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Premium member Presentation Transcript ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES : ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES Major Environmental Issues : Major Environmental Issues Illegal Logging Air Pollution Water Pollution Diminishing mangrove swamps Depletion of water resources Destruction of coral reefs Diminishing natural habitat and loss of biodiversity Other factors that add to these problems: : Other factors that add to these problems: Location of the Philippines 1.a. Because we are near the typhoon belt, we experience more or less than 15 typhoons as well as 5 – 6 cyclones annually; soil erosion is common Slide 4: 1.b. The country is located in the Pacific Ring of Fire that is why we experience earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION The Philippines signed some world treaties. These agreements are geared towards environmental protection. Example: Biodiversity Climate Change Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes Slide 6: Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Nuclear Test Ban Ozone Layer Protection Tropical Timber 83 Tropical Timber 94 Government Agencies : Government Agencies Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Department of Health (DOH) Philippine Sustainable Development Network Foundation Environment Management Bureau Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau Non-Governmental Organizations : Non-Governmental Organizations Ecological Society of the Philippines Foundation for the Philippine Environment Fund for Nature of the Philippines Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources Inc. NGO’s for Integrated Protected Areas Slide 9: Pambansang Kilusan ng mga Samahang Magsasaka (PAKISAMA) Philippine Institute of Alternative Futures (PIAF) Foundation for Sustainable Society (FSS) Foundation for the Philippine Environment (EPE) Slide 10: Biodiversity Conservation Network (BCN) WHAT ARE NGO’S? : WHAT ARE NGO’S? These are non-profit organizations composed of individuals whose aim is to render their expertise and help one particular sector of society There are also People’s Organizations (PO’s) : There are also People’s Organizations (PO’s) These are organizations composed of indigenous people who are directly affected and are deeply concerned about a particular issue PO’s geared towards Environmental Protection : PO’s geared towards Environmental Protection Katipunan ng mga Katutubong Mamamayan sa Pilipinas (KAMP) – the national federation of allo indigenous movements in the country Ang Nagkakaisang Mamamayan ng Kostal ng Balayan (ANAK – BALAYAN) Buklod ng Magsasaka Nagkaugat sa Kalikasan (BUKID) Slide 14: Luntiang Alyansa sa Bundok Banahaw (LABB) Note: Attempts made by the NGO’s and PO’s for environmental protection will only succeed if all of us will have a proper and respectable attitude towards the environment. EARTH SUMMIT : EARTH SUMMIT It was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil The Philippines was one of the more than 160 countries who promised to promote sustainable development based on Agenda 21. What is the Agenda 21? : What is the Agenda 21? The agenda was an attempt to balance development and the rapid integration of countries with the world economy and its implication to the society and environment. What was the impact of the Earth Summit? : What was the impact of the Earth Summit? The Philippine Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD) was formed under the Ramos administration, which authored the Philippine Agenda 21 Slide 18: Through the Memorandum Order 399 dated September 26, 1996, Pres. Ramos ordered all government agencies to reexamine their policies and programs and realign them with the goals of PA21 in order to promote economic development without sacrificing social and environmental welfare. PROBLEM OF ANCESTRAL LAND : PROBLEM OF ANCESTRAL LAND Ancestral Lands – are residential lands, owned and used by individuals, families and clans who belong to indigenous cultural communities from the very beginning The ancestral lands are lands inherited by individuals, families, and clans from their ancestors What is the main reason for the loss of ancestral lands? : What is the main reason for the loss of ancestral lands? The government’s program regarding industrialization through land conversion of lands into subdivisions, golf courses and malls. Improper mining in the mountains also serves Other reason…. : Other reason…. Improper mining The Philippines has more than 10 million indigenous people living in the mountains : The Philippines has more than 10 million indigenous people living in the mountains The rights of the indigenous people were first recognizes in the 1987 Constitution created after the downfall of President Ferdinand Marcos Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous People’s Rights Act of 1997 : Republic Act No. 8371 or the Indigenous People’s Rights Act of 1997 The law signed by President Fidel Ramos This law states that the rights of indigenous cultural communities or the indigenous people would be recognized, protected and promoted Slide 25: It also authorized the creation of the National Commission for the Indigenous People, the establishment of mechanisms in implementing the law and the allocation of a certain budget for this Slide 26: The law recognizes the right to self-determination of the indigenous people. Their human rights, and more importantly, their rights to ancestral lands Self-determination – the freedom to decide for themselves and for their future WHAT IS THE CERTIFICATE OF ANCESTRAL LAND TITLE? : WHAT IS THE CERTIFICATE OF ANCESTRAL LAND TITLE? A land title given by the government to recognize legal ownership of ancestral lands WHAT IS THE NCIP? : WHAT IS THE NCIP? NATIONAL COMMISSION ON THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE – the government agency that is assigned to draft and implement policies, plans and programs for the recognition, protection and promotion of the rights of the indigenous people PROPER USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES : PROPER USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES “We did not inherit the environment from our ancestors…. We are just borrowing it from future generations.” As responsible citizens, we can practice the 3R as a system of environmental protection : As responsible citizens, we can practice the 3R as a system of environmental protection 3R stands for Reduce – use of a limited amount of natural resources so that will dispose only a limited amount of trash Re-use – means the products can be used again after repairing them Recycle – means looking for other uses for products REDUCE! : REDUCE! Purchase of stable and long-term products, as well as the search for products and wrappers that contain no poisonous or hazardous element Manufacture products using a small amount of raw materials, has a long term durability or can be used again after its first use. RE-USE! : RE-USE! Give away old clothes, toys and books to charity Sell old stuffs to lessen trash “CASH FROM TRASH!!!!” RECYCLE! : RECYCLE! Materials like glass, metal. Plastic and paper can be collected, separated and sent to facilities that could process them into new materials You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.