Data Types in C Language

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Data Types in C Language:

Data Types in C Language By:- Dilip kumar chaudhary Roll- 100103103

Slide 2:

A programming language is proposed to help programmer to process certain kinds of data and to provide useful output. The task of data processing is accomplished by executing series of commands called program. A program usually contains different types of data types (integer, float, character etc.) and need to store the values being used in the program. A C programmer has to employ proper data type as per his requirements.

C has different data types for different types of data and can be broadly classified as::

C has different data types for different types of data and can be broadly classified as: 1. Primary Data Types 2. Secondary Data Types

Primary data type:

Primary data type Integer data type Integers are whole numbers with a range of values, range of values are machine dependent. Generally an integer occupies 2 bytes memory space and its value range limited to -32768 to +32767 (that is, -215 to +215-1). A signed integer use one bit for storing sign and rest 15 bits for number.

To control the range of numbers and storage space, C has three classes of integer storage namely short int, int and long int. All three data types have signed and unsigned forms. A short int requires half the amount of storage than normal integer. Unlike signed integer, unsigned integers are always positive and use all the bits for the magnitude of the number. Therefore, the range of an unsigned integer will be from 0 to 65535. The long integers are used to declare a longer range of values and it occupies 4 bytes of storage space.:

To control the range of numbers and storage space, C has three classes of integer storage namely short int , int and long int. All three data types have signed and unsigned forms. A short int requires half the amount of storage than normal integer. Unlike signed integer, unsigned integers are always positive and use all the bits for the magnitude of the number. Therefore, the range of an unsigned integer will be from 0 to 65535. The long integers are used to declare a longer range of values and it occupies 4 bytes of storage space.

Syntax: int <variable name>; int num1; short int num2; long int num3; Example: 5, 6, 100, 2500. Integer Data Type Memory Allocation::

Syntax: int <variable name>; int num1; short int num2; long int num3; Example : 5, 6, 100, 2500. Integer Data Type Memory Allocation:

Floating Point Data Types: The float data type is used to store fractional numbers (real numbers) with 6 digits of precision. Floating point numbers are denoted by the keyword float. When the accuracy of the floating point number is insufficient, we can use the double to define the number. The double is same as float but with longer precision and takes double space (8 bytes) than float. To extend the precision further we can use long double which occupies 10 bytes of memory space.:

Floating Point Data Types: The float data type is used to store fractional numbers (real numbers) with 6 digits of precision. Floating point numbers are denoted by the keyword float. When the accuracy of the floating point number is insufficient, we can use the double to define the number. The double is same as float but with longer precision and takes double space (8 bytes) than float. To extend the precision further we can use long double which occupies 10 bytes of memory space.

Syntax: float <variable name>; float num1; double num2; long double num3; Example: 9.125, 3.1254. Floating Point Data Type Memory Allocation::

Syntax: float <variable name>; float num1; double num2; long double num3; Example: 9.125, 3.1254. Floating Point Data Type Memory Allocation:

Character Data Type: Character type variable can hold a single character and are declared by using the keyword char. As there are singed and unsigned int (either short or long), in the same way there are signed and unsigned chars; both occupy 1 byte each, but having different ranges. Unsigned characters have values between 0 and 255, signed characters have values from –128 to 127.:

Character Data Type: Character type variable can hold a single character and are declared by using the keyword char. As there are singed and unsigned int (either short or long), in the same way there are signed and unsigned chars; both occupy 1 byte each, but having different ranges. Unsigned characters have values between 0 and 255, signed characters have values from –128 to 127.

Syntax: char <variable name>; char ch = ‘a’; Example: a, b, g, S, j.:

Syntax: char <variable name>; char ch = ‘a’; Example: a, b, g, S, j.

Data Types in C, Size & Range of Data Types. :

Data Types in C, Size & Range of Data Types.

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