Preparation of interview

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Preparation OF Interview By- N.S.Padmavat

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Interviewing-What is  it? Interviewing is a skill- like riding your bike PRACTICE makes PERFECT Interviewing is a  two-way street  Employers are  attempting to determine if you are an  appropriate fit for the job and their  culture You decide if the environment is right for you. A structured  meeting between you and an  employer

Types of  Interviews : 

Types of  Interviews Phone: used  as an initial screen of candidates or  to narrow the pool of applicants One-on-One: most common interview style and incorporates you with the potential employer Panel or Group: allows many individuals to interview you at once Meal: used to see how you interact or function in a social setting Second or On-site Interview: this allows one to get a tour of the facility, meet the staff, and additional questioning from different employees and/or administration

Pre-Interview Preparation : 

Consider the interview as your final opportunity to market yourself.  Establish your objectives for the interview.  Think about ways of reinforcing your strengths and addressing your weaknesses.  Be prepared to support your claims in the application essays.  Good preparation will also help you relax somewhat during the interview. Pre-Interview Preparation

Pre-Interview Preparation : 

Pre-Interview Preparation Research position,  company, & industry  Know yourself and be able to articulate skills, strengths, accomplishments, and career goals Prepare necessary materials (Copies of resume, references, portfolio/pen, palm pilot or organizer, breath mints) Ask for directions and where to park .

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Prepare for the typical interview questions.  Most of the interview questions come from two categories (1) Standard questions for all students like Why MBA, Why Yale etc.(2) Questions tailor-made for you based on your essays and your resume.The interviewer may wish to probe into some of your claims to fame in your essays.  Be sure to review your application, essays and resume prior to the interview.  The worst thing you can do is contradicting yourself at the interview.

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Why do you wish to pursue the program that you have applied to? Why do you want to attend this school? Name some other schools that you have applied to? Tell me about yourself. What are your career goals? Where do you see yourself in ten years? What value can you add to the program? What are your greatest achievements? What do you consider your three top strengths/weaknesses? Why should we accept you? Do you have any questions?

How to Interview for an Engineering Job : 

How to Interview for an Engineering Job Professionals in the engineering field typically fill a specific technical niche within a company. While interviewing for an engineering position, use the opportunity to discuss the technical training you have attained and how your technical skills fill the company's need. The main objective is to convince the company that your engineering background is a match for their needs.

Instructions : 

Instructions Research the engineering firm or company that you're interviewing with. Learn their products, engineering processes, customers and suppliers. Prepare a list of engineering projects that you have worked on. Engineering positions can be won by illustrating your technical knowledge involved in specific projects.

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On The Day Of Interview

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Be prepared The best way to show positive body language at an interview is to be “natural, comfortable and confident,” says Martin. “It seems counterintuitive, but the best way to look natural is to practice.” Read a book or two about interviewing and then run through the entire interview process with a friend. Proper entry and proper exit should be there, proper handshake will be there. each and everybody movement is checked by Interviewer to assess you so be careful for everything.

Arriving : 

Arriving Be sure to allow yourself plenty of time to arrive at your destination (you may want to conduct a dry run prior to your interview day) Try to arrive 10-15 minutes early at the site to allow you to park, walk to the interview, use the restroom, or just gather yourself

Greeting & Introduction : 

Greeting & Introduction Only 1  chance to make a good 1st impression Dress appropriately Smile Maintain eye contact Firm handshake Remain poised and confident

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During An Interview

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Dressing Guidelines For Interview Dress Conservative clothing is generally recommended, but there are exceptions where “business casual” clothing is appropriate interview attire (e.g., artistic - photographer, musician, actor/actress - and recreation jobs). Regardless of which type of attire you choose, keep in mind that first impressions are based on the 12 x 12 x 12 principle. People judge you first from 12 feet away (how you are dressed and carry yourself), 12 inches away (personal hygiene), and on the first 12 words out of your mouth (what you sound like and what you have to say).

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Men and Women ♦ Conservative two-piece business suit (dark blue or gray is best, but tan is also acceptable) ♦ Long-sleeved shirt/blouse (white is best) ♦ Well-groomed hairstyle ♦ Clean, trimmed fingernails ♦ Minimal cologne or perfume ♦ Empty pockets - no tinkling coins, keys, etc. ♦ No gum, candy or cigarettes ♦ No visible body piercing (nose rings, eyebrow rings, etc.) ♦ No more than one ring on each hand ♦ No cell phones or beepers ♦ A portfolio conveys a sense of professionalism

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Men Suits: A good quality woven blend of natural fibers looks professional. Avoid bold plaids, bold pinstripes, contrasting slacks and sport coat, and light colors.

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Shirts: A good quality white button-down or white classic collar is preferred. Be sure it is ironed. Ties: Conservative stripes or paisleys that complement your suit. Silk or good quality blends only. Shoes: Dark, clean, polished shoes (black lace-ups are best) ♦ Over-the-calf socks that either match your suit or are black ♦ Mustaches and beards are possible negatives, but if you must, make sure they are neatly trimmed ♦ No earrings (if you normally wear one, take it out)

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Men's Interview Attire Solid color, conservative suit White long sleeve shirt Conservative tie Dark socks, professional shoes Very limited jewelry Neat, professional hairstyle Go easy on the aftershave Neatly trimmed nails Portfolio or briefcase

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Women Suits, Dresses: Conservative business suit or dress of natural or woven blend fabric: skirt length should be to the bottom of the knee (at least).

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Blouses: Simple style; white or soft colors. Avoid low-cut necklines or frilly styles. Shoes: No high heels, shoe color should match your outfit. ♦ Hosiery at or near skin color ♦ If you wear nail polish (not required), use clear or a conservative color ♦ Minimal use of make-up ♦ One set of earrings

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Women's Interview Attire Solid color, conservative suit Coordinated blouse Moderate shoes Limited jewelry Neat, professional hairstyle Tan or light hosiery Sparse make-up & perfume Manicured nails Portfolio or briefcase

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Hair-styles Packaging and presenting yourself the right way does make a difference

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Men Men should have an easy time preparing their hairstyles for job interviews. In most cases, a clean, short and newly cut hairstyle will put you above the rest. Showing a professional manner, in not only speech and action, but in appearance, too, tells the interviewer that you are serious about the job and ready to work. Go to your barber a day or two before the interview and ask for a cut that is short on the sides, and is blended into a slightly longer top. Don't go the day of the interview, because if you don't like the cut, you'll want time to have it changed to a more acceptable haircut.

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If you are applying for a more liberal or creativity-based job, the rules may be a little more lax when it comes to hairstyles. However, your hair should always be clean and neatly styled, no matter where you are interviewing. Leave any sort of baseball cap at home, and go easy on styling products; natural hair is best.

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Short Hair StylesShort Hair can be easy to maintain and look attractive. Long Hair StylesLong hair should be Combed and arranged nicely Short Hair StylesShort Hair can be easy to maintain and look attractive.

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Women Women, especially those with longer hair, have a little more leeway when it comes to choosing a hairstyle for their interviews. While you may be tempted to wear a new and intricate hairstyle, one with lots of pins, hairspray and accessories, it is best to choose something simple and professional. The best way to wear your hair for an interview is to keep it conservative, such as wearing it down and loose, as long it looks neat and tidy. Stay away from too much product, especially those that are scented, as they may smell offensive to the interviewer.

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If you want to wear your hair up, wear a conservative chignon for a professional, neat look. A low ponytail can also be a good but serious choice.  If you are interviewing for a more creative job, a pixie cut shows that you are fashion forward, yet still serious enough to be a hard worker. Don't color your hair drastically before an interview; keep your hair as close to its natural color as possible to look polished and ready to work.

Body Language:  What signals are you sending? : 

Body Language:  What signals are you sending? Positive  Signals Leaning forward = interest Smiling = friendly Nodding = attentive and alert Eye contact = curious and focused  Negative  Signals Crossed arms = defensive Fidgeting hands or tapping feet = nervous or bored Lack of eye contact = untrustworthy Leaning back= discomfort

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Posture – Posture sends the signal of your confidence and power potential. Stand tall, walk tall, and most of all, sit tall. I don't say this to offend the "short people" of the world--in fact, I'm under 5'5", which is a full seven inches shorter than your proverbial 6-footer IBMer. It's a myth--I used to work for IBM along with several other "vertically challenged" people. Height is not what's important, posture is. And when you are seated, make sure you sit at the front edge of the chair, slightly leaning forward, intent on the subject at hand. Your best posture is to always be learning forward slightly, moving within an overall range of no more than 10 back or 20 forward

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Crossed arms, closed palms, clenched fists etc send out negative ripples.Here are some more interesting interpretations of the body language: Chewing or biting nails/Patting or fondling hair/Fiddling with jeweler etc project insecurity, nervousness and lack of self-confidence. Rubbing your eye, looking down and turning your face away conveys disbelief and doubt. Stroking your chin, pulling or tugging at your ear etc indicates indecisiveness. Tilted head shows your interest while tapping your fingers is a sign of impatience.

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Smiling also is a positive sign but make sure he isn't smiling at the wrong time, which could indicate a negative influence. If the interviewer has his legs crossed with his hands clasped at the back of his head, it's better you think twice before taking the offer as this posture exaggerates extreme arrogance and superiority.

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Mouth movements can give away all sorts of clues. We purse our lips and sometimes twist them to the side when we're thinking. Another occasion we might use this movement is to hold back an angry comment we don't wish to reveal.

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Gestures – Contrary to popular belief, gestures should be very limited during the interview. So please don't use artificial gestures to supposedly heighten the importance of the issue at hand (pardon the pun). It will merely come off as theatrical. When you do use gestures, make sure they are sincere and meaningful.

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Facial Expressions Face is the index of mind. Your face is the most transparent medium in your body and every expression will send out large volumes of signals, both positive and negative. Eye contact is another very important aspect. Always maintain direct eye contact. Fickle eye movements suggest insincerity. However make sure that in an effort to maintain eye contact, you do not come across as offensive and intimidating.

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It's almost as if four years of college has left some students brain dead or worse. Some recruiters (not myself, of course) have been known to hang humorous labels on these students, such as "Ms. Bewildered" (who looked quizzical during the interview) or "Mr. Psycho-Ax-Murderer" (who looked wide-eyed and determined to do something, although you dare not ask what!).

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Eye Contact – Unequaled in importance! If you have a habit of looking away while listening, it shows lack of interest and a short attention span. If you fail to maintain eye contact while speaking, at a minimum it shows lack of confidence in what you are saying and at a maximum may send the subtle indication that you may be lying. Don't just assume you have good eye contact. Ask. Watch. Then practice. Ask others if you ever lack proper eye contact. If they respond that they did notice, ask if it was during speaking or listening.

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Take note. Next, watch yourself on videotape. It doesn't necessarily have to be your mock interview videotape. In fact, if you were videotaped informally (that is, you were not aware you were being taped), this will typically provide even stronger evidence. Then sit down with a friend and practice until you are comfortable maintaining sincere, continuous eye contact.

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Be an active listener Ears, yes your ears play a vital role in communication with others, even though general terms most people can't move them much, if at all. However, you've got two ears and only one mouth, so try to use them in that order. If you listen twice as much as you talk you come across as a good communicator who knows how to strike up a balanced a conversation without being me, me, me or the wallflower.

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“Forget about your feet, forget about the windows. Dedicate yourself to the interviewer,” says Marín. Don’t stare the interviewer down, but do maintain eye contact. Examples of proper body language include leaning forward, nodding and smiling when appropriate. Not only will you look interested, but it’ll probably be easier to pay attention, and to notice the interviewer’s nonverbal cues to you

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Space – Recognize the boundaries of your personal space and that of others. If you are typical of most Americans, it will range between 30 and 36 inches. Be prepared, however, not to back up or move away from someone who has a personal space that is smaller than your own. Hang in there, take a deep breath, and stand your ground. For most of us, merely the awareness of our personal space is enough to consciously prompt us to stand firm. If you have a smaller than average personal space, make sure you keep your distance so that you don't intimidate someone who possesses a larger personal space

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Starting An Interview

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Palms slightly up and outward is seen as open and friendly. Palm down gestures are generally seen as dominant, emphasizing and possibly aggressive, especially when there is no movement or bending between the wrist and the forearm. This palm up, palm down is very important when it comes to handshaking and where appropriate we suggest you always offer a handshake upright and vertical, which should convey equality Hand Shake

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The interviewer will usually offer you a chair. If not, go to the chair across from him or her and ask if it alright to sit. “Use the entire chair,” suggests Harry Marín, a retired executive from such companies as Pueblo Supermarkets and the Puerto Rico Telephone Company. “If you’re sitting on the edge, you’re going to look nervous and uncomfortable.”

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Start strong. The interview starts the moment you step into the room. Walk in tall, with a smile on your face. Make sure your hand is free, and offer it to the interviewer. Make the handshake strong and firm, pumping hands once or twice, then release. A weak handshake and bone-crushers can both leave a negative impression. Don’t be afraid to practice shaking hands before your interview.

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If you are aware of these body traits, you could use it to your advantage to evaluate your recruiter, If the recruiter's eyes wander away in search of something more interesting, then it means that your communication is not up to the mark and that there is a level of discomfort. If he nods in acceptance as you are conversing, it's a positive vibe and it also indicates that the person is listening to you.

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Remember to be relaxed during an interview, your hands on either sides in front of you and maintain positive eye contact. Do not be over casual and lean right back on your chair, but position yourself in such a way that you face the person directly and show a keen interest in the opening and the company.

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What if you’re being interviewed by a group of people? Marín recommends to “talk directly to the person that’s asking the question. Once you have fully answered the question to that individual, then look at the other interviewers. You shouldn’t ignore any of the people who are interviewing, but you should give priority to the person who’s asking the question.”

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After An Interview

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Send a follow-up email to everyone that you talked to during the interview. Thank them for their time and, once again, reiterate why your engineering background and technical skills are a match for their engineering position

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Thank you & All the Best

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