap in the muscle may be felt.

Prevention:

Prevention A general warm up, followed by an activity-specific warm up will help reduce the likelihood of hamstring injury. Reducing the frequency of, or stopping completely, any activities that aggravate the hamstring. Rest in between training sessions or competition allows the body to heal the minor injuries and repair the muscles to be ready for the next round of activity. Rest is the time that the body uses to repair and rebuild.

Bibliography:

Bibliography www.sportsinjuryclinic.net www.en.wikipedia.org www.sportsinjurybulletin.com www.athleticscholarships.net/sports-injuries.html Health and Physical Education for Class XII (Saraswati Publications)

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