Presentation1. tools of data collection and overview of data collecti

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TOOLS OF DATA COLLECTION INTRODUCTION: Data collection is a term used to describe a process of preparing and collecting data - for example as part of a process improvement or similar project. The purpose of data collection is to obtain information to keep on record, to make decisions about important issues, to pass information on to others. Primarily, data is collected to provide information regarding a specific topic . It contains the following activity. 1) Pre collection activity 2)Collection 3)Present Findings

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TYPES OF DATA 1) Primary data Observation method Interview method questionnaire schedule method Case study method Survey method Panel method 2) secondary data

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OVERVIEW OF DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES 1) Data collection techniques Various data collection techniques can be used such as: * Using available information * Observing * Interviewing (face-to-face) * Administering written questionnaires * Focus group discussions * Projective techniques, mapping, scaling

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Data collection techniques and tools

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Advantages and disadvantages of various data collection techniques

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2) The importance of combining different data collection techniques A ) QUALITATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES B) QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES 3) BIAS IN INFORMATION COLLECTION Possible sources of bias during data collection: 1. Defective instruments , 2. Observer bias: 3. Effect of the interview on the informant : 4. Information bias:

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4) ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS A) Harm may be caused B) methods for dealing issues

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