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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Welcome presentation onGood Governance : 1 Welcome presentation onGood Governance Major Contents : Major Contents Governance Good Governance Characteristics of Good governance Pillars of Good governance Key requirements of good governance obstacles of Good governance Corruption, Media , ethics and Good governance 2 Slide 3: 3 ÕkvmbÕ ev ÕcwiPvjbvÕ(Governance)-Gi msÁv : ÕkvmbÕ ev ÕcwiPvjbvÕ(Governance)-Gi msÁv kvmbÕ n‡”Q Ggb GKwU c×wZ, †hLv‡b GKwU cwiKwíZ cªwµqvi gva¨‡g †Kvb ivóª, ms¯’v, mgvR cwiPvjbvi †¶‡Î wm×vš&Z I bxwZ MÖnb Kiv n‡q _v‡K| memgqB †`Lv hvq, GKwU miKvi GB wm×všZ I bxwZ wbav©iY K‡i _v‡K Ges iv÷ª kvmb ev cwiPvjbv K‡i _v‡K| kvmbÕ ev ÕcwiPvjbvÕ(Governance)-Gi msÁv : kvmbÕ ev ÕcwiPvjbvÕ(Governance)-Gi msÁv ivóª cwiPvjbvi cÖ‡qvR‡b miKvi Øviv †`‡k we`¨gvb wewfbœ cªwZôvb †hgb, wePvi wefvM, wbe©vnx wefvM, ¯’vbxq miKvi, wk¶v I ¯^v¯’¨ wefvM BZ¨vw`i e¨envi, cÖkvmwbK KvVv‡gvi e¨envi, A_ev mgvR I A_©bxwZ‡Z m¤ú‡`i e¨envi wbqš¿Y Kiv| 5 kvmbÕ ev ÕcwiPvjbvÕ(Governance)-Gi msÁv : kvmbÕ ev ÕcwiPvjbvÕ(Governance)-Gi msÁv wek¦ e¨sK ej‡Q, kvmb n‡”Q ivR‰bwZK KZ…©‡Z¡i e¨envi Ges wewfbœ cÖwZôvb I cªvwZôvwbK m¤ú‡`i e¨env‡ii gva¨‡g mvgvwRK mgm¨v¸wji mgvavbg~jK e¨e¯’vcbv| 6 Governance : Governance “Governance" means: the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented). Governance can be used in several contexts such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance and local governance. 7 mvavibZ: kvmb msNwUZ nq wZbwU g~j Dcv‡q - : mvavibZ: kvmb msNwUZ nq wZbwU g~j Dcv‡q - Av‡ivwcZ (Top-down planning) c×wZi gva¨‡g cªwZ‡hvwMZvg~jK evRvi e¨e¯’vi gva¨‡g miKvix Ges †emiKvix ms¯’vi †bUIqv‡K©i gva¨‡g (public-private partnership) A_ev KgywbwUwfwËK msMVb¸wji mv‡_ †hŠ_ e¨e¯’vcbvq| 8 mykvmb (GOOD GOVERNANCE) : mykvmb (GOOD GOVERNANCE) miKvi Ges Gi wewfbœ wefvM, msweavb Ges ivóªxq AvB‡bi cÖwZ kª×v †i‡L, RbM‡Yi †mevi j‡¶¨, mZZv, `¶Zv, mgZv, ¯^”QZv, Revew`wnZvi mv‡_ iv÷ª cwiPvjbv Ki‡e| mykvmb Gi D‡Ïk¨ n‡e ivR‰bwZK, mvgvwRK, A_©‰bwZK, mvs¯‹„wZK Ges cwi‡ekMZ Dbœqb| 9 In international affairs, analysis of good governance can look at any of the following relationships: : In international affairs, analysis of good governance can look at any of the following relationships: between governments and markets between governments and citizens between governments and the private or voluntary sector between elected officials and appointed officials between local institutions and urban and rural dwellers between legislature and executive branches, and between nation states and institutions. 10 8 Characteristics of good governance : 8 Characteristics of good governance 11 Slide 12: 12 How will understand that we are living in good governance? Lets go to the discussion Slide 13: 13 Pillars of good governance Political Parties Civil Society Civil Service Media Executive : 14 Executive President Prime Minister Cabinet 37 Ministries/49 Divisions 1 Million public employees 29 cadres of BCS Legislature : Legislature 300 members 5% time in law making – 8th quorum crisis Sanding committee- delays and backlogs 18% of audit reports (1972-2002) 15 Judiciary : Judiciary 1 m pending cases 9 corruption cases Lower courts most corrupt 16 Auditor General’s Office : Auditor General’s Office Constitutionally independent Operationally dependent Report submitted via PM Limited performance audit – mainly regularity & compliance Delayed submission Audit/ Accounting functions 17 Anti Corruption Commission (ACC) : Anti Corruption Commission (ACC) Legally independent Dysfunctional Inadequate resources Poor human resources Lack of rules and policy Lack of political willingness 18 Election commission : Election commission Constitutionally independent – Art 118 Caretaker Government Removal similar to judges – Art 96(5) Lack of capacity to expedite election irregularities 19 Media : Media 39 freedom of press 25 restrictive laws (1923-2003) Media ownership restricted Reporters without borders – poor ranking Use of advertising ETV, Channel 1, Amar Desh 20 Civil Service : Civil Service 29 cadres & other services Insensitive and bureaucratic Political, unhealthy service conditions Merit is not primary criterion (55% quota ) No whistle blower’s protection 21 Political Parties : Political Parties Representation of the people order 1972. Limited compliance of election expense return 74-in 2001. No/ false public disclosure Funds used illegally – buying votes. 22 Civil Society : Civil Society Growing & vibrant NGOs role Few advocacy groups Environment & women’s rights. 23 Slide 24: 24 On the basis of discussion, Pl tell me- are we really living in good governance ? Off course not. We are living in ....... Slide 25: 25 Slide 26: 26 How can over come this situation ? ? Slide 27: 1-3 Key requirements of good governance What does this picture mean? : 28 What does this picture mean? obstacles of Good governance : obstacles of Good governance a) Ignorance b) Corruption, c) Politicization of administration, d) Weak democratic institutions, e) Ineffective parliament, f) Absence of the rule of law and g) Absence of meritocracy etc. 29 Ethics : Ethics Ethics’ is derived from the Greek word ethos, which means good and bad, right and wrong and should and should not related concept or philosophical idea (Khan,1985). 30 Ethics & Good governance : Ethics & Good governance 01. Public Administration: Public administration is an organized body of government officials engaged in the implementation of public policy. Public officials not only implement policies, they are closely involved in policy formulation as well. Public Administration: : Public Administration: It has been widely acknowledged that public administration has mainly three goals to achieve in a modern society: 1) to serve public interest; 2) to establish rule of law; and 3) to reflect people’s expectations in governmental works 32 In administrative context, ethics involves the application of moral principles to the conduct of officials in organizations: : In administrative context, ethics involves the application of moral principles to the conduct of officials in organizations: Ask what changes are needed in the attitudes and work practices of the public officials to: serve citizens and be fair and friendly in that service; be accountable for what they do to management, to clients and to the public in general; and remain vigilant against corruption, and not allow a conflict of interest in their work? 02. Control over Administration : 02. Control over Administration to implement public policy with efficiency and economy. The development of positive mentality of public bureaucracy toward public welfare the administrators sometimes may take unethical or antidemocratic decisions. the quality of public administration of a country largely depends on the honesty and integrity of its administrators 03. Administrative Discretion and Ethics : 03. Administrative Discretion and Ethics In a modern society, field level administrators are authorized to take decisions on many complex issues owing to local variations, needs and circumstances. There may be no specific legal directive to address those issues. In such cases, administrators have to depend on their own sense of judgment in making decisions. Decisions like these are called administrative discretion. 35 Case of Ethics : Case of Ethics Case-01: Magistrates in Bangladesh and the OCs (Officers-in-Charge) of the Upazilas (sub-districts) are empowered under Section 54 of the BCrPC (Bangladesh Criminal Procedure Code) to arrest any individual who seems to them prejudicial to state or social order and keep him/her confined in custody without bail for 24 hours. 36 `~bx©wZ : `~bx©wZ 38 A¨vg‡bwó B›Uvib¨vkbvj Gi aviYv m~PK Abyhvqx Òew³ ¯^v‡_© miKvix Kvh©vjq Ace¨envi KivB `ybx©wZ| Avevi miKvix ¶gZv Ace¨envi K‡i e¨w³MZ myweav Av`vq Ki‡j ZvI `ybx©wZ e‡j Mb¨ n‡e| †hgb miKvix gvjvgvj msMÖn Ki‡Z miKvix Kg©KZ©v‡`i Dr†KvP MÖnYÓ Slide 39: 39 Case of Corruption : Case of Corruption 40 KóKi RxeYaviY `ybx©wZi djvdj: : `ybx©wZi djvdj: Rb¯^v_© RjvÄwj w`‡q e¨w³¯^v_© AR©b `vwi`ª I AwePvi e„w× mykvmb Ges MYZ‡š¿i wfwË‡Z `ye©jZv m„wó evRvi e¨e¯’v weK…Z K‡i A_©‰bwZK Dbœqb‡K k¦vmi“× Kiv Aciva cªeYZv, mvgvwRK nZvmv, cvi¯úwiK Am‡š—vl Ges wbivcËvnxbZvi cwi‡ek 41 Slide 42: GKwU wnmv‡e †`Lv †M‡Q `ybx©wZi Kvi‡Y A_©‰bwZK cÖe„w× M‡o 3% Kg nq| Gi KviY¸‡jv nj: ‰e‡`wkK wewb‡qvM AcmvwiZ nIqv Ges Dbœqb mn‡hvMxZvq `vZv‡Mvôxi wbi“rmvn| †hgb `ybx©wZi Kvi‡Y US Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) project ‡_‡K evsjv‡`‡ki ev` cov `ybx©wZi Kvi‡Y ˆe‡`wkK gy`ªv bô nIqv| †hgb ¯^vaxbZvi ci †_‡K evsjv‡`k Dbœqb Kg©Kv‡Û 35 wewjqb Wjvi mvnvh¨ †c‡jI Zvi 75% Gi †ekx bô n‡q‡Q `ybx©wZi Kvi‡Y `ybx©wZi me‡P‡q eo wkKvi nj `wi`ª †kªYx| AZ¨vek¨K †mev mg~n †hgb wk¶v, ¯^v¯’¨, wePvi, e¨w³MZ wbivcËv cªvwßi welq¸wj m¤ú~Y©fv‡eB Abbygw`Z ¶gZv e¨env‡ii Dci wbfikxj n‡q c‡o‡Q| MDG Ges PRS Gi j¶¨ AR©‡b me‡P‡q eo cÖwZeÜKZv nj `ybx©wZ Slide 43: 43 Slide 44: 44 Slide 45: 45 Slide 46: 46 `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx : `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx `ybx©wZ `g‡bi mv‡_ mswkó cÖwZôvbmg~n kw³kvjx Kiv RvZxq msm` - ÷¨vwÛs KwgwU Gw·wKDwUf‡`i f~wgKv wbi‡c¶ Ges AivR‰bwZK cvewjK mvwf©m Kwgkb ¯^”Q Ges cÖwZ‡hvMxZvg~jK miKvix msMÖn (Procurement) DbœZ g~`ªv e¨e¯’vcbv cÖwZ‡hvMxZvg~jK Ges mvgvwRKfv‡e `vqe× miKvix cÖwZôvb ¯^vaxb wePvi e¨e¯’v ‡ckv`vi AvBb cÖ‡qvM cÖwZôvb - cywjk 47 `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx : `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx bxwi¶v wefvM ¯^vaxb `ybx©wZ `gb Kwgkb D”P ¶gZv m¤úbœ ¯’vbxq miKvi ¯^vaxb Ges wbi‡c¶ msev` gva¨g - Z_¨cÖvwß Z`š— wefvM mywkj mgvR - bvMwiK AwaKvi Ges bvMwiK Av‡›`vjb ‡mv”Pvi Avš—R©vwZK mgvR 48 `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx : `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx bxwZ cybM©Vb I cÖvwZôvwbK cwieZ©‡b miKv‡ii mv‡_ KvR Kiv cÖPvi gva¨‡gi mvnv‡h¨ gZvgZ MÖnY I m‡PZbZv m„wó - †Uwjwfkb, weÁvcb, wej †evW©, †cv÷vi, w÷Kvi BZ¨vw` 49 `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx : `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx `ybx©wZ `g‡b RbMY‡K m¤ú„³ Kiv m‡PZb RbM‡Yi KwgwU ˆZix Kiv Rbm‡PZbZv I AskMÖnYg~jK cÖPvivwfRvb - †mwgbvi, Kg©kvjv, i¨vwj, †Mvj‡Uwej ˆeVK, we‡kl NUbv/w`b D¾vcb miKvix Kg©KZ©v I cÖwZwbwa‡`i‡K ‡cÖlbv g~jK Ges wbw`©ó `ybx©wZ `gb welq msµvš— Kvh©vejx‡Z wbhy³ Kiv GKvZ¡Zvi wek¦ ˆZix Kiv - gva¨g wnmv‡e wi‡cvU©KvW© c×wZ e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i 50 `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx : `ybx©wZ †gvKv‡ejvq KiYxq welqvejx `ybx©wZ wbe©vPb‡K›`ª (Constituencies) wbg©vY msev` gva¨g, miKvi, GbwRI Ges Dbœqb mn‡hvMx‡`i mv‡_ GK‡hv‡M KvR Kiv m`m¨c`, eÜzZ¡, †d‡jvwkc, BbUªvÝwkc †¯^”Qv‡meK `j, w_‡qUvi Ges Ab¨vb¨ mvs¯‹…wZK msN Ges bvMwiK wk¶vq Zi“Y‡`i‡K Aš—f©~³ Kiv 51 Slide 52: 52 Governance TYPES OF Governance : 53 TYPES OF Governance Autocratic Participative Involved Empowering VS. VS. ? : 54 ? Thanks for your patience : 55 Thanks for your patience You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.