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Premium member Presentation Transcript PRESENTATION ON WILDLIFE CONSERVATION: PRESENTATION ON WILDLIFE CONSERVATIONTEAM MEMBERS: TEAM MEMBERS OJAS P05 KETAKI P17 YOGITA P39 GOURI P11 RAHUL P55 PRATIK P26Bio Diversity of India : Bio Diversity of India Wildlife of India is a mix of species of diverse origins. India is home to a number of rare and threatened animal species. Home to about 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of avian, 6.2% of reptilian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species. Tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, coniferous forest of the Himalaya. dry deciduous forest of central and southern India.WILDLIFE CONSERVATION : WILDLIFE CONSERVATION DEFINED Wildlife protection act started in 1972 Wildlife conservation is the protection of species and habitats of animals . The banning of hunting seasons for endangered or threatened species.Importance of Wild life conservation: Importance of Wild life conservation Beauty Economic value - Timber , fur, tusk, ivory, leather, honey etc Scientific value Gene pool for the scientists to carry breeding programmers in agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery Maintain Ecological Balance Eco- Tourism.CAUSES OF WILDLIFE DESTRUCTION: CAUSES OF WILDLIFE DESTRUCTION Human NatureSlide 7: Source : Wildlife protection society of IndiaHabitat Loss : Habitat Loss S econd most critical factor in species extinction. There now 20% less forest cover than existed 300 years agoPoaching and hunting : Poaching and hunting Another major cause of animal species extinction. Poaching and illegal trade in animals are US$2 billion to $3 billionHabitat Loss and Fragmentation : Habitat Loss and Fragmentation Extensive human demand resulted into Habitat Loss. Rainforests are the main habitats Tropical rainforests are cleared for wood / timber resources development of petroleum resources mineral resources for cash-crop plantations and subsistence farmingNational and International Wildlife Trade: National and International Wildlife Trade Pet Trade Fur Trade Meat Trade Body Parts Trade Trade for Biomedical ResearchSome Other Causes : Some Other Causes Climate change / Global warming Pollution Introduced (Invasive) Species Farmer / Rancher ShootingsEffects of Wild Life Depletion : Effects of Wild Life Depletion Unbalance Food chain and Ecosystem 2) Reduction in rare Wild AnimalsSlide 14: 3) Danger to Human Life 4) Impact on BiodiversitySlide 15: 5) Loss of economic value 6) Loss genetic informationThe natural wealth of the India: The natural wealth of the India Unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers. In Indian philosophy, life in any form is deemed pure and it is advocated that compassion for all living creatures is essential. The tree has held a vital place in religious tradition, symbolizing the myth of creation. The Agni Purana reveals that the conservation rite becomes a soul-saving deed and that trees are objects of respect. The rich and fascinating variety of India's wildlife can be seen in the 80 national parks, 440 sanctuaries and 23 tiger reserves established by the Government of India. India harbors 60% of the world's wild tiger population, 50% of Asian elephants, 80% of the one-horned rhinoceros and the entire remaining population of the Asiatic lion.Wildlife of India (past): Wildlife of India (past) There were More than 500 species of mammals 1,220 species of birds 1, 600 species of reptiles and amphibians 57,000 species of insectsWILDLIFE OF INDIA (TODAY): WILDLIFE OF INDIA (TODAY) The flora and fauna of wild species today is declining rapidly in India Possible extinction is a possibility for over 77 mammals, 72 bird species, 17 reptile species, 3 amphibian species Large amount of butterflies and beetles which are considered to be endangered. Rapid growth in industrialization has hampered the ecosystem and had badly affected the wild animals Wildlife of India is on the mercy of human beings as the mortality rate of animals is increasing due to hunting and poaching.ENDANGERED SPECIES OF animals: ENDANGERED SPECIES OF animals MAJESTIC ELEPHANTS THE INDIAN BISON HISPID HARE SNOW LEOPARD SWAMP DEER BLUE WHALE DESERT CAT LEAF MONKEYENDANGERED SPECIES OF plants: ENDANGERED SPECIES OF plants PTEROCARPUS SANTALINUS CYCAS BEDDOMEI RED SANDALWOOD BAOBAB BERBERIS DECALEPIS HAMILTONIIWildlife destructions in India : Wildlife destructions in India Over exploitation of forest Illicit felling of trees International wildlife trade (1960-1970) Nature against nature Encroachment of villagers on forest land Global warming(30% of all species might vanish in coming decade) Un healthy relations of Govt and local population Local hunting and poaching by villagers Unloyalty of forest officialsSlide 22: Overcrowding is one of the major reasons for the depleting population of wild animals in India. Eco-tourism and adventure tourism. Growth in vehicle pollution Wildlife road fatalities Damage of the natural habitat of birds and animals. Increase in wildfires Releasing of chemicals and other toxic effluents into the water bodies has led to poisoning of the water.SPOTTED DEER (AXIS-AXIS) KILLED BY LOCAL VILLAGERS IN TADOBA ANDHARI TIGER RESERVE (CHANDRAPUR) MAHARASHTRA: SPOTTED DEER (AXIS-AXIS) KILLED BY LOCAL VILLAGERS IN TADOBA ANDHARI TIGER RESERVE (CHANDRAPUR) MAHARASHTRA8 INDIAN BISONS (GAUR) WERE KILLED IN TATR BY ADULTERING UREA : 8 INDIAN BISONS (GAUR) WERE KILLED IN TATR BY ADULTERING UREAGovt role in conservation of wildlife: Govt role in conservation of wildlife Wildlife protection act 1972 Project tiger 1972-73 Forest protection act 1980-88 Anti poaching agencies State wildlife dept State forest dept Ministry of environment and forest Army (IF APPLICABLE) Police Border security force Coast guards Wildlife conservation societySlide 26: PROJECT TIGER Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation movement initiated in India in 1972 The project aims at tiger conservation in specially constituted tiger reserves throughout IndiaSlide 27: Creation of wildlife sanctuaries and reserves with mandatory fencing Special task force be prepared for preservation of this supreme predator No forestry operations carried out in core areas Dept be provided with additional personal and wireless equipment with an immediate effect Rehabilitation of locals done outside the reserve forest with immediate effect Immediate compensesation to villagers in case of kill made by tiger Immediate seize of weapon license from villagers given before 1972 unless prescribed officially.Recommendations : Recommendations Love towards mother Earth ,Nature & Animals Conservation laws for wildlife/forest practiced properly Strict actions against ,who do not abide laws Non Balable arrest to person found acused Non industrial activities besides reserve forestconclusion: conclusion Forests and wildlife are the renewable natural resource and if all the planned programmes are effectively executed, in a few decades the flora and the fauna will start flourishing Where is my mamma You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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