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Premium member Presentation Transcript Developing Management Skills : 1 Developing Self-Awareness Developing Management Skills Prof. Muhammad Yasar Ahmed Yasir_ahmed555@hotmail.com M.A English Literature, M.A English Language Teaching & Linguistics, M.B.A Human Resource ManagemantFaculty of CommercePunjab College Gujrat Learning Objectives : 2 Understand your sensitivity line Clarify personal values and moral maturity level Apply your personal learning style Discover your orientation toward change Identify your interpersonal style Learning Objectives Keys to Self- Awareness : 3 Keys to Self- Awareness “Know Thyself” Carved on the Oracle at Delphi “He that would govern others must first master himself” Messinger Self-Awareness : Self-Awareness “Becoming a person means that the individual moves toward being, knowingly and acceptingly, the process which [s]he inwardly and actually is.” –Carl Rogers The Self : The Self According to Rogers, the Self: Is organized and consistent Includes one’s perceptions of all that comprises “I” or “me” Includes the relationship among I or me an other people and features of life, as well as the value and importance of these relationships Is available to consciousness but it is not always conscious at any given moment The shape of the self is constantly changing, yet always recognizable The Personal Self-Image : The Personal Self-Image The part of the self that includes physical, behavioral and psychological characteristics that establish uniqueness, it includes racial/ethnic identity, age, and status—who you THINK you are The “Real Self” : The “Real Self” In order to discover one’s Real Self, one must separate what is real from the Personal Self-Image One cannot really discover the Real Self until one is ready to accept the possibility that everything you believe about yourself at this point may be wrong. Hierarchy of Personal Life-Management Skills : 8 Hierarchy of Personal Life-Management Skills Five Areas of Self Awareness : 9 Five Areas of Self Awareness The Enigma of Self-Awareness : 10 The Enigma of Self-Awareness Seeking self knowledge is a prerequisite for personal growth. However, we avoid seeking information about ourselves because it may make us feel inferior. The Sensitivity Line : 11 The Sensitivity Line The point at which individuals become defensive when encountering information about themselves that is inconsistent with their self-concept. Crossing the Sensitivity Line : 12 Crossing the Sensitivity Line When information is verifiable, predictable and controllable. When we self-disclose so others can provide insights into your behavior. Personality Traits : 13 Personality Traits The Big Five Dimensions of Personality Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Neuroticism Openness The Effects of Core Self-Evaluations : 14 The Effects of Core Self-Evaluations - a belief about the amount of control a person has over situations in their life. Self-efficacy is the belief that one is capable of performing in a certain manner or attaining certain goals. Slide 15: Self Awareness What? How? Why? Can we trust it? Slide 16: Ability to assess one’s personality, behaviors & skills accurately Examples Self-subordinate agreement Student-teacher agreement on judgments of performance on presentations Own vs. peer presentations Practice vs. final presentation Accuracy of predicted judgments v. actual performance on exams What is self awareness Slide 17: Self monitoring Extent to which you monitor, regulate &/or control behavior/appearance in social situations Low self monitors behave according to their own inner states whereas high monitors behave according to the social situation E.g., I may deceive people by being friendly when I really dislike them What is NOT self awareness Slide 18: Knowing oneself accurately (self awareness) is different from being able to change, monitor, or regulate behaviors in the presence of others (self monitoring) Self awareness and self monitoring may be related to each other Self monitoring vs. self awareness Why become self aware : Why become self aware To improve performance High performing managers were more self-aware (Church, 97) To manage yourself Set appropriate goals, choose appropriate careers, manage stress To understand differences between you and others Understand why others react to you the way they do Adapt your communication to others’ needs Develop interpersonal skills To accept your tendencies of behaving, thinking & feeling Slide 20: Self Awareness What? How? Why? Validity of Self awareness measures One reason to become self aware : One reason to become self aware To improve performance High performing managers were more self-aware How to become self-aware: Some ways of thinking about yourself : How to become self-aware: Some ways of thinking about yourself Knowledge Abilities Skills Learning Styles Preferences Personality Specific Traits Values Goals Motives Slide 23: Based on an analysis of the relation between trait words used to describe people Openness: artistic, creative, broad interests, cultured, knowledgeable Conscientiousness: careful, fussy, tidy, hardworking, neat, punctualExtraversion: extraverted, frank, talkative, fun loving, sociableAgreeableness: acquiescent, mild, gentle, softheartedEmotional Stability: Angry, anxious, worried, guilt- ridden, nervous The Big Five Personality Dimensions Why is Personality important? : Conscientiousness predicts Job performance Attendance, retention Counterproductive behaviors Job satisfaction Income, occupational status Extraversion predicts Performance on managerial and sales jobs Income, occupational status Agreeableness & Low neuroticism predicts Income, occupational status Why is Personality important? What is Self Esteem? Why is it important? : View of oneself positively; approval of oneself, judging oneself as significant, capable, worthy, believe that one has desirable traits I am a good person I do most things well Validity (aka importance of self esteem) Predicts job performance & motivation What is Self Esteem? Why is it important? What is not Self esteem : Emotional Stability Self esteem is a better predictor of job performance than emotional stability Emotional stability comprises of things other than self esteem that do not influence job performance Self esteem & emotional stability are related but not the same Self Efficacy Capability to successfully perform a specific task E.g., Handout items on presentation efficacy Is a part but not all of self esteem What is not Self esteem What is Locus of Control? Why is it important? : General belief about control over reinforcement & environment If you work hard you will be successful Validity Related to job satisfaction Predicts career advancement Related to effective leadership behaviors Leadership performance Effective Performance in stressful situations What is Locus of Control? Why is it important? Specific Traits: Self Monitoring : Self monitoring Extent to which you monitor, regulate &/or control behavior/appearance in social situations Validity Predicts preferences for role-playing type jobs like sales, law, public relations, politics etc. Predicts career success Leadership behaviors in highly verbal contexts Specific Traits: Self Monitoring Ways to Describe Oneself : Ways to Describe Oneself Knowledge Abilities Skills Learning Styles Preferences Personality Specific Traits Values Goals Motives Goals, Motives & Values : Goals, Motives & Values Goals Immediate causes of behavior Concrete, specific ideal states Motivations Abstract, global influences Strivings driving multiple behaviors Values Abstract guiding principles of behavior Ultimate motives Motives : Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation Intrinsic Enjoy performing task itself, challenge of task performance Extrinsic Enjoy consequence of task performance (e.g., obtain reward or avoid punishment) Validity Jury is out… i.e., Not clear if rewards reduce intrinsic motivation or just increase extrinsic motivation Predicts preferences for role-playing type jobs like sales, law, public relations, politics etc. Predicts career success Leadership behaviors in highly verbal contexts Motives Self-Esteem : Self-Esteem The overall evaluation of oneself How we evaluate ourselves is a crucial element in our psychological adjustment Positive self-esteem effects our physical well-being as well as our likelihood for success Improving Self-Esteem : Improving Self-Esteem Make the Growth Choice rather than the Fear Choice Shed perfectionistic demands Become more synergistic Do not overburden yourself with work Keep a diary Keep a sense of humor Development of our “Self-Image” : Development of our “Self-Image” Early emotional experiences influence our concept of “Who I am” Because we are influenced by all of our experiences, self-image is not a singular concept but rather an array of understanding. Significant Others : Significant Others The important people in our lives (not just a single important person) Significant others in our lives convey messages about us that we interpret as important From all this information, we construct a mental “blueprint” of who we are and what we are capable of To ponder and discuss : To ponder and discuss Who are the significant others in your life today? Who were the significant others in your childhood? To whom are you a significant other? Social Comparison : Social Comparison The process in which individuals evaluate their thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and abilities in relation to other people. Social comparison allows us a way to decide if we are the same or different, inferior or superior relative to others Social Comparison : Social Comparison Our interpretation of sameness or difference relative to others will influence our sense of belonging or isolation Our interpretation of inferiority or superiority relative to others will influence our sense of capability and worth Determinants of Personality : 39 Determinants of Personality Some of our personality may be attributed to biology and genetics However, people can make changes to their personality if they are determined You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.