logging in or signing up Environment and Development aSGuest7747 Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 1902 Category: Others/ Misc License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: December 22, 2008 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Environment and Development : Environment and Development What do we want to accomplish today? Dispelling Myths What is sustainablity? GDP – what is it? Why is it important? NDP – What is it? How is it useful? Income – Hicksian concept of Income Natural Capital - what is it? Why is it important? Green GDP – what, why and how??? Green GDP: The Importance of Valuing the Environment : Green GDP: The Importance of Valuing the Environment Land Economics 1997 Environment and Development 2000 Environmental Science&Technology2000 UNEP/World Bank 2000 GDP : GDP The market value of all final goods and services produced inside a nation within a given period of time. NDP : NDP NDP = GDP – Dm NDP = Income INCOME : INCOME Hicksian Income – The amount that can be consumed during a week and still leave the individual as well off at the end of the week. The main objective is to keep capital intact. NATURAL CAPITAL : NATURAL CAPITAL Forests, minerals, Marine Ecosystems, fossil fuels 1) Natural Capital 2)Environmental Services ForestsNatural Capital : ForestsNatural Capital Fiber Fuel ForestsEnvironmental Capital : ForestsEnvironmental Capital Water quality Biodiversity Carbon storage Aesthetics GREEN GDP : GREEN GDP The goal of Green GDP is to properly treat changes in Natural Capital so that Green GDP is truly a measure of the maximum amount that could be consumed now without reducing consumption in the future (Horan et al, 2000) “The national income accounts of developing countries often include large credits for resource extraction, with no offsetting depletion charge. The result can be a GDP that reflects a false sense of relative income and economic prosperity” (Davis and Moore 2000). GGDP = NDP – Dn GREEN GDPNDP - Dn : GREEN GDPNDP - Dn Zimbabwe 1980 – 1989 (2% reduction) Brazil 1978 1993 – GDP (.7%) GDP – Dn = .3% Indonesia 1980s GDP (7.1%) GDP – Dn = 4% WHY NOT MORE? : WHY NOT MORE? The very nature of ecosystems – their complexity in structure and function – makes understanding the consequences of ecosystem damage a daunting task even for ecologists.” (V.K. Smith 2000) Theoretical Difficulties Methodological Difficulties Theoretical difficulties : Theoretical difficulties What do we count? What is value? Methodologicaldifficulties : Methodologicaldifficulties How do we count it? Contingent valuation Conjoint analysis Technological innovation / uncertainty CASE STUDY British Columbia, CA : CASE STUDY British Columbia, CA Quality of timber (down) Landslides (up) Restoration of watersheds ($1b) Salmon extinction 743 plants and animals threatened or endangered GGDP : GGDP 1997 – 30% is income 70% depletion of capital Policies for maintaining Natural Capital in British Columbia : Policies for maintaining Natural Capital in British Columbia Stop fragmentation Protect old growth Maintain soils Maintain species, genetic and habitat diversity You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.