Constrictor Feeding Behaviour of Snakes

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Greeting Behaviour among Spotted Hyaena’s (Crocuta crocuta) Promotes Cooperation and Social Bonds :

Greeting Behaviour among Spotted Hyaena’s ( Crocuta crocuta ) Promotes Cooperation and Social Bonds

Live in Large, Complex Social Groups:

Live in Large, Complex Social Groups Many Subgroups Live by hierarchy order

Greeting Behaviour:

Greeting Behaviour Sniff anogenital region Maintain close bonds Conciliatory – between previous rival Nonconciliatory – individuals that have never fought

Questions :

Questions Investigating greeting behaviour among adult female spotted hyaena’s ( C. crocuta ) Distinguishing between conciliatory and nonconciliatory and its influence

Methods:

Methods Each individual identified Recorded interactions and behaviours Leg – lifting indication of greeting behaviour Analysing greeting’s encouraging cooperation

Results:

Results 8.9% were conciliatory (lasts 50% longer) 91.9% were nonconciliatory Female greeting lasting 22.8 ± 1.0s Male greetings lasting 19.4 ± 2.0s

Discussion:

Discussion Greeting in nonconciliatory common Females have preferred social companions Promoted cooperation among allies of intra – inter groups

Any Questions ?:

Any Questions ? Smith et al (2011) Greetings promote cooperation and reinforce social bonds among spotted hyaenas . Animal Behaviour 81: 401 - 415

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