logging in or signing up Special Education Needs aSGuest79828 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1288 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: December 22, 2010 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description Significance of SEN in the present scenario Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript WELCOME ALL OF YOUTO A SESSION ON : WELCOME ALL OF YOUTO A SESSION ON SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS : SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS WHAT? : WHAT? Special education is the process of making educational provision to meet special needs of children which cannot be satisfied by the present arrangements available in ordinary schools (Jangira,1986) SEN-CHILD WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS : SEN-CHILD WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS Origin – British Research -U S A Integrated Education Positive concerned with abilities and disabilities Definition : Definition Specially designed instruction which meets the unique needs of an exceptional child (Hallahan & Kauffman,1978). EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN : EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN Special need children To be exceptional-to be rare and unusual Deviate intellectually , physically, emotionally and socially Needs are different from majority of the children in society Cannot benefit from regular school programme Need special class or special instruction to grow Challenging field EXCEPTIONALITY : EXCEPTIONALITY Sub-normal Handicapped Disabled Exceptional Special Impaired W H O : W H O IMPAIRMENT : IMPAIRMENT abnormalities of body structure, appearance, and organ or system function resulting from any cause disturbance at the organ level May cause functional limitations e.g. ;a hole in the ear drum, missing or defective part of the body,myopia Leads to Disability DISABILITY : DISABILITY Reflects the consequence of the impairment Difficulty in performing one or more activities Reduction in functional ability E.g. ;unable to hear normally due to the hole in the eardrum May be short term, long term or permanent HANDICAP : HANDICAP Restriction imposed or acquired by the child’s disability which affects the efficiency of his/her day today life activities Disadvantages experienced due to impairments or disabilities Disability handicaps the individual E.g.; child with artificial limb may be handicapped when competing against non-disabled peers in a football match but experiences no handicap in the classroom Exceptional children-Needs & problems : Exceptional children-Needs & problems Similar to and different from non-exceptional children Vary according to the degree of deviation and type of exceptionality Common needs and problems (education, independent functioning, respect for individuality) Specific disabilities Equality of educational opportunity Special aids, equipments, learning materials Special education programmes Incentives and financial assistance (conveyance allowances, allowances for purchase of learning materials, uniform dress etc.) SIGNIFICANCE : SIGNIFICANCE Helps to meet Individual differences Early identification and assessment Necessary to give different kinds of education and treatment according to their abilities and potentialities Special instruction or learning methods, special syllabi, special teachers, special schools and classrooms Pay attention at the right moment to make them useful members of the society Parents, teachers, and educational planners can understand their problems Make them adaptive, productive, and independent Early intervention to prevent a handicapping condition from becoming a serious one for remediation of learning problems Parent counselling Training in daily living skills. self-help skills pre-academic skill and communication skills Rehabilitation of the handicapped JUSTIFICATION : JUSTIFICATION Objectives-human resource development, national development, social reconstruction, civic development, vocational efficiency etc. Exceptional children-cannot be reached by normal educational methods and systems Democratic country -right to education Equality of opportunity Education commission-on humanitarian &on grounds of utility. Prepare them for adjustment to a socio-cultural environment Constitutional directive on compulsory education SPECIAL ELEMENTS : SPECIAL ELEMENTS LEARNER : children with special needs. visual, auditory, orthopaedic, emotional, speech and language, cultural, learning, intellectual and gifted. MAIN FEATURES : MAIN FEATURES Provides for the unique needs of each child Provides for individual attention to each child Develops basic living skills for personal independence MAIN FEATURES…… : MAIN FEATURES…… Provides a variety of experiences to the child according to age and functional level Provides a structured learning programme for the child in accord with his deficit skills Enables the child to gain social, emotional, and intellectual development. MAIN FEATURES…… : MAIN FEATURES…… Conducted for the child by especially trained teachers certified in special education. Arranges for professionals to assist the child if needed. Identifies problems of children and suggest ways and means to manage them. Helps and guides parents WHO NEEDS HELP? : WHO NEEDS HELP? Visually Impaired Hearing Impaired Speech Impairment Orthopaedically Handicapped Socially Disadvantaged Culturally Deprived Emotionally Disturbed Intellectually Disabled Gifted VISUAL IMPAIRMENT : VISUAL IMPAIRMENT AUDITORY IMPAIRMENT : AUDITORY IMPAIRMENT ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED : ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED : ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED : SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED CULTURALLY DEPRIVED : CULTURALLY DEPRIVED CULTURALLY DEPRIVED : CULTURALLY DEPRIVED EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED : EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED : INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED GIFTED : GIFTED GIFTED : GIFTED CREATIVITY : CREATIVITY CREATIVITY : CREATIVITY CREATIVITY : CREATIVITY CREATIVITY : CREATIVITY CREATIVITY : CREATIVITY CREATIVITY : CREATIVITY CAN YOU? : CAN YOU? YOU CAN!!!! : YOU CAN!!!! Thank you all : Thank you all Dr Hemaletha P K Assistant Professor in Social Science St Joseph College of Teacher Education for Women Ernakulam You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.