logging in or signing up Musculoskeletal Lecture II part II narrated aSGuest88852 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 252 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: March 06, 2011 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: RHEUMATOID ARTHRITISRheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis Systemic Inflammatory Disease that affects the synovial lining of the joints CAUSES: Autoimmune disease Abnormal IgG is formed then autoantibodies against the abnormal IgG are formed (RF) Genetic transmission increases susceptibility to the diseasePathophysiology: Pathophysiology Inflammation of the synovial membranes is followed by formation of pannus, an inflammatory exudate, and destruction of cartilage, bone, and ligaments. Pannus is replaced by fibrotic tissue and calcification, which causes subluxation of the jointSlide 6: Typical deformities A. Ulnar drift B. Boutonniere deformity C. Hallux Valgus D. Swan-neck deformitySlide 9: Extra-articular Manifestations of RAAssessment findings: Assessment findings Fatigue, malaise, anorexia Elevated body temperature Painful swollen joints, subcutaneous nodules Limited ROM, paresthesias of hands/feet Symmetrical joint swelling Morning stiffness and crepitus Pericarditis, Leukopenia Splenomegaly, Enlarged lymph nodesDiagnostic findings: Diagnostic findings Elevated Inflammatory Markers (ESR and CRP) Serum Rheumatoid factor positive Serum ANA (antinuclear antibodies) titers may be positive Synovial fluid may be straw colored with fibrin flecks - WBC count may be elevated. X-rays: bone demineralization and soft tissue swelling during early phases. Later may reveal narrowing of joint spaces, destruction of articular cartilage, erosion, and deformity. Clinical Evaluation: (4 or more of the following) : Clinical Evaluation: (4 or more of the following) Morning stiffness lasting at least one hour Arthritis of three or more joint areas Arthritis of the hand joints Symmetric arthritis Rheumatoid nodules Abnormal amounts of serum rheumatoid factor Radiographic changesNursing Management: Nursing Management Assess for adequate pain management Non-pharmacologic pain management Patient education Balancing periods of activity with rest Exercise to maintain joint function and mobility Patient support related to chronic illness Assistive devices for joint protection Support groups and other informationPharmacological Management: Pharmacological Management NSAIDs Non-Biologic – Immunosupress Inflammation corticosteroids, hydroxychloroquine (antimalarial) Biologic – Immunosupress w/ recombinate DNA TNF Antagonists B-lymphocyte depleating T-cell activation inhibitors Minor non-Biologic and Biologic IL1 blockers Plasma phresis Gold salts Chelating therapySlide 15: She should stop working outside the home because having a career is always stressful on mothers B. Typing will be good exercise for her fingers as long as she rests her hands several times a day C. Typing will increase the stress on her finger joints, and she may want to reevaluate her career goals D. Her job should not be a problem since it is expected that the drug therapy will promote a remission of her symptoms A 32 year old patient has just been diagnosed with RA. She asks the nurse what she will be able to do about her job. She says she needs to work to help meet the family’s financial needs. The nurse’s best answer to her is that: You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.