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Founded in 1336 as a result of the political and cultural movement against the Tughluq authority in the south. Over the next 200 plus years (1336 AD – 1565 AD) four dynasties ruled VijayanagarSlide 3: The Sangama History (1336 – 1485) : The empire of Vijaynagar was founded by Harihara – I and Bukka, two of the five sons of Sangama. They were originally feudatories of Kakatiyas. Harihara – I was the first ruler. A Bhakti saint Vidyaranya motivated them. The next ruler was Deva Raya – I. He constructed a dam across the river Tungabhadra to bring die canals into die city to relieve die shortage of water. Italian traveler Nicolo Conti visited during his reign (Also a Russian merchant, Nikitin). His court was adorned by the gifted Telegu poet Srinatha, the author of Haravilasam. There was a ‘Pearl Hall’ in the palace where he honored men of eminence. Devaraya – II (1423 – 46) was the greatest Sangama ruler. During his time, Vijaynagar became the most wealthy and powerful state. The commoners believed that he was the in carnation of Indra. The inscriptions speak of his tide ‘Gajabetekara’ i.e., die elephant hunter. He wrote ‘Mahanataka Sudhanidhi’ and a commentary on die Brahma Sutras of Badaryana (Both in Sanskrit). Persian ambassador Abdur Razzaq visited his court. Sangama dynasty was replaced by Saluva dynasty, which lasted for 2 decades. Ultimately, a new dynasty called the Tuluva dynasty (1503 – 69) was founded by Vira Narsimha.Slide 4: The History of Tuluvas : Krishnadeva Raya (1509 – 29) was their greatest ruler. Portuguese traveller, Domingo! Paes writes high about him. Berbosa also came as a traveler. He was a warrior, an administrator and a patron of art and literature. His political ideas are contained in his Telegu work ‘Amuktamalyada’ (also Jambavati Kalyanam in Sanskrit). As a great patron of literature, he was known as Abhinava Bhoja, Andhra Pitamaha and Andhra Bhoja. Eight great poets of Telegu, known as ‘Ashta Diggaja’ adorned his court. Pedanna wrote Manucharitam, while Tenalirama was the author of Panduranga Mahamatyam. Built a new city ‘Nagalapuram’ and decorated it with Hazura temple and Vithalswamy temple. The successors of Krishnadeva Raya were weak and incompetent rulers. Achyuta Raya followed him. A Portuguese traveler Fernoa Nuniz came during his reign. Sadasiva, the last ruler of the dynasty, was a puppet in the hands of his PM, Rama Raya, who was an able but arrogant man. In 1565, Battle of Talikota was fought between an alliance of Ahmednagar, Bijapur, Golkonda and Bidar on one side and Sadasiva on the other side. Sadashiv was defeated. After that, Aravidu dynasty was found by Rama Raya’s brother, Thirumala. Aravidu dynasty lingered on for almost 100 Years, but no political influence. Caesor Fredrick (1567 – 68 AD) visited Vijaynagar after the Battle of Talikota.Slide 5: Vina (musical instrument) acquired a prominent place in the Vijayanagar Empire. The Nayakar and Ayagar Systems : The Nayakar and Ayagar systems were the backbones of the Vijayanagar administration. The Nayakar System : Under this system, military chiefs were assigned certain pieces of land called amaram. These chiefs, known as nayaks, had revenue and administrative rights on their lands. They were required I to maintain elephants, horses and soldiers in certain numbers which were included in the royal I army during wars. They also had to pay a sum of money to the central exchequer. In course of time, nayaks began to assert their military, administrative and economic powers which later became a major cause of the decline of the Vijayanagar empire. The Ayagar System : It involved the constitution of a 12 – member officials group by the Centre to maintain administration at the village level. These officials, called the ayagars, were village functionaries and constituted of groups of families. They were given, for their service, a portion, of or plot in the village, which were tax – free. The ayagars were hereditary officials and there was to be no sale or purchase of land without their permission.Slide 6: Sri Krishna Deva Raya (1509-1529 CE) was the most famous king of Vijayanagara empire . Presiding over the empire at its zenith, he is regarded as a hero by Kannadigas and Telugu people, and one of the great kings of India. Emperor Krishna Deva Raya also earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana Mooru Rayara Ganda (meaning King of three kings) and Andhra Bhoja. Much of the information about his reign comes from the accounts of Portuguese travelers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz. Krishna Deva Raya was assisted in administration by the very able prime minister Timmarusu, who was revered by the king as a father figure and was responsible for his corronation. Krishna Deva Raya was the son of Nagala Devi and Tuluva Narasa Nayakaan army commander under Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya, who later took control of the reign of the empire to prevent it from disintegration. The king's coronation took place on the birthday of Lord Krishna and his earliest inscription is from July 26, 1509 CE. He built a beautiful suburb near Vijayanagara called Nagalapura in memory of his mother. About Sri Krishna Deva RayaVijayanagara Empire Rulers List: Vijayanagara Empire Rulers List Harihara Raya I 1336-1356 Bukka Raya I 1356-1377 Harihara Raya II 1377-1404 Virupaksha Raya 1404-1405 Bukka Raya II 1405-1406 Deva Raya I 1406-1422 Ramachandra Raya 1422 Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya 1422-1424 Deva Raya II 1424-1446 Mallikarjuna Raya 1446-1465 Virupaksha Raya II 1465-1485 Praudha Raya 1485 Sangama DynastySlide 8: Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya 1485-1491 Thimma Bhupala 1491 Narasimha Raya II 1491-1505 Aliya Rama Raya 1542-1565 Tirumala Deva Raya 1565-1572 Sriranga I 1572-1586 Venkata II 1586-1614 Sriranga II 1614-1614 Ramadeva 1617-1632 Venkata III 1632-1642 Sriranga III 1642-1646 Tuluva Narasa Nayaka 1491-1503 Viranarasimha Raya 1503-1509 Krishna Deva Raya1509-1529 Achyuta Deva Raya 1529-1542 Sadasiva Raya 1542-1570 Tuluva Dynasty Saluva Dynasty Aravidu DynastySlide 9: Astadiggajas Astadiggajas (Telugu: అష్టదిగ్గజులు) is the collective title given to the eight Telugu poets in the court of the emperor Sri Krishnadevaraya who ruled the Vijayanagara empire from 1509 until his death in 1529. During his reign, Telugu literature and culture reached its zenith. In his court, eight poets were regarded as the eight pillars of his literary assembly. The age of Astadiggajsa is called Prabhanda Age (1540 AD to 1600).  All of the Astadiggajalu had composed at least one Prabandha Kavyamu and it was Astadiggajalu who gave Prabhanda its present form.  Most of the Astadiggajas are from southern part of present day Andhra Pradesh state ( Andhra , Nellore )  and Astadiggajas, Allasani Peddana , Dhurjati , Nandi Thimmana , Madayyagari Mallana and Ayyalaraju Ramabhadrudu are from the Rayalaseema region. Tenali Ramakrishnudu hailed from the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh .Slide 10: Allasani Peddana , Nandi Thimmana , Madayyagari Mallana , Dhurjati , Ayyalaraju Ramambhadrudu , Pingali Surana , Ramarajabhushanudu , and Tenali Ramakrishnudu . Astadiggajas Names Tenali Ramakrishnudu Allasani Peddana Nandi ThimmanaList of Cultural & Traditional Images: List of Cultural & Traditional ImagesHampi - Kingdom of Vijayanagar Empire. : Hampi - Kingdom of Vijayanagar Empire.Greate King of Vijayanagara Emporer: Greate King of Vijayanagara Emporer Sri Krishna Deva Raya is also one of the greate poet.. His written in “Amuktha Malyada” poet in Tulava Language... Mooru Rayaraganda Andhra Bhoja Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana Malla Rayer Title of Sri Krishna Deva RayaEnd of the Tour from Vijayanagara Emporer: End of the Tour from Vijayanagara Emporer Thank You You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.