American War of Independence

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By: sahil1011 (119 month(s) ago)

very nice

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American War of Independence1775-1783 : 

American War of Independence1775-1783

Slide 2: 

The American War of Independence, also known as the American Revolutionary War, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the thirteen colonies on the North American continent. The goal of the war was to keep the colonies, Americans, in the British Empire. The War of Independence could be summed up as a civil war fought on foreign soil.

Causes of the War : 

Causes of the War The War of Independence started from collective legal complaints by the colonies against British rule and communities against opression by government and other authorities. The British thought that American lands were providing raw materials to Britain and consumers of British manufactured goods. This feeling expressed itself in an increasing control and restriction of American trade and industry.

Slide 4: 

In contrast, the colonies thought that they must not be restricted by decisions made 3,000 miles away across the Atlantic. In addition, Britain attempted to limit further expansion by the colonies. This limit on their expansion caused much discontent among the colonies, including George Washington. The next increase in the tension came in 1765 with the Stampt Act. The act was the first direct taxation to be imposed on the colonies from London.

Slide 5: 

Besides all of these causes, the main cause of the war was the British government intending on gaining total control of the colonies which were against British rule.

1775The War Begins : 

1775The War Begins The first shots of the war were fired in massachusetts in 1775. When the war began, the colonies did not have a professional army or navy. Each colony provided for its own defenses through the use of militias, who were not professional soilders but had military training. Seeking to coordinate militiary efforts, a regular army was established, and George Washington was appointed as commander.

Disadvantages of Both Sides : 

Disadvantages of Both Sides America’s disadvantages were including few trained generals and troops. Although the British had sufficient troops to defeat the Americans, they had much more disadvantages such as fighting 3,000 miles from home, faced problems of supply, divided command, slow communications, a hostile population, and lack of exrerience in combating guerrilla tactics.

1776-1781The War Continues : 

1776-1781The War Continues On 4 July 1776, the Americans formally declared their independence as a new nation, the United States of America. Next year, 1777, was the last year in which the British were able to concentrate on defeating the Americans. In 1778, the war became an international conflict with the entry of France into the war. Spain also went to war with Britain over the next two years.

Slide 9: 

The French alliance changed the nature of the war. By 1779 it was clear that the focus of the war for the British had moved away from America and on to the struggle against France. After French entry into the war, 1780 saw the emphasis of the war shift to the south where the British hoped to regain control by recruiting Loyalists. At the beginning of 1781, both the British and the Americans faced a potential crisis. Both sides spent million dollars for the war. Moreover, the casualty figure was quitely high for the two.

The War’s End : 

The War’s End In 1781 French naval victory in the Chesapeake leading to the surrender of British army at Yorktown effectively helped end the war. In 1783 the Treaty of Paris ended the war and recognized the sovereignty of the United States over the territory bounded by what is now Canada to the north, Florida to the south, and the Mississippi River to the west.

Slide 11: 

Despite frequent victories, the British could not break the American will. The conclusion was the downfall of British rule in America and the rise of the Americans’ own independent nation, the United States of America.

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