Special Education Needs

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Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Significance of SEN in the present scenario

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WELCOME ALL OF YOUTO A SESSION ON : 

WELCOME ALL OF YOUTO A SESSION ON

SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS : 

SPECIAL EDUCATION NEEDS

WHAT? : 

WHAT? Special education is the process of making educational provision to meet special needs of children which cannot be satisfied by the present arrangements available in ordinary schools (Jangira,1986)

SEN-CHILD WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS : 

SEN-CHILD WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS Origin – British Research -U S A Integrated Education Positive concerned with abilities and disabilities

Definition : 

Definition Specially designed instruction which meets the unique needs of an exceptional child (Hallahan & Kauffman,1978).

EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN : 

EXCEPTIONAL CHILDREN Special need children To be exceptional-to be rare and unusual Deviate intellectually , physically, emotionally and socially Needs are different from majority of the children in society Cannot benefit from regular school programme Need special class or special instruction to grow Challenging field

EXCEPTIONALITY : 

EXCEPTIONALITY Sub-normal Handicapped Disabled Exceptional Special Impaired

W H O : 

W H O

IMPAIRMENT : 

IMPAIRMENT abnormalities of body structure, appearance, and organ or system function resulting from any cause disturbance at the organ level May cause functional limitations e.g. ;a hole in the ear drum, missing or defective part of the body,myopia Leads to Disability

DISABILITY : 

DISABILITY Reflects the consequence of the impairment Difficulty in performing one or more activities Reduction in functional ability E.g. ;unable to hear normally due to the hole in the eardrum May be short term, long term or permanent

HANDICAP : 

HANDICAP Restriction imposed or acquired by the child’s disability which affects the efficiency of his/her day today life activities Disadvantages experienced due to impairments or disabilities Disability handicaps the individual E.g.; child with artificial limb may be handicapped when competing against non-disabled peers in a football match but experiences no handicap in the classroom

Exceptional children-Needs & problems : 

Exceptional children-Needs & problems Similar to and different from non-exceptional children Vary according to the degree of deviation and type of exceptionality Common needs and problems (education, independent functioning, respect for individuality) Specific disabilities Equality of educational opportunity Special aids, equipments, learning materials Special education programmes Incentives and financial assistance (conveyance allowances, allowances for purchase of learning materials, uniform dress etc.)

SIGNIFICANCE : 

SIGNIFICANCE Helps to meet Individual differences Early identification and assessment Necessary to give different kinds of education and treatment according to their abilities and potentialities Special instruction or learning methods, special syllabi, special teachers, special schools and classrooms Pay attention at the right moment to make them useful members of the society Parents, teachers, and educational planners can understand their problems Make them adaptive, productive, and independent Early intervention to prevent a handicapping condition from becoming a serious one for remediation of learning problems Parent counselling Training in daily living skills. self-help skills pre-academic skill and communication skills Rehabilitation of the handicapped

JUSTIFICATION : 

JUSTIFICATION Objectives-human resource development, national development, social reconstruction, civic development, vocational efficiency etc. Exceptional children-cannot be reached by normal educational methods and systems Democratic country -right to education Equality of opportunity Education commission-on humanitarian &on grounds of utility. Prepare them for adjustment to a socio-cultural environment Constitutional directive on compulsory education

SPECIAL ELEMENTS : 

SPECIAL ELEMENTS LEARNER : children with special needs. visual, auditory, orthopaedic, emotional, speech and language, cultural, learning, intellectual and gifted.

MAIN FEATURES : 

MAIN FEATURES Provides for the unique needs of each child Provides for individual attention to each child Develops basic living skills for personal independence

MAIN FEATURES…… : 

MAIN FEATURES…… Provides a variety of experiences to the child according to age and functional level Provides a structured learning programme for the child in accord with his deficit skills Enables the child to gain social, emotional, and intellectual development.

MAIN FEATURES…… : 

MAIN FEATURES…… Conducted for the child by especially trained teachers certified in special education. Arranges for professionals to assist the child if needed. Identifies problems of children and suggest ways and means to manage them. Helps and guides parents

WHO NEEDS HELP? : 

WHO NEEDS HELP? Visually Impaired Hearing Impaired Speech Impairment Orthopaedically Handicapped Socially Disadvantaged Culturally Deprived Emotionally Disturbed Intellectually Disabled Gifted

VISUAL IMPAIRMENT : 

VISUAL IMPAIRMENT

AUDITORY IMPAIRMENT : 

AUDITORY IMPAIRMENT

ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED : 

ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED

ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED : 

ORTHOPAEDICALLY HANDICAPPED

SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED : 

SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED

CULTURALLY DEPRIVED : 

CULTURALLY DEPRIVED

CULTURALLY DEPRIVED : 

CULTURALLY DEPRIVED

EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED : 

EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED

INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED : 

INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED

GIFTED : 

GIFTED

GIFTED : 

GIFTED

CREATIVITY : 

CREATIVITY

CREATIVITY : 

CREATIVITY

CREATIVITY : 

CREATIVITY

CREATIVITY : 

CREATIVITY

CREATIVITY : 

CREATIVITY

CREATIVITY : 

CREATIVITY

CAN YOU? : 

CAN YOU?

YOU CAN!!!! : 

YOU CAN!!!!

Thank you all : 

Thank you all Dr Hemaletha P K Assistant Professor in Social Science St Joseph College of Teacher Education for Women Ernakulam

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