Knowledge Management Linda Watson 08-11-

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The Library Role in Knowledge Management : 

The Library Role in Knowledge Management Linda Watson, MLS (lwatson@umn.edu) Director, Health Science Libraries University of Minnesota Presentation to E-Applications Team – August 11, 2005

Linda Watson, MLS : 

2 Linda Watson, MLS Positions August 2005 Director of Health Science Libraries at U Minn 1990-2005 Director of Health Sciences Library at U of Virginia 1985-1990 Associate Director at Houston Academy of Medicine Texas Medical Center Library 1975-1985 National Library of Medicine Professional Service Medical Library Association (President 2002-2003) Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries Institute of Medicine Rural Health Committee (2004) National Library of Medicine advisory committees Education MLS Simmons College, Boston BA University of Connecticut

Challenges for the AHC : 

3 Challenges for the AHC Competition, Costs and Conserving Scarce Human Attention “continuous partial attention” – involvement in a continuous flow of interaction and information in which you can only partially concentrate on each Expanded Definition of “Knowledge” Published knowledge such as books, journals, databases (explicit) Organizational knowledge embedded in institutional processes and people (implicit) Changing Library Roles

Background Documents : 

4 Background Documents National Library of Medicine Long Range Plan, 2000-2005, 2000. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/plan/lrp00/lrp00.html AAMC Next Generation IAIMS: Binding Knowledge to Effective Action, 2002. http://www.aamc.org/programs/betterhealth/iaimsinside.pdf Blue Ridge Academic Health Group: Into the 21st Century: Academic Health Centers as Knowledge Leaders, 2000.

Background Documents : 

5 Background Documents Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries: Building on Success, Charting the Future of Knowledge Management within the Academic Health Center, 2003 http://www.aahsl.org/document/CTFprint.pdf Watson and Fuller: Commentary on Managing and Leveraging Organizational Knowledge in The Academic Health Center: Leadership and Performance, Cambridge Univ Press, 2005

National Library of Medicine : 

6 National Library of Medicine 2000-2005 plan envisioned the future (2010): Healthcare: personal health records; information prescriptions Education: simulation, virtual patients, interactive curricula, distance education NLM Planning, 2006-2016 Strategic visioning session April 2005 First planning meeting Oct 31, 2005

AAMC / NLM IAIMS Project : 

7 AAMC / NLM IAIMS Project Next Generation IAIMS Report, 2002 IAIMS = Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems Describes standard and leading edge practices in health care, education, research Education: Simulations, online tutorials integrated into practice setting systems; customized curricula with attention to learning preferences; online curriculum databases and evaluation data Required informatics curricula NLM IAIMS Grant Opportunities

Blue Ridge Health Group, 2000 : 

8 Blue Ridge Health Group, 2000 AHCs should explicitly manage their knowledge as an organizational asset to improve their performance and strengthen their ability to meet both the market and social needs of their immediate community and beyond. AHCs should help current and future health professionals acquire the skills needed to use existing organizational and global knowledge and prepare for new demands associated with their professions in the digital era.

Context for AHC Learners : 

9 Context for AHC Learners The role of “learner” applies to everyone; we are all learners Learning can be explicit (formal) Learning can implicit (informal) Learning goes through stages Learning is a means to an end; one end is performance, another is enrichment

Slide 10: 

10 Learner Lifecyle Novice Expert Class Course Teacher Test / Grades Curriculum Listening Discovery Trial and error Collaborating Instructions Asking Skimming Conversing Networking Coaching / Teaching Observing Comparing Reflecting Informal Learning (pull) Formal Learning (push) Adapted from Jay Cross: Workflow Institute

Usefulness Equation : 

11 Usefulness Equation Orginal context is evaluating evidence based information (Patient Oriented Evidence that Matters) Can also relate to how individuals gather and assess general information for learning Usefulness = Relevancy x Validity Work David Slawson MD, UVa

Learner Trends : 

12 Learner Trends Recognition of unique learning styles / preferences; personalization Generational differences digital natives and digital immigrants (Marc Prensky) http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-%20Digital%20Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf Diverse and non-traditional students Students in clinical rotations remote from campus resources Knowledge management and information literacy (not just computer literacy) Competency based learning (performance) Interdisciplinary / Multidisciplinary Life-long learning (different stages of expertise)

Envisioning a Learning Environment : 

13 Envisioning a Learning Environment Learning Environment Learning Objects Learning Activities Learning Places Learning Assessment Learning Methods Learning Participants Lectures, images, virtual patients, molecular models, books, journal articles, patient education, practice tests…. Classes, assignments, journal club, research experience, studying, presentations, practicing skills…. Lecture, pbl, lab, patient contact, simulation, vr, podcasts, collecting & analyzing data, conversations… Classroom, lecture hall, barns & pastures, hospitals, clinics, community, library, home, coffee shop, hallways, transportation (commuting)…. Students, clinicians, scientists, librarians, patients & families, staff, each other…. Tests, portfolios, observation, feedback….

Managing a Learning Environment : 

14 Managing a Learning Environment What if we could develop an intelligent knowledge repository that incorporated all the elements of the Learning Environment; tagged and indexed appropriately; linked to an individual’s personal profile; shared across the AHC and beyond Build on work of Medbiquitous (standards), HEAL and MedEdPortal (repositories) A curriculum database on steroids!

Knowledge Repository Requirements : 

15 Knowledge Repository Requirements Robust, secure and flexible technology, both central (servers, etc) plus local (the user’s preferred device) People to design the system architecture, standards, policies, user interface(s) and tools People to populate the system with shared content People to use the system (as learners and as teachers)

Library Roles : 

16 Library Roles Resources: published knowledge: books, journals, indexes, preservation and archives (print) Design and management of access system Study space – reading rooms Resources: same (but increasingly electronic, some born digital, more locally developed) Integrating multiple access systems Study space – small group rooms, computer labs, wired and wireless Traditional - 1990 Evolving - 2005

Library Roles : 

17 Library Roles Librarians Select resources Organize resources Preserve resources Answer questions Teach how to find information Librarians same, plus Develop/deploy tools (like blogs, wikis, pda services) Teach in curriculum Go on patient rounds Partner on research teams Partner in the community Traditional - 1990 Evolving - 2005

Partner in Patient Care : 

18 Partner in Patient Care Clinical information systems linked with knowledge-based resources Funded “clinical information specialists” Librarians support patient education and facilitate “information prescriptions” Research studies link library services with improved health outcomes

Partner in the Community : 

19 Partner in the Community Increased information outreach to the underserved, including native populations Librarians partner with public health networks, local health coalitions, health literacy efforts, and public libraries Partnerships with business National partnerships

Library Roles – the Future : 

20 Library Roles – the Future Part of the system development team Information organization, dissemination, and archiving expertise Content from licensed resources (online books, journals, images, databases) Local content (ie training modules on information management) Development/deployment of tools for information customization (Blogs, wikis, RSS feeds, podcasts) Training of faculty and students to maximize use of the knowledge repository

Some Challenges : 

21 Some Challenges Understanding individual user preferences and information-seeking behaviors (an anthropological approach) Integrating “just-in-time” learning in the clinical environment How to connect the AHC’s Knowledge Repository with disparate clinical information systems and policies

Some Challenges : 

22 Some Challenges Even after building a Knowledge Respository for a Learning Environment… How to provide knowledge access to ALL AHC constituents the hospitals where students train students and their mentors in community preceptorships Patients and families; the community Issues are technology, politics, restrictive license agreements

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