South Korea

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South Korea : 

South Korea Present Mrs.Panida Tasee By Miss Sasithorn thanchaiyapoom No.534302233 Class ศ5304

South Korean culture : 

South Korean culture South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in 1945. Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighbouring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique and distinct cultural identity from its larger neighbour.The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.

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The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way Korean people live.Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.

Korean art : 

Korean art Celadon from the Goryeo Dynasty

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Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts. [Korean pottery and porcelain , such as Joseon 's baekja and buncheong , and Goryeo 's celadon are well known throughout the world. The Korean tea ceremony , pansori , talchum and buchaechum are also notable Korean performing arts

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Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the 1960s and 1970s, when South Korean Artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects. Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Due to social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the 1980s. Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. The Olympic Sculpture Garden in 1988, the transposition of the 1993 edition of the Whitney Biennial to Seoul, the creation of the Gwangju Biennale and the Korean Pavilion at the Venice Biennale in 1995 were notable events.

Architecture of South Korea : 

Architecture of South Korea Modern skyline of Seoul and the Deoksugung palace

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Hwaseong Fortress , a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Korean cuisine : 

Korean cuisine Korean cuisine, hanguk yori (한국요리; 韓國料理), or hansik (한식; 韓食), has evolved through centuries of social and political change. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day. Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.

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Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Traditional Korean meals are noted for the number of side dishes, banchan (반찬), which accompany steam-cooked short-grain rice. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan. Kimchi , a fermented, usually spicy vegetable dish is commonly served at every meal and is one of the best known Korean dishes. Korean cuisine usually involves heavy seasoning with sesame oil , doenjang (된장), a type of fermented soybean paste , soy sauce , salt, garlic, ginger, and gochujang (고추장), a hot pepper paste.

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Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal. Soups known as guk (국) are often made with meats, shellfish and vegetables. Similar to guk, tang (탕) has less water, and is more often served in restaurants. Another type is jjigae (찌개), a stew that is typically heavily seasoned with chili pepper and served boiling hot.

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Food in South Korea

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โสมเกาหลี กิมจิ (김치)

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“บิบิมบับ”หรือ “ข้าวยำ” ... ไก่ตุ๋นโสมเกาหลี

Education in South Korea : 

Education in South Korea Education in South Korea is regarded as being crucial to one's success, and competition is consequently very heated and fierce. In the 2006 results of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment , South Korea came first in problem solving , third in mathematics and seventh in science . South Korea's education system is technologically advanced and it is the world's first country to bring high-speed fibre-optic broadband internet access to every primary and secondary school nation-wide. Using this infrastructure, the country has developed the first Digital Textbooks in the world, which will be distributed for free to every primary and secondary school nation-wide by 2013.

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A centralised administration in South Korea oversees the process for the education of children from kindergarten to the third and final year of high school. South Korea has adopted a new educational program to increase the number of their foreign students through 2010. According to Ministry of Education, Science and Technology estimate, by that time, the number of scholarships for foreign students in South Korea will be doubled, and the number of foreign students will reach 100,000. The school year is divided into two semesters, the first of which begins in the beginning of March and ends in mid-July, the second of which begins in late August and ends in mid-February. The schedules are not uniformly standardized and vary from school to school. Most South Korean middle schools and high schools have school uniforms, modeled on western-style uniforms. Boys' uniforms usually consists of trousers and white shirts, and girls wear skirts and white shirts.

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