Ethical Leadership Qualities

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Developing Effective Leaders:

Developing Effective Leaders Ethical Leadership

Objectives:

2 Objectives Integrate principles of leadership and principles of ethics. Enhance the capabilities of community leaders to recognize and act according to their ethical beliefs. Provide a forum to discuss how to build and maintain an ethical society.

Definitions of Terms:

3 Definitions of Terms VALUES Core beliefs or desires that guide and motivate attitudes and actions. MORALS Customs and personal beliefs of individuals about what is right and wrong. ETHICS Standards of conduct that indicate how one should behave based on principles about right and wrong. Source: Scheffert and Hamersly 1993

What is Ethics?:

4 Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics What is Ethics? Ethics is not about the way things are… It is about the way things OUGHT to be.

Three Qualities of Ethical Leadership:

5 Three Qualities of Ethical Leadership

Ethics is Character and Courage:

6 Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics Ethics is Character and Courage Ethics is about character and courage and how we meet the challenge when doing the right thing will cost more than we want to pay. Michael Josephson

Ethics is Values:

7 Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics Ethics is Values Ethics is a code of values which guide our choices and actions and determine the purpose and course of our lives. Derived from Ayn Rand

Case Study:

8 Case Study So, do you lie on the application?

Six Pillars of Character:

Six Pillars of Character Trustworthiness Respect Responsibility Justice & Fairness Caring Civic Virtue These core ethical values transcend cultural, religious, and socio-economic differences. 9 Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics, Aspen Declaration, 1992

The Commonwealth:

The Commonwealth 10 Commonwealth

Ethical Decision Making:

11 Source: Scheffert and Hamersly 1993 Ethical Decision Making An ethical perspective is having the ability to: Be sensitive to ethical issues. Make reasoned judgments. Have the motivation to act ethically. Follow through with action. Look back and learn from the situation.

Aiming for Ethical Decisions:

12 Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics Aiming for Ethical Decisions Spirit & Purpose Minimal Compliance You will inevitably miss the target. If you aim for the outer rim,

Ethical People:

13 “An ethical person often chooses to do more than the law requires and less than the law allows – there is a difference between what you have a right to do and what is right to do.” Justice Potter Stewart Ethical People

Competing Values:

Competing Values 14 Wrong Right Honesty Caring Responsibility You might have to choose between… Instead of…

Classic Ethical Conflicts:

15 Classic Ethical Conflicts Short-term vs. Long-term Principle vs. Expediency Self-interest vs. Others Conflicting loyalties

Ethical Decision-Making Process:

Ethical Decision-Making Process Perceive Clarify Select Act Reassess 16

Ethical Decision-Making Models:

17 Ethical Decision-Making Models Personal Warning System Bell, Book, and Candle M.O.R.A.L.

Your Personal Warning System:

18 Your Personal Warning System The GOLDEN RULE Do unto others as you would have others do unto you. Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics

Bell, Book, and Candle:

19 Bell, Book, and Candle Listen for the bells warning you. Check to see if there are any laws, regulations, or rules. How will your decision look in the light?

M. O. R. A. L. MODEL:

20 M. O. R. A. L. MODEL M assage the dilemma O utline Options R eview criteria and resolve A ffirm position and act L ook back Patricia Crisham Source: Scheffert and Hamersly 1993

Practicing Ethical Decision Making:

21 Practicing Ethical Decision Making Case Study 1: The $20 Bill Case Study 2: The Youth Group Sponsor Case Study 3: The Caring Board of Directors

Common Rationalizations:

22 Common Rationalizations If it’s necessary, it’s ethical! If it’s legal and permissible, it’s proper. I was just doing it for you! I’m just fighting fire with fire. It doesn’t hurt anyone. Everyone does it! It’s okay if I don’t gain personally. I’ve got it coming! I can still be objective. Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics

Ethics is a Name:

Ethics is a Name “Ethics is the name we give to our concern for good behavior. We feel an obligation to consider not only our own personal well-being, but that of others and of society as a whole.” Dr. Albert Schweitzer 23

Ethics is Hope:

Ethics is Hope “When people accept responsibility for their own conduct and for the well-being of others, ethics serves to stabilize society. Ethical leadership is the antidote to despair and cynicism that is crushing our spirit and clouding our future. Ethics is our hope.” Gary Edwards, Ethics Resource Center 24

Why Worry about Ethics?:

25 Source: Scheffert and Hamersly 1993 Why Worry about Ethics? Leadership is the investment of trust into people who serve the common good. It creates value. It refines and develops services that enrich our lives. Leadership is naturally ethical.

Why Worry about Ethics?:

26 Source: Kouzes & Posner, 2002 Why Worry about Ethics? What people look for in others for leadership: Honesty Fair-mindedness Caring We appoint, elect, and encourage leaders, expecting them to serve the public reliably.

Final Thought:

27 Final Thought “If you want to know how to live your life, Think about what you would like people to say about you after you die…. Then, live backwards.” Josephson Institute Source: Josephson Institute of Ethics