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Russian Art in the Early 20th Century : 

By: Dalia Elward Dianne Youssef Collette Curtis Russian Art in the Early 20th Century




1883-1948 Highly Influential Russian “Avant-Garde” Painter. Wrote the book “Neo-Primitivism” in 1913. ALEXANDER SHEVCHENKO


PAVEL FILONOV Born in Moscow in 1883. Believed that objects and fields should be built up from small details and bits. Died in Leningrad in 1941.

Natalia Goncharova(1881-1962) : 

Developed RAYONISM along with husband Mikhail Larionov. Her style went beyond abstraction portraying speed, technology, and modernity. Natalia Goncharova(1881-1962)


1878-1935 Originated the Avante-Garde “Suprematist” movement in 1915. Focused on fundamental geometric shapes. KAZMIR MALEVICH

Igor Fyodorovich STRAVINSKY : 

1882-1971 Russian-born composer considered by many to be the most influential composer of the 20th century. Rhythmic energy, construction of extended melodic ideas out of 2 or 3 note cells, and instrumentation. Collaborated with Picasso in the “Pulcinella” . Igor Fyodorovich STRAVINSKY


An artistic and architectural movement that began in Russia in 1919 and died down around 1934. It focused on creating art that had a social purpose and not just creating art for visual pleasure. Started when sculptor Vladimir Tatlin visited Paris and saw the works of Picasso and Brague. Works were not based on abstract ideas but were concrete and tangible. Dealt with the economic and social problems of the time. Artwork did not always have to be "fine art", the best pieces were often "practical art”. Artists were young Russians trying to depict their own understanding of modern art. Mostly three dimensional and was often linked to their personal Proletarian beliefs. CONSTRUCTIVISM

Vladimir Tatlin (1885-1954) : 

Most known for Monument to the Third Internation, or Tatlin's Tower. Planned out in 1920 but never carried out due to its projected cost. Supposed to be one third tallerthan the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The tower would be constructed of iron, glass and steel and would compose of 3 building blocks rotating at different speeds. The first would be a cube, that rotated once a year, then pyramid once a month and a cylinder once a day. Vladimir Tatlin (1885-1954)

Liubov Popova 1889-1924 : 

She worked on Constuctivist projects starting in 1921 and untill 1924, often in conjuction with Alexander Vesnin. Set designs the most famous being, VsevolodMeyerhold's production of FernandCrommeldynck's The Magnanamous Cuckold in 1922. This was clearly a Constructivist based play, the Director wanted to collaborate visual arts and theater in a non-representative, utilitarian "anti-art" way. Liubov Popova 1889-1924

Suprematism : 

Part of the modern movement and was based on geometric forms. Founded by Kazimir Malevich in 1913, around the same time Constructivism was developing. According to Malevich, Suprematism aimed "to liberate art from the ballast od the representational world”. Work of art would consist of geometric forms without any representation or anything signifying form. Clear, uncongested and conveyed the new importance of "thought”. Suprematism

Kazimir Malevich 1878-1935 : 

"I felt only night within me and it was then that I conceived the new art, which I called Suprematism. ” Malevich's explaination of the new art form and his most famous piece, "Black Square on a White Ground”. The movement is best represented by "Supremus No. 58" , created in 1916. You can see the basic geometric forms, circle and squares and the use of open space, the title itself has no meaning, just explains that it is part of the Suprematism movement. Kazimir Malevich 1878-1935

Rayonism : 

Style of abstract art that developed in Russia in 1911. Very futuristic style of art developed by Mikhail Larionov and NataliaGoncharova. Larionovpublished a pamphlet entitled "Rayonist Painting," which contained an extensive description of the theory and practice of Rayonist art. “If we wish to paint literally what we see, then we must paint the sum of rays reflected from the object. But in order to receive the total sum of rays from the desired object, we must select them deliberately -- because together with the rays of the object being perceived, there also fall into our range of vision reflected reflex rays belonging to other nearby objects.”“ Perception, not of the object itself, but of the sum of rays from it, is, by its very nature, much closer to the symbolic surface of the picture than is the object itself.” Rayonism

Socialist Realism : 

Style of realistic art developed around the early 1930’s which commonly depicted people in real working environments.· They showed the working class in a light that portrayed them as admirable.·        It was created to counter romanticism and idealism to show the actual consequences of the Industrial Revolution.·        The socialists pledged to “Fight the Beautiful Art” and focus on the realities, no matter how ugly they may be.·        At this point in time censorship was being heavily enforced and artists were forced to abide by the laws of the government which dictated that the work follow basic criteria.·        In 1934, congress laid down four rules for what became known as "Socialist Realism"·        1. Proletarian- art relevant to the workers and understandable to them.·        2. Typical- scenes of every day life of the people.·        3. Realistic - in the representational sense.·        4. Partisan - supportive of the aims of the State and the Party·        The reason for this censorship was to promote communism and create what Lenin called “The New Soviet Man”· Socialist Realism

Female Worker by Boris Eremeevich VLADIMIRSKI : 

Female Worker by Boris Eremeevich VLADIMIRSKI Lenin with Villagers by EvdokiyaUsikova

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