Book 1 Unit 1

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Basic English : 

Basic English Unit one

Teaching Set-up & Requirement : 

Teaching Set-up & Requirement Text-book study Weekly Journal-writing News Report New Concept English Novel-reading and Book Report

Text I Unit I : 

Text I Unit I Background Information Types of American families: nuclear family, extended family, step family (blended family), single parent family, and DINK family

Teaching Objectives : 

Teaching Objectives Students will be able to: 1. understand the basic elements of a narrative essay; 2. understand and use the key grammatical structures which appear in the text; 3. tell a story by describing an event or a person.

Never Say Goodbye : 

Never Say Goodbye Read the text and answer the following questions: 1. What is this narrative text concerned with? 2. What is the message of the text?

Reference answer: : 

Reference answer: A1:This text is concerned with the author’s recall of his most important and unforgettable experience that came about when he was a child between 10 and 12. The text tells us that the author had learned from his grandfather the profound meaning of “never say goodbye” and became strong-willed as a child.

A2: The text conveys the message that we should never give in to bitterness or sadness, that we should always be firm and strong-willed, and that we should always remember the joyful and happy events of life as well as our cherished friendship. : 

A2: The text conveys the message that we should never give in to bitterness or sadness, that we should always be firm and strong-willed, and that we should always remember the joyful and happy events of life as well as our cherished friendship.

Pre-reading questions: : 

Pre-reading questions: 1. How did you feel when you left your hometown for the university? 2. Do you miss your friends in high school? Can you tell the class some joyful and happy moments you spent together? 3. In your opinion, how can one conquer sadness in one’s life?

Never Say Goodbye : 

Never Say Goodbye

张小娴 : 

张小娴 忘掉岁月,忘掉痛苦   我们永不,永不,说再见   人生总有无法不说再见的时候,我们的人生,不正是不停地说再见吗?   生命短暂,能够说再见,还有机会再见,已经是多么的幸运?   有时候,我们不是不想说再见,而是不敢。已经习惯了,已经投资了自己的青春,一旦离开了,不知道以后会变成怎样。然而,人要勇于说再见,才有幸福的可能。   但愿我们都有说再见的智慧和勇气。当我不想说再见,只是因为我还在乎;而快乐,还是比痛苦多出了很多倍。

When will you say goodbye? : 

When will you say goodbye? Lover‘s departure Friends’ leaving Family’s passing away Being away from hometown Your past/history

Ways of saying goodbye : 

Ways of saying goodbye goodbye/bye • see you • later/catch you later/around ( see again soon, for young) • so long ( do not meet again for long time)• have a nice day/good weekend/great time etc • have a good one( good wish) • take care • take it easy (for friends, family member) • nice to meet you/nice meeting you (for friends met for the first time)

How do you say “goodbye”? : 

How do you say “goodbye”? so long; 语气客气,耽误你很长时间了goodbye; 最普通,不见的时候希望你一切安好bye-bye 是它的略称,也最常用,for children Catch you later, see you tomorrow (很快见面)

Farewell 告别,永别,告别演唱会和送别会 : 

Farewell 告别,永别,告别演唱会和送别会 Farewell:old-fashioned the action of saying goodbye;farewell party /dinner /drink etc a party or dinner that you have because someone is leaving a job, city A Farewell to Arms:(1929) a novel by Ernest Hemingway about the romantic relationship between a US man who is working as an ambulance driver and an English nurse in Italy during World War I

How do you say goodbye? : 

How do you say goodbye? 约会分手时,他(她)会:   A、 目送你离开。   B 、头也不回的走了。   C、 看着你的眼睛道别。   D、 频频回首兼挥手。   E、 握手道别。

Slide 24: 

选A:目送你离开的人,是个非常体贴,善解人意的人,虽然在意对方,不过却不会勉强对方,对于爱人或朋友的要求都会竭尽全力办妥。 选B:分手后头也不回的人为人比较乐天,不拘小节。乍看之下这种人颇为冷淡,但在紧张关头他(她)一定全力保护对方,是个重视家庭的人。

Slide 25: 

选C:看着你的眼睛说再见,通常都是因为心里有话想说却说不出口,或是心中有疑惑。这时正是你发挥男(女)朋友责任的时候,否则,后果可能不堪设想。 选D:他(她)一再回头和挥手,表示他(她)很想你,当他(她)这样做时,亦希望你会这样做,属于礼尚往来的人。 选E:如果握手说再见是个少有的举动,但哪一天分手他(她)却这样做,表示他(她)那天过得非常愉快,充实。另外,亦表示对方有性方面的欲望。

Inspiration : 

Inspiration Life is full of turns where we need to say goodbye, and goodbye is always a sad word. But do you still remember our first “hello”, and the beautiful moments that we shared together? Let the fruits of joys grow during the departure, my friends, till the next time we meet.

People in our lives : 

People in our lives Some people come into our lives and quickly go, Some people move our souls to dance. They awaken us to new understanding with the passing whispering of their wisdom. Some people make the sky more beautiful to gaze upon. They stay in our lives for a while, leave footprints in our hearts, and we are never , ever the same.

Slide 28: 

It is not easy to live life sometimes. And face the world with a smile when you’re crying inside. It takes a lot of courage to reach down inside yourself. Hold on to that strength that’s still there.

Slide 29: 

And know that tomorrow is a new day---with new possibilities. But if you can just hold on long enough to see this through, You’ll come out a new person---stronger With more understanding and with a new pride in yourself.

Learning objectives : 

Learning objectives grasp the author’s purpose of writing and make clear the structure of the whole passage through an intensive reading of Text 1 Never Say Goodbye. comprehend the topic sentences in Text 1 thoroughly and be able to paraphrase them.

Slide 31: 

get a list of new words and structures and use them freely in conversation and writing. be aware of the cross-cultural differences in the social behavior of Giving Gifts.

Unit 1 : 

Unit 1 Never Say Goodbye

Contents : 

Contents Pre-reading questions Background information Structure analysis Comprehension questions Language points of Text I Grammatical items Exercises Comprehension questions of Text II Oral activities Writing practice

Pre-reading Questions : 

Pre-reading Questions 1. Have your family moved from one place to another? If you have, how did you feel when you were going to be away from the old house for good? 2. Have you ever attended a funeral of someone you knew very well? If you have, what were you thinking when you saw him for the last time?

Background Information 1 : 

Background Information 1 Never say goodbye because saying goodbye means going away, and going away always means forgetting.~Peter PanAs I stared into your eyes, you asked me why I was about to cry, its because I knew you were going to say good-bye.

Background Information 2 : 

Background Information 2 Goodbye is a simple word, not just try saying it to a friend.Don't say goodbye, because it means forever. Say "Nice knowing you", because it was.

Background Information 3 : 

Background Information 3 Don't cry because it's over, smile because it happened.~ Dr. SeussRemember me with smiles and laughs, for that's how I'll remember you. If you can only remember me with sadness and tears, then don't remember me at all.

Background Information 4 : 

Background Information 4 Song Never Say Goodbye (Hayley Westenra ) If I could take this moment forever Turn the pages of my mind To another place and time We would never say goodbye If I could find the words I would speak them Then I wouldn't be tongue-tied When I looked into your eyes We would never say goodbye

Background Information 5 : 

Background Information 5 If I could stop the moon ever rising Day would not become the night Wouldn't feel this cold inside And we'd never say goodbye I wish that our dreams were frozen Then our hearts would not be broken When we let each other go  ... If I could steal this moment forever Paint a picture-perfect smile So our story stayed alive We would never say goodbye

Structure Analysis of Text 1 : 

Structure Analysis of Text 1 The text is the author's recall of the most important and unforgettable experiences that came about when he was between 10 and 12. He had learned from his grandfather the profound meaning of "Never say goodbye" and became firm and strong-willed as a child. The author wants to tell us that we should never give in to sadness, that we should always be firm and strong-willed, and that we should always remember the joyful and happy events of life as well as our cherished friendship.

Structure of the text: : 

Structure of the text: The passage can be divided into 3 parts: Part 1. Paragraph 1-4 Part 2. Paragraph 5-13 Part 3. Paragraph 14-20

Part 1 Para1-4 : 

Part 1 Para1-4 The author brings up the problem he was confronted with: he found it hard to overcome the sadness as the moment of parting drew near. So he turned to his grandpa for help.

Part 2 Para 5-13 : 

Part 2 Para 5-13 The author’s grandpa, by narrating his sad experience of the loss of his eldest son during the war, illustrates how one can overcome the sad feeling resulting from the loss of someone dear to him by recalling not the moment of parting but the happy times spent together.

Part 3 Para 14-20 : 

Part 3 Para 14-20 By the way he behaved when confronted with another sad moment—the loss of his grandpa, the author shows us that he came to understand what his grandpa had taught him.

Comprehension Question (1) : 

Comprehension Question (1) 1. What made the author’s grandpa cry sadly? Refer to paragraph 12, the mere thought of his son’s death in that terrible war in Italy made him cry.

Comprehension Question (2) : 

Comprehension Question (2) 2. How long had Grandpa’s son been in the war? Refer to Paragraph12. Three months.

Comprehension Question (3) : 

Comprehension Question (3) 3. What is the implication of the author’s grandpa’s words “ never say goodbye”? Refer to Paragraph 13 and 20. They mean “never give in to sadness” or “refuse to give

Comprehension Question(4) : 

Comprehension Question(4) 4. What did Grandpa ask the author to do even if he and his friends had to part? Refer to Paragraph 13. He asked the author to always remember the joy and happiness of the time when he first said hello to his friends.

Comprehension Question (5) : 

Comprehension Question (5) 5. What caused the author to return to the old house? Refer to Paragraph 14 and 15. Grandpa’s grave illness led the author to the old house.

Comprehension Question (6) : 

Comprehension Question (6) 6. Why do you think the author’s grandfather smiled at him during his last few minutes of life? Refer to the last paragraph. Grandpa must have felt greatly relieved that the author had finally found out the essence of his words.

confront : 

confront If you are confronted with a problem, task, or difficulty, you have to deal with She was confronted with severe money problems... Ministers underestimated the magnitude of the task confronting them. = face

Slide 52: 

If you confront someone with something, you present facts or evidence to them in order to accuse them of something. She had decided to confront Kathryn with what she had learnt... I could not bring myself to confront him about it... His confronting me forced me to search for the answers.

Slide 53: 

If you confront a difficult situation or issue, you accept the fact that it exists and try to deal with it. We are learning how to confront death... NATO countries have been forced to confront fundamental moral questions. = face

Language points of Text I (2) : 

Language points of Text I (2) anguish: very great pain and suffering, esp. of the mind She was in anguish over her missing child. The unspeakable anguish wrung her heart.

Language points of Text I (3) : 

Language points of Text I (3) brief as it was though it was short/brief; although it lasted a short time Hot as it was, they went out.

Language points of Text I (4) : 

Language points of Text I (4) gracefully (1) in an attractively and effortlessly fine and smooth manner Already in her fifties, she danced gracefully on the stage last night, attracting a large audience, who clapped their hands several times. (2) in a way that shows willingness to behave fairly and honorably He stepped on my left foot when we hurried into the elevator shaft, and immediately he apologized to me gracefully. graceful: adj.

Language points of Text I (5) : 

Language points of Text I (5) touched with the laughter and tears of four generations touched with the happiness and bitterness of four generations touch: (1) put one's hand onto sth. or sb. else In darkness, she felt someone touching her face. Visitors are requested not to touch the paintings. (2) have an effect on one's feelings; to cause one to feel pity, sympathy, etc. His sad story so touched us that we nearly cried.

Language points of Text I (6) : 

Language points of Text I (6) Be touched with By the way, the phrase "be touched with" usually means "have a certain amount of a quality." For example: Her hair is touched with grey. The boy is touched with genius. In this sentence, however, the phrase is not exactly used in this meaning. It implies that "... the house which had seen/witnessed the joys and sorrows of the four generations of my family."

Language points of Text I (7) : 

Language points of Text I (7) haven : a place of calm and safety The school library is a little haven of peace and quiet. As a tourists' haven, the small hotel is a home away from home.

Language points of Text I (8) : 

Language points of Text I (8) porch: a roofed entrance built out from a house or church; veranda She sat in the shade on the porch.

Language points of Text I (9) : 

Language points of Text I (9) shudder: shake uncontrollably for a moment, esp. from fear, cold, or dislike She shuddered at the sight of the dead body. I shudder to think how big the bill will be.

Language points of Text I (10) : 

Language points of Text I (10) well: (of liquid) flow or start to flow Blood welled (out) from the cut. She was so moved that tears welled (up, forth, out) in her eyes.

Language points of Text I (11) : 

Language points of Text I (11) rest on/upon (1) lean on; to be supported by The bridge rests on stone arches. The girl's head rested on her hands. (2) (esp. of a proof, argument, etc. ) be based on; be grounded on; depend on Your argument rests on a statement that can't be proved. We have tried everything; now it all rests on him. His eyes rested on her face.

Language points of Text I (12) : 

Language points of Text I (12) through my tears : with tears in my eyes; while shedding tears through (1) in at one side, end, or surface of something and out at the other Water flows through this pipe. He pushed his way through the crowd to the door. among or between the parts or members of The monkeys swung through the trees. I searched through my papers for the missing documents.

Language points of Text I (13) : 

Language points of Text I (13) .stare look steadily for a long time, e. g. in great surprise or shock He sat staring into space, thinking deeply. She stared at the letter in disbelief. (2) be very plain to see; to be obvious The lies in the report stared out at us from every paragraph. stare off: stare away; to move one's eyes from a point nearby to a farther place and fix them on it or look at it steadily

Language points of Text I (14) : 

Language points of Text I (14) in common: having the same interests, attitudes, etc. The boy and the girl have much in common in personality.

Language points of Text I (15) : 

Language points of Text I (15) look into: investigate; examine the meaning or cause of The police have received some complaints; now they are looking into them. This is a report that looks into the causes of unemployment.

Language points of Text I (16) : 

Language points of Text I (16) gently: in a manner or way that is not rough, violent, or severe She gently brushed the baby's hair. "Don't cry," he said gently.

Language points of Text I (17) : 

Language points of Text I (17) whisper speak or say very quietly so that only a person close by can hear The children were whispering in the corner. She whispered a warning to me and then disappeared. (of the wind, leaves, etc. ) make a soft sound The wind was whispering in the roof. The leaves of the trees were whispering in the wind.

Language points of Text I (18) : 

Language points of Text I (18) hand in hand ' holding each other's hand (usually with the left hand of one in the right hand of the other) The elderly couple are walking homeward hand in hand. The heads of states are standing hand in hand, posing for a picture. happening together and closely connected Dirt and disease go hand in hand. Theory and practice must go hand in hand. shoulder to shoulder They were standing shoulder to shoulder. neck and neck She was at least running neck and neck in the competition.

Language points of Text I (19) : 

Language points of Text I (19) rosebush : a bush of roses . There are very beautiful rosebushes in his garden. The young lovers are fascinated by the rosebushes in the park.

Language points of Text I (20) : 

Language points of Text I (20) conspicuously : in a way that is noticeable or easily seen; in an attractive manner The magazine contains conspicuously attractive advertisements. The posters on the walls around are conspicuously eye-catching. Conspicuous: adj. Conspicuity: conspicuousness n.

Language points of Text I (21) : 

Language points of Text I (21) pick (1)take what one likes or considers best, or most suitable from a group The students have to pick three courses from a list of fifteen. She has been picked to head the planning committee. (2)gather; pull or break off (part of a plant) from a tree or plant She picked some flowers from her garden. He picked some roses and gave them to his girlfriend. (3) take up or remove something separately or bit by bit using the fingers, a beak, a pointed instrument, etc. The vultures were picking the meat from the carcass. The dog picked the bone clean.

Language points of Text I (22) : 

Language points of Text I (22) hoarse: (of a voice) rough-sounding, as though the surface of the throat is rougher than usual, e. g. when the speaker has a sore throat My voice has become hoarse since I began to have a sore throat. When the football match was going on, we cheered for our team and we shouted and shouted until our voices went hoarse

Language points of Text I (23) : 

Language points of Text I (23) evil: a great wickedness or misfortune We must conquer the twin evils of disease and poverty. The greed for money is the root of all evils.

Language points of Text I (24) : 

Language points of Text I (24) tiny: extremely small; very small Being a small woman, she gave birth to a tiny baby. give in to: give way; surrender; allow oneself to be beaten The two boys fought until one gave in to the other. Don't give in to their demands, which know no bounds

Language points of Text I (25) : 

Language points of Text I (25) lock it away within you : fasten it firmly in your mind; imprint it on your mind; bear it in your mind and never forget it lock (1) fasten with a lock Lock the door after you. The door won't lock. (2) put in a safe place and lock the entrance or opening She locked her jewels in a safe. lock away: lock up; put in a safe place and fasten the lock She had locked her money away before she went away on holiday, but when she returned home, she found that all her money was gone.

Language points of Text I (26) : 

Language points of Text I (26) in that place in your heart where summer is an always time. … in that place in your heart where there is always sunlight and warmth. / ... in that place in your heart which is al­ways filled with joy and happiness. Here, it is easy to see that "where summer is an always time" is metaphorical. And the word "always," which is always an adverb, is used as an adjective here. Maybe this reveals that the old man was not well-educated.

Language points of Text I (27) : 

Language points of Text I (27) part : (to cause to) separate or be no longer together I hope that we part as friends ( = remain friends as we part). The war parted many men from their families.

Language points of Text I (28) : 

Language points of Text I (28) I want you to reach deep within you and bring back that first hello : I want you to get to the bottom of your heart and recall that first hello. / I want you to think deeply and recall the friendly occasions on which you met your friends and said hello to them for the first time.

Language points of Text I (29) : 

Language points of Text I (29) bring back (1) cause to return All library books must be brought back before the end of the term. If I go with you in your car, will you be able to bring me back? (2) obtain and return with He brought some beautiful carpets back from Iran. When you go to the post office, will you bring back some stamps for me? (3) cause to return to the mind Hearing the song brings back some happy memories. Seeing her again brought all sweet memories back.

Language points of Text I (30) : 

Language points of Text I (30) gravely : in a way showing great seriousness; (of manner) in a state of being serious and solemn " The situation poses a serious threat to peace," said the ambassador gravely.

Language points of Text I (31) : 

Language points of Text I (31) beloved :(a person who is) dearly loved It is a gift from my beloved. His beloved wife died.

Language points of Text I (32) : 

Language points of Text I (32) summon: order officially to come The guards were summoned into the presence of the Queen.

Language points of Text I (33) : 

Language points of Text I (33) when it came to my turn: when it was my turn to say goodbye turn an act of turning; a single movement completely round a fixed point Don't pull the handle; give it a turn. Give the key a turn, and the lock will open. (2) a point of change in time Young people at the turn of the century must draw up a mighty blueprint.

Language points of Text I (34) : 

Language points of Text I (34) note (1) notice and remember; observe Note the way this writer uses the present tense for dramatic effect. Please note that this bill must be paid within 10 days. (2) remark; call attention to The report notes with approval the government's efforts to resolve this problem.

Language points of Text I (35) : 

Language points of Text I (35) breathe (1) take air, gas, etc. into the lungs and send it out again The doctor told me to breathe in deeply and then to breathe out slowly. I will remember the day as long as I breathe. (2) whisper; say softly He breathed words of love into her ear. She breathed a sigh of relief when she heard that she had passed the exam.*

Writing skill of this text---description of eyes : 

Writing skill of this text---description of eyes Author continued to look into his (grandfather)face looked at the flower looked up to see my grandfather

Writing skill of this text---description of eyes : 

Writing skill of this text---description of eyes stared off into the apple trees (his eyes) met mine again saw my grandfather’s tears, never seen him cry (his eyes) were closed (his eyes) slowly opened (his eyes) closed again

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(1) : 

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(1) 1. On what topic did the colonel and the young girl disagree? They disagree on the topic whether women were still easy to be scared. 2. What kind of expression did the American notice came over the face of the hostess? A strange expression came over the face of the hostess: she was staring straight ahead and her facial muscles contracted slightly.

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(2) : 

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(2) 3. What did the American realize the bowl of milk meant? It means a bait for a snake. 4.  What did the American realize was happening? He realized that there must be a cobra in the room.

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(3) : 

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(3) 5.   How did the American react to the crisis? Instead of jumping away from the dinning table and giving the others a warning, he began to speak to them quickly with an arresting voice. 6. What did the American say to make sure that everyone remained perfectly still? He said, “ I want to know what control everyone at this table has. I will count three hundred– that’s five minutes– and not one of you is to move a muscle. Those who move will forfeit 50 rupees.”

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(4) : 

Comprehension Questions of Text 2(4) 7. Why did the hostess’s face light up with a faint smile? Because the hostess, with the help of the American, had just escaped the danger of a possible attack by a cobra. 8. What qualities did both the American and the hostess display? Both of them, a man and a woman, demonstrated the marvelous quality of self-control.

Grammatical items : Inversion : 

Grammatical items : Inversion 谓语动词放在主语之前的这种语法现象称为倒装。从倒装的形式来看,可分为全部倒装(full inversion)和部分倒装(partial inversion)两种。前者是指整个谓语置于主语之前,而后者仅是指助动词、情态动词或be 动词等功能置于主语之前。 引起倒装的情况多种多样,倒装的表现形式大体有下列几种 :

Grammatical item:Inversion (2) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (2) 1.在疑问句中 例1:How are you getting along with your work? 例2:Is this report written in detail? 注:如疑问词作主语或者作定语修饰主语时,不发生倒装。 2.在there be 及其类似结构中 例1:There are forty students in our class. 例2:There seem to be still some elements undiscovered yet. 例3:There stands a bridge across the river.

Grammatical item:Inversion (3) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (3) 3.在表示祝愿的句子中 例1:Long live the People’s Republic of China! 例2:May you succeed! 例3:Dog-tired though they were, they continued to march on. 4.在省略if 的虚拟语气条件状语从句中 这类句子中有were, had, should等词时,把were, had或should置于句首。  例1:Were there no air or water, there would be no life in the world.  例2:Had you been more careful, such spelling mistakes might have been avoided.

Grammatical item:Inversion (4) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (4) 5.在so, nor, neither或no more开头的句子中 此类句子通常表示前面一句话中的谓语所说明的情况,也适用于另一句中的主语。例如: 1)This problem is not difficult and neither is that one. 2)Coal is under the ground in some places, and so is oil.

Grammatical item:Inversion (5) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (5) 6.在以具有否定意义的副词、连词及词组开头的句子中 这些词和词组通常有:rarely, never, scarcely, no sooner, little, few, hardly, seldom, at no time, in no way, on no account, nowhere, nobody, not only等。例如:  1)Visit our stores. Nowhere else will you find such magnificent bargains.  2)Hardly had he finished his work when the telephone rang.  3)Not only did he complain about the food, he also refused to pay for it.  4)Little did we think his speech had made so deep an impression on his audience.

Grammatical item:Inversion (6) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (6) 7.在强调表语时   例1:Worst of all were the humiliations.   例2:Such is the case.

Grammatical item:Inversion (7) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (7) 8.在强调宾语时 例1:Still greater contributions should we make to our socialist construction. 例2:Useful chemical fertilizer can we make from the waste liquid.   注:当前置宾语由“not a +名词”或者“not a single +名词”构成时,也会引起倒装。例如: Alice had a terrible time touring that country. Not a day did she spend without having some unpleasantness with waiters in the hotel.

Grammatical item:Inversion (8) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (8) 9.在强调状语时 (1)当句首状语为方位词或拟声词,谓语动词为go, come等表示位置转移的动词时句子须倒装。例如:  1)Up went the plane.  2)In came the chairman and the meeting began.  注:如果主语是代词则不发生倒装。例如:  1)Out they rushed!  2)Lower and lower he bent.  (2) 当句首状语为表示地点的介词词组时,句子须倒装。例如:  1)Round the corner walked a large policeman.  2)Under the table was lying a half-conscious young man.

Grammatical item:Inversion (9) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (9) (3)当句首状语由“only +副词”,“only +介词词组”,“only +状语从句”构成时,句子须倒装。例如: 1)Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.  2)Only because there were some cancelled bookings did he get some tickets in the end. (4)当句首状语为here, there, now, then等时,句子须倒装,主语是代词时,句子不用倒装。例如: 1)Here is a ticket for you. 2)Now comes your turn. 3)Here he comes.

Grammatical item:Inversion (10) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (10) (5)以关联词so (…that)开头的句子中,句子须倒装。例如:   1)So small was the mark that I could hardly see it. 2)So quickly did the workmen finish their work that they were given a bonus. 3)So much does he worry about his financial position that he can’t sleep at night. 注:在该结构中,“so +形容词”是表语的前置;“so +副词”是状语的前置。

Grammatical item:Inversion (11) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (11) 10.在直接引语之后 在叙事性书面语中,直接引语后常跟asked Mary, answered John, said the old lady, grunted Peter之类的词语。在这些词语中,动词常的主语之前,主语是代词时,不用倒装。例如: 1)“What do you mean?” asked Henry. 2)“What do you mean?” he asked.

Grammatical item:Inversion (12) : 

Grammatical item:Inversion (12) 11. often, many a time等表示频度的状语置于句首时 例如:Often did they think of going there, but they never had a chance. 12.在as, though引导的让步状语从句中 在as, though引导的让步状语从句中,一般将形容词、副词或名词等置于句首。例如: Small as the atom is, we can smash it

Shudder &shake( unit one) : 

Shudder &shake( unit one) Shudder:to shake for a short time because you are afraid or cold, or because you think something is very unpleasant Shudder at/with sth./ to do sth. But if a vehicle or machine shudders, it shakes violently.

Slide 107: 

Shake: to move suddenly from side to side or up and down, usually with a lot of force, or to make something or someone do this She shook him to wake him up. shake • rattle • wobble • vibrate • shudder • judder • jolt

Slide 108: 

Rattle: to shake and repeatedly hit against sth. making continuous noise. Wobble: it moves from side to side because it is not steady and or not well balanced. Vibrate: to shake continuously with very small, very fast movements, eg. the effect of big noise Jolt: move up and down with sudden large movements, eg. machine is not working well.

Exercises (1) : 

Exercises (1) Translation exercises 1. 他为这次面试中可能面对的问题准备好了答案。(confront) He has prepared answers to the questions that he expected to confront during the interview. 2.他那悲惨的遭遇深深地打动了我们,使我们几乎要哭出声来。(touch) His sad story touched us so deeply that we nearly cried.

Exercises (2) : 

Exercises (2) 3. 他们俩沿着河边手挽着手散步,有说有笑,非常愉快。(hand in hand) The two of them are walking hand in hand along the river bank, chatting, laughing, and looking happy. 4. 他听到这令人激动的消息之后,眼睛里涌出欢乐的泪水。 (well up) When he heard the exciting news, tears of joy welled up in his eyes.

Exercises (3) : 

Exercises (3) 5. 上海人容易听懂苏州话,因为上海话和苏州话有许多共同之处。(in common) People from Shanghai can understand Suzhou dialect with ease, for Shanghai dialect and Suzhou dialect have much in common. 6. 亨利和妻子正在研究能否在三年内买一幢新房。( look into) Henry and his wife are looking into the possibility of buying a new house within three years.

Exercises (4) : 

Exercises (4) 7. 对女儿再三请求到国外去深造,他最终让步了。(give in to) He finally gave in to his daughter’s repeated requests to further her education abroad. 8. 我们把所有贵重物品都锁好了,然后才出去度假。(lock away) We locked all our valuables away before we went on holiday.

Exercises (5) : 

Exercises (5) 9.虽然咱们分手了,但我希望咱们依然是好朋友,像以前一样互相关心,互相帮助。(part) Although we have parted from each other, I hope that we will remain good friends and that we will care for and help each other just as we did in the past. 10. 在紧急关头,军长召集全体军官开会,制定新的克敌战略战术。(summon) At the critical moment, the army commander summoned all the officers to work out new strategies and tactics which would make it possible to conquer the enemy.

Exercises (6) : 

Exercises (6) Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. Lock away summon instead stare whisper give in evil confront with well up gently brief pull

Exercises (7) : 

Exercises (7) The minister didn’t make any comments on their own human rights problems; he said _________ that we were to do more on this issue. _______________ the sight of the poor, the sick and the unemployed, the government had no way but to decide to reform. Take good care to ____________ your jewelry before going away on holiday. Strong feelings ____________ within him, instead Confronted with lock away welled up

Exercises (8) : 

Exercises (8) He tried to ____________ from his memory what he knew of his former neighbor. The Secretary of State said that the war was going to be _________ but decisive. I looked hard at him, while he ___________ dully back at me. A voice seemed to be ____________ in her mind, telling her to be brave. summon brief stared whispering

Exercises (9) : 

Exercises (9) If a man speaks or acts with a(n) ___________ thought, pain follows him. If you always ___________ to other you will end up feeling depressed. evil give in

Dictation : 

Dictation Throughout history the basic unit of almost every human society has been the family. The members of the family live together under the same roof. They share the economic burdens of life as well as its affectional joys. The family head usually has considerable influence in arranging marriages, selecting careers and determining all important moves and purchases by any member of the family. Particularly in conditions where society are greater, this large group provides better protection in times of economic or other emergency.

Oral activities : 

Oral activities The old house is better than the new one. Never say goodbye to a dying person. Friendship encourages people while sorrow doesn’t .

Writing practice (1) : 

Writing practice (1) Write a short essay on the following topic in about 150 words. Topic: What do you think are the three most important elements of love? What do they entail?

Writing practice (2) : 

Writing practice (2) Sample 1 In my opinion, understanding, respect and responsibility are the three most important elements of love. Love means knowledge or understanding. By knowledge, I mean I know the person I love. I am aware of the many sides of the other person not just the beautiful side but also the imperfections. Love means having respect for the dignity of the person I love. If I love you I can see you as a separate person with your own values, feelings and interests. I do not insist that you give up your own identity and conform to what I expect you to be.

Slide 122: 

Love means responsibility towards the person I love. If I love you, I'm responsive to most of your needs as a person. I am directly involved in your happiness and misery. All in all, understanding, respect and responsibility are the three most important elements of love.

Writing practice (3) : 

Writing practice (3) Sample 2 As far as I'm concerned, the most important elements of love are knowledge, tolerance of imperfection and its reciprocal nature. Knowledge means not only being aware of what the other person is now, but also seeing the potential within the person. It implies knowing the person inside out not only the strengths but also the weaknesses, not only the obvious characteristics, but also the inner self.

Slide 124: 

Tolerance of imperfection entails a willingness to stay with each other in hard times and see each other's problems through. In this imperfect world, both sides should be prepared for times of pain, failure and despair, and believe that love can make the world go round. By nature love is reciprocal. It involves two sides. Both persons love and are loved; care and are cared for. They both benefit from their love; they are a stimulant for each other to become more fully what they might become. (153 words)

Group Work:Imagine What your graduation farewell party will be, and prepare a story about the party or an event that happens at the party. Control the total length of the story within 10 minutes. : 

Group Work:Imagine What your graduation farewell party will be, and prepare a story about the party or an event that happens at the party. Control the total length of the story within 10 minutes.

Slide 126: 

Good bye!

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