Wildlife of Karnataka

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Wildlife of Karnataka:

Wildlife of Karnataka ……A brief account

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St.Joseph’s college (Autonomous) Lalbagh road ,Bangalore Kannada Infomedia PÀ£ÀßqÀ E£ÉÆá«ÄÃrAiÀÄ

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Kannada Infomedia is students initiative to teach Kannada to Non-Kannadigas (specially those studying in our college in large numbers ) www.kannadainfomedia.com Please log on to our website for more information

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION The state of Karnataka located in South India has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. It has a recorded forest area of 38720 km² which constitutes 20.19% of the total geographical area of the state.

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5 These forests support 25% of the elephant population and 10% of the tiger population of India . The mountains of Western Ghats which are in the western region of Karnataka are a biodiversity hotspot.

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The state bird = Indian Roller The state animal = Indian Elephant The state tree = Sandalwood The state flower = Lotus

The state bird =Indian Roller :

The state bird = Indian Roller

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8 The state animal = Indian Elephant

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9 The state tree = Sandalwood

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10 The state flower = Lotus

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11 5 national parks of KARNATAKA

ANSHI NATIONAL PARK:

ANSHI NATIONAL PARK This park is present in the Uttara Kannada district and spreads over an area of 250 km². The altitude varies from 27 meters (89 ft) to 927 meters (3,041 ft) , and temperatures from 15°C to 35°C. Average annual rainfall is about 4,700 millimeters .

ANIMALS FOUND HERE:

ANIMALS FOUND HERE MAMMALS found include elephant, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, slender Loris, tiger, jungle cat, black panther, leopard cat, small Indian civet, sloth bear, Malabar giant squirrel and giant flying squirrel. The Snakes found are King cobra, python, cobra, rat snake, viper and krait

GAUR:

GAUR

BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK:

BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK It is situated within Chamarajanagar district covering an area of over 800 km² and adjoins the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In 1973, Bandipur became one of the first of India's Tiger Reserves and became a part of Project Tiger . In 1974, intention was declared under the Wildlife Protection Act to notify it as a National Park.

ANIMALS FOUND HERE:

ANIMALS FOUND HERE Mammals found here are : Elephant Gaur, Sambar, Barking deer, Mouse deer, Common giant flying squirrel, Tiger, Leopard, Common palm civet, Sloth bear, Striped hyena ,Golden jackal, Ruddy mongoose, Smooth Indian otter, Indian pangolin.

NEEDS NO INTRODUCTION: THE TIGER:

NEEDS NO INTRODUCTION: THE TIGER

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Reptiles like Marsh crocodile, Indian pond terrapin, Starred tortoise, Common Indian monitor, Indian chameleon, Skinks, Spectacled cobra, Russell's viper, Common krait, Indian python, Checkered keelback , Green whip snake, Common Indian bronzeback and Trinket snake are found here. 18

BANNERUGHATTA NATIONAL PARK:

BANNERUGHATTA NATIONAL PARK It is located in Bangalore distric t and covers over 115 km² of area . Altitude varies from 740 meters (2,428 ft) to 1,034 meters (3,392 ft) , temperature from 20° to 35°C and the average annual rainfall is 700 millimeters (28 in). It is also a popular tourist destination for those who are in Bangalore.

ANIMALS FOUND HERE:

ANIMALS FOUND HERE Mammals in the park include leopard, gaur, elephant, jackal, fox, wild pig, sloth bear, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, common langur, bonnet macaque, porcupine and hare.

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21 Leopard

KUDREMUKH NATIONAL PARK:

KUDREMUKH NATIONAL PARK Spread over an area of 600.32 km² it encompasses regions in the districts of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Chikmagalur. Altitude varies from 134 meters (440 ft) to 1,892 meters (6,207 ft). The park has a pleasant climate, with temperatures ranging from 17° to 28°C . Annual rainfall on an average is 4,000 millimeters (157 in) .

ANIMALS FOUND HERE:

ANIMALS FOUND HERE Mammals in the park include tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, lion-tailed macaque, common langur, sloth bear, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel, porcupine and mongoose. Bird species in the park include the Malabar trogon, great pied hornbill, Malabar whistling thrush and imperial pigeon.

Lion-tailed macaque :

Lion-tailed macaque 24

THE GIANT SQUIRREL:

THE GIANT SQUIRREL

A FROG OF THE WESTERN GHATS:

A FROG OF THE WESTERN GHATS

NAGARHOLE NATIONAL PARK:

NAGARHOLE NATIONAL PARK Also known as Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park gets its name from the Nagara Hole ( Snake River in Kannada) which runs eastwards through its centre. The park covers an area of about 575 km².

ANIMALS FOUND HERE:

ANIMALS FOUND HERE Some of the species of mammals found in this park are Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Chevrotain or Mouse deer, Four horned Antelope, Giant fruit bat, Tiger, Leopard, Jungle cat, Rusty spotted Cat, Common palm civet, Sloth bear and Flying fox, the largest Indian Bat.

SAMBAR:

SAMBAR 29

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Reptiles include Marsh crocodile, Indian pond terrapin, Star tortoise, Forest calotes , Southern green calotes , Skinks, Spectacled cobra, Russell's viper, Common krait, Indian python, Checkered keelback , Green whip snake, Common Indian bronzeback , Flying snake, Wolf snake and Trinket snake. 30

Marsh crocodiles:

Marsh crocodiles 31

WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES IN KARNATAKA:

WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES IN KARNATAKA

Arabithittu Wildlife Sanctuary:

Arabithittu Wildlife Sanctuary It is located in Mysore district . This park consists of eucalyptus and sandalwood plantations. Leopard, fox and spotted deer are some of the animal species found here 33

Spotted deer :

Spotted deer 34

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary:

Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary It is located in Mandya district. This was created mainly for the conservation of peacocks. 35

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THE PEACOCK

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It is located in the Chamarajanagar district. Some of the species of flora found here are Anogeissus latifolia , Grewia Tilaefolia and Syzygium cumini . Species of mammals include elephants, tigers, leopards, sloth bear, gaur, barking deer and sambar . 37 Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary

Sloth bears:

Sloth bears 38

Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary:

Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary It is located between the Chikkamagaluru and Shimoga . Common species of flora include Lagerstromia Lanceolata and Careya arborea . Mammals include tiger, leopard, elephant, gaur, slender loris and pangolin. Among the bird species found here are rubythroated bulbul, shama , Malabar whistling thrush and paradise flycatcher. 39

slender loris:

slender loris 40

Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary:

Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary It is in Coorg ( Kodagu ) district . The evergreen forests in this sanctuary include species like Cinnamomum zeylancium , Cedrela toona and Alstonia scholaris . Bamboos are dominant here and include species like Bambusa bambos and Dendrocalamus strictus . Mammals include elephant, gaur, tiger, jungle cat, bonnet macaque and Nilgiri marten 41

Nilgiri marten :

Nilgiri marten 42

Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary:

Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary It is in Uttara Kannada district . Common tree species found here are Dalbergia latifolia , Terminalia paniculata , T. Tomentosa and vitex altissima . Mammal species include elephant, gaur, wild pig, slender loris , Malabar giant squirrel and barking deer. 43

Malabar giant squirrel:

Malabar giant squirrel 44

Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary:

Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary It is in Udupi district. Some of the tree species found here are Dipterocarpus indicus , Calophyllum tomentosum and Hopea parviflora . Slender loris , lion-tailed macaque, sambar and chital are some of the animals found here. 45

Chital :

Chital 46

MORE WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES:

MORE WILD LIFE SANCTUARIES Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary : in Kodagu district Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Udupi district. Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary : It is spread across the districts of Bangalore, Mysore and Mandya . Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Shimoga district

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Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary : This is located in Bellary district. Ghataprabha Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Belgaum district . Melukote Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Mandya district. Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Mysore district 48

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Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Kodagu district. Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary : This is located in Dharwad district. Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary : This is located in Shimoga district. 49

Bird sanctuaries:

Bird sanctuaries 50

Attiveri Bird Sanctuary:

Attiveri Bird Sanctuary This is located in Uttara Kannada district and is spread over 2.23 km². White ibis, little cormorant, pied kingfisher, common grey hornbill are some of the bird species found here. 51

Pied kingfisher:

Pied kingfisher 52

Gudavi Bird Sanctuary:

Gudavi Bird Sanctuary This is located in Shimoga district and is spread over 0.73 km². 191 species of birds are recorded here including white ibis, pheasant-tailed jacana, purplr moorhen and little grebe. 53

Pheasant-tailed jacana:

Pheasant-tailed jacana 54

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary:

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary This is located in Mysore district and is spread over 0.67 km². This sanctuary is a haven for birds like cormorants, darter, white ibis, great stone plover, cliff swallow, spoonbills, lesser whistling teal and kingfishers. 55

Spoonbills :

Spoonbills 56

Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary::

Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary: This is located in Shimoga district and is based on a small island on the Tunga river. It is mainly visited by migratory birds like Median Egret ( Egretta Intermedia ), the Little Cormonant ( Phalacrocoorax Niger ), and the Darter or Snake Bird ( Aninga nufa ). [ 57

Median Egret:

Median Egret 58

Kaggaladu Heronry:

Kaggaladu Heronry This is located in Tumkur district . It is one of the largest painted storks sanctuary in South India. Some of the birds that nest here are painted storks, grey herons, pelicans, black stilts and ducks 59

Painted storks:

Painted storks 60

Kokkare Bellur Pelicanry:

Kokkare Bellur Pelicanry This is located in the town of Kokkare Bellur in Mandya district . It is a haven for avian species like Grey or Spot-billed Pelican and Painted Stork. 61

Spot-billed Pelican:

Spot-billed Pelican 62

Other bird sanctuaries :

Other bird sanctuaries Bankapura Peacock Sanctuary : This is located in Haveri district This sanctuary was created mainly for the conservation of peacocks. Bonal Bird sanctuary: This is located in (Gulbarga District)near Surpur about 180 km from Gulbarga city. 63

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DEAR VISITOR , MORE POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS COMING SOON !!!! IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO POST PPT’S YOU HAVE ON KARNATAKA AND KANNADA RELATED TOPICS , PLEASE FEEL FREE TO MAIL IT TO US . (The best will be selected ) OUR email id : kannadainfomedia@gmail.com

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There is a lot of Wild life to see in Karnataka. Hopefully, you will be able to go to a few of these places while you are in Karnataka

THANK YOU:

THANK YOU

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