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Imperialism : 

Aim: What land did America take during the Spanish-American War? Imperialism

Do Now : 

Do Now 1. “The United States is the best country in the world.” 2. “The world would be a better place if the United States controlled everybody.” 3. “America should be allowed to use its military to make more money.” 4. “If America wins a war, it should be able to keep any land that it captures.” 5. “I trust the American government to pursue freedom and justice around the world.”

Slide 3: 

1. The Spanish-American War was supposedly fought to make the Spanish leave Cuba and free the Cubans from Spanish rule.

Notes : 

Notes 2. However, the United States also attacked Spanish colonies of: A. The Philippines B. Puerto Rico

Notes : 

Notes 3. After the war, the American government kept its promise and gave Cuba its independence.

Slide 7: 

4. However, America also took part of Cuba called Guantanamo Bay.  5. That base is still used today by the USA.

Slide 8: 

What is this cartoonist suggesting about Cuba’s freedom after the Span-Am War?

Slide 9: 

6. It is used to hold prisoners from America’s War on Terror.

Slide 10: 

On January 22, 2009, President Obama signed an executive order requesting that Guantanamo Bay military bases be closed within a year.

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7. The United States also decided to keep the Spanish territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.

Slide 12: 

8. When a country is constantly expanding and taking land across the world, that is called imperialism.

Document 1: : 

Document 1: At the very beginning of the Spanish-American War, America needed to invade Cuba. However, the American Army needed a good, out-of-the-way place for their ships could land. The American Army decided to land at Guantanamo Bay, on the Southeastern tip of Cuba. Throughout the Spanish-American War, Guantanamo Bay served as a base for the U.S military. When the war was over, America kept its word and gave Cuba its independence. However, President Theodore Roosevelt wanted to keep the base at Guantanamo Bay, so ships could re-fuel there. President Roosevelt forced Cuba to sign a treaty called the Cuban-American Treaty. The treaty allowed America to use Guantanamo Bay for 99 years. In return, America promised to pay Cuba 2,000 gold coins a year. In 1933, the treaty was extended. As a result, America claims that it can now keep Guantanamo Bay as long as it likes. However, Cuba’s government—which is now led by anti-American Fidel Castro—says that America’s lease has expired. Cuba now says that America should give the base back to Cuba. So far, though, America has refused.

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Document 2:

Slide 15: 

Document 3: Puerto Rico After the United States conquered Puerto Rico from Spain during, it made the island into an American territory. Puerto Rico is not a state, but an American commonwealth. Like states, all Puerto Ricans are American citizens. However, they are not allowed to vote in national elections. On the plus side, Puerto Ricans do not have to pay taxes. Every few years, Puerto Rico holds a referendum, or election, to decide its future. The results are in the table above.

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Document 4:

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