The basics of Sign Language

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Learn the basics of american sign language - learn to sign the alphabet, numbers, common words, hold a conversation, colors, family words, weather, body parts, seasons, days of the week etc..

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Presentation Transcript

The basics of Sign Language : 

The basics of Sign Language How the Hearing Impaired Use Hand Signals to Communicate by Aya El Jerbi American Sign Language (ASL)

Alphabet : 

2 Alphabet Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Slide 3: 

3 Numbers 1 7 6 5 4 3 2 9 8 10

Slide 4: 

4 Getting Started Hello – This is the same natural gesture used in the “hearing world”. Goodbye – This is the same natural gesture used in the “hearing world”. Wave your hand with the open palm . What’s up? – Place your middle fingers on your chest and then pull them upward and outward. Fine – The thumb touches the middle of the chest with fingers extended. My name is Aya How to use this book – the sign images in this book are presented from the perspective of the viewer If you are really willing to push yourself learn 5 signs a day. Learn no more than 5 a day or you will really challenge your memory . My – Place your right hand over your chest Name – Form an X with U hand shapes. A Y A Nice – wipe one hand with the other. Meet – Bring together your two forefingers- each represent a person meeting. You – Point at the person you are signing to. Nice to meet you

Slide 5: 

5 Daily life Work – Create S hand shapes with both hands, then tap one of them to the back of another - to represent the hands doing something (working). Sleep – Pull away downward from your face a 5 hand shape. Close your hand to represent the eyes closing. Pull down your face to emphasize that a person is sleeping House – Outline the shape of the house with your hands. – Start with the roof and then the side walls. Friend – Link your index fingers together suggesting that two people are close to each other (friends.) Please – Circle with your open hand palm over your heart to indicate pleasure Thank you – Move your hand out and down from your chin.

Slide 6: 

6 Your welcome – Bring your hand from the top side of your body down. I understand – Bend then point your finger upwards. Dance – V hand shape sway on the right horizontal arm. Pretty – make the P hand shape and circle your face Etiquette Eye contact – While signing and talking to a deaf person you have to keep eye contact with him the whole time. Seeking attention – to get the attention of a deaf person you shouldn’t scream or yell, instead you have to tap the person on the shoulder Facial expression – this is very important so that the deaf person you are trying to sign to is able to understand what your are trying to say. So do not sign with a cold face rather raise and lower your eyebrows as appropriate while performing a sign. Body language adds meaning to the sign as tone adds meaning to the spoken words.

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7 Family Mom– make the A hand shape with your right hand and bring it to your chin Baby– create with your hands the shape as if you are carrying a baby and then sway your hands back and forth. Dad– create the D hand shape with your right hand and place it to the top of your head. Boy– pretend that you are touching the tip of a boy’s cap. Girl– create the A hand shape, stretch the thumb out, place the hand to the back of the head and then bring it forward to the chin.

Slide 8: 

8 Animals Cat – make the f hand shape with both hands, place them to your cheeks and then take them outwards – as if you are pulling whiskers of your face Rabbit – place your hands over your head, with only two fingers open, bend them slightly and open them – as if to represent big rabbit ears Fish – with your right hand perform the path of a fish swimming Butterfly– create the classic sign used everyday to represent butterfly Bird– create with your right hand a beak over your nose opening and closing your index finger - to represent the beak of a bird Owl– create with both hands circles around your eyes – to represent the big eyes of an owl.

Slide 9: 

9 Colors To sign most of the colors in Sign Language you simply have to create the sign for the first letter of the color and tap/shake it at the area where the colors are usually signed at (the right side of your body). Blue – make the B hand shape and then tap it slightly to the side of your face. Yellow – make the Y hand shape and then tap it slightly to the side of your face. Green– make the G hand shape and then tap it slightly to the side of your face. Orange – under your chin clench and open your hand like you are squeezing an orange. – this is different to the sign for the rest of the colors. Red – point at your lips then bring the hand down. – this indicates the redness of the lips.

Slide 10: 

10 Food Food – Place one hand in your mouth – as if to place food in your mouth Meat – Pinch the fleshy part of your hand with the thumb and forefinger. Hungry – Move your hand down the chest – to indicate the desire for food to flow in into your stomach. Satisfaction – Touch the body with the sides of your hands and then move them downwards - to show that a person's feelings are settling down. Cook – Flip your hands to show the motion of food being turned over on a frying pan. Milk – Squeeze your hand – as if to squeeze a teat of an animal.

Slide 11: 

11 Meals Breakfast– Make the sign EAT with a B hand shape. Lunch– Make the sign EAT with an L hand shape. Dinner – Make the sign EAT with a D hand shape. Eat – Place one hand in your mouth as if to place food in your mouth – this is the same sign as for FOOD. Meal times are signed using the sign for EAT instead with the hand shape of the first letter of the meal times – B – L – D.

Slide 12: 

12 Clock – create the C hand shape with your left hand and with the right hand circle the sign with the index finger. Now – Move your hands straight down to indicate the present (now). Time – Perform the sign HOUR with a T hand shape. Today – Combine the signs NOW and DAY. Yesterday – Move the Y hand shape from your chin to the back of the jawbone. Yesterday can also be signed with a A hand shape. time Hour – With your forefinger circle the other hand to represent the hour hand going around the clock once in an hour. In American Sign Language, the body represents the present time, to the front of the body is the future, and to the back of the body represents the past. Now Day Morning – Place your left arm horizontally. Bring backward your right upright arm. Afternoon – Place your left arm horizontally as a base for your right arm. Bring your right arm forward. Evening – Place your left arm horizontally and bring your right arm forward while bending the hand slightly.

Slide 13: 

13 Direction Left– Move the L hand shape from the right to the left side of your body. Right – Move the R hand shape to the right side of the body. Straight – Move the B hand shape straight ahead from your face Up – Point your forefinger straight up. Down – Point your finger down.

Slide 14: 

14 Nature Leaf – Wave your hand with wide spread open fingers in front of your body. Sun – Point your index finger upwards to the sky and circle indicating the shape of the sun. Then turn the hand towards your head and spread your fingers to represent the sun shining down from the sky. Tree – Place your left arm horizontally and hold your right arm upright – to represent a tree. Flower – Bring to the nose flattened O hand shapes – this action represents the action of smelling a flower.

Slide 15: 

15 Seasons Spring – Place your left arm horizontally (representing the ground). Move your other hand up, spreading the fingers, through your left hand. – This movement plants growing as spring is the time of the year that plants come forth after lying dormant through the winter. Winter – Hunch your shoulders forward and shake your hands as if you are cold. Summer – Slide your index finger across your forehead and bend it as if you are wiping sweat away from your forehead Fall – Place your left arm horizontally and create a V hand shape with the right hand, place it over your left hand and then bring the V hand shape forward of the left hand forward as if the V hand shape is falling down.

Slide 16: 

16 Weather Storm – The hands are indicating the movement of wind. Snow – The fingers wiggle as the hand is moved down to represent snowflakes falling. Rain – The fingers are spread and bent. The movement of the hands represent the concept of raining. Weather – The W hand shapes touch and twist back and forth. Wind – The B hand shapes circle each other to represent something being wrapped.

Slide 17: 

17 Body parts Head – The head is indicated by tapping the temple and the side of the jaw with the fingertips. Eye – The eye is indicated. Nose – The nose is indicated. Face – The forefinger circles the face. Hands – The hands are indicated by the movement. Mouth – The forefinger circles the mouth. Leg – The word leg is finger-spelled. L-E-G Heart – The middle finger taps the chest over the area of the heart.

Slide 18: 

18 Opposites Night – place your left arm horizontally and place the other hand over it – both hands together show the position of the sun relative to the earth at night. Day – place your left arm horizontally and take the right arm upwards. Both hands together show the position of the sun relative to the earth at night No – finger spell N-O or snap your middle and forefinger close on the thumb. Far – Move one A hand shape hand away from your other A hand shape. – showing that something is not close by (far away). Near – Approach one of your hands to the other but not touching each other - indicating that something is close. Small – move your hands close together to indicate that something is small. Big – move your hands apart to show that the size of something is large (big). Yes – Shake your S hand shape up and down – representing a head nodding. N O

Slide 19: 

19 Days-of-the-week Monday – Make a small circle with the M hand shape. Thursday – Form the letters T and H. Tuesday – Move a T hand shape in a circle. Saturday – Make a small circle with the S hand shape. Week- Slide your index finger across your hand. Sunday – Hold up your two palms and circle them. Friday – Move a F hand shape in a small circle. Wednesday – Circle a W hand shape. All the days of the week are signed in the same position (area) and are initialized except for Sunday.

Slide 20: 

20 Smart – Hold your hand with the palm facing the side of your body. Swipe your index finger of your forehead then move it forward to show that someone is thinking straight. Innocent – Move H hand shapes down and away from your mouth to emphasize being innocent and having nothing to hide. Bad – Pretend to be tasting something and then turn it away because it tasted bad. Brave – Grab your body with your hands and then bring your hands forth to indicate braveness. Strong – Pull an S hand shape away from your chest firmly - in a manner to show strength. Good – Move your hand forth from the mouth to your other hand. This action represent that something has been tasted and judged as being good; it is then offered to others. qualities

Slide 21: 

21 Angry – Pull your fingers away from your face and bend them. Love – Cross your arms and pretend to be hugging something over your heart. Shy – Brush your little finger against your cheek while tilting the head slightly – this action represents blood rising in the cheeks of a shy person. Surprise – Take out L hand shapes from the eye to represent them widening as in when someone is surprised. Sad – Starting at your face move down your outspread fingers – this movement shows the that the features of a face dropping which is how the face looks when someone is sad. Emotions & Feelings Happy – Move your hands up your chest in a gesture to represent having high spirits

Slide 22: 

22 Why – Touch your forehead with the ends of your fingers then take it to the side changing to a Y hand shape. Who – Circle your mouth with your index finger. What – Strike your palm with the index finger. Where – Shake your index finger to the right side of your body. How – Twist a Y hand shape next to another. Asking QUESTIONS How many – Throw your hands up spreading your fingers. In this sign the fingers represent the numbers. Which – Create A hand shapes and move them alternating up and down - In a way of asking which one do you like? Or which one do you want?

Slide 23: 

23 Index 1-10 numbers……………..3 A-Z alphabet……………...2 Afternoon………………...12 Angry…………………..…21 Baby……………………….7 Bad……………………….20 Big…………………..……18 Bird…………………….…..8 Blue…………………….….9 Boy…………………….…..7 Brave……………………..20 Breakfast……………..….11 Butterfly……………………8 Cat…………………………8 Clock………………….….12 Cook…………………..….10 Dad………………………...7 Dance……………………...6 Day……………………….18 Dinner……………………11 Down……………………..13 Eat………………………..11 Evening…………………..12 Eye……………………….17 Face……………………...17 Fall………………………..16 Far………………………..18 Fine……………………..…4 Fish………………………...8 Flower……………………14 Food……………………...12 Friend………………...……5 Nice……………………........4 Night……………………….18 No………………………….18 Nose……………………….17 Now………………………..12 Orange……………………...9 Owl………………………….8 Please………………………5 Pretty…………………….….6 Rabbit…………………….…8 Rain………………………..16 Red……………………….…9 Right……………………....13 Sad……………………..….21 Satisfaction…………….....10 Saturday…………………..19 Shy………………….......…21 Sleep………………………..5 Small………………………18 Smart………………………20Snow………………………16 Spring……………………..16 Storm………………………16 Straight……………………13 Strong……………………..20 Summer…………………...16 Sun………………………...14 Sunday…………………….19 Surprise………………...…21 Thank you………………….5 Thursday……………….....19 Time……………………….12 Today…………….…...…12 Tree………………………14 Tuesday………………….19 Up………………………...13 Weather………………….16 Week……………………..19 Wednesday……………...19 What…………………..….22 What’s up………………....4 Where………………...….22 Which…………………….22 Who………………………22 Why……………………....22 Wind……………………...16 Winter…………………….16 Work……………………….5 Yellow…………………......9 Yes……………………….18 Yesterday…………….….12 You………………………...4 Your Welcome……………6 Girl…………………………7 Good……………………..20 Goodbye……………..…....4 Green……………………...9 Hands…………………….17 Happy…………………….21 Head……………………..17 Hello……………………....4 Heart…………………..…17 Hour………………………12 House……………………..5 How…………………...….22 How many……………….22 How much……………….22 Hungry………………...…12 Innocent………………….20 I understand………………6 Leaf……………………....14 Left……………………….13 Legs………………………17 Love………………………21 Lunch……………….……11 Meat…………………...…10 Meet…………………..…14 Milk……………………….12 Mom……………………….7 Monday…………………..19 Morning………………….12 Mouth…………………….17 My……………………….....4 Name………………...…....4 Near………………………18 Sign…………………… Page