TOEFL briefing

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TOEFL BRIEFING : 

TOEFL BRIEFING BY Dr.Akmal.M.Hum,M.Sc pbfe-ugm 2009

Personal info : 

Born in 1965 Married with three children Drs – in English,UGM M.Hum - in English,UGM M.Sc –in Educational Technology,Univ Twente, Netherlands Ph.D preparation --in Education Moscowski Univ,Russia Diploma --- in Multimedia, Multimeida Univ (MMU),Malaysia Ph.D -------in Education,Univ of Pune Travelling: Singapore,Malaysia, India, Moscow, Netherlands, Germany, Belgium,France, Australia,Brunei. Personal info

What is TOEFL ? : 

Toefl stands for Test Of English as a Foreign Language administered by ETS New Jersey,USA It is used for scholarship competition & university admission It is accepted world-wide including UK and Australia Other type of tests TOEIC—is used for non-academic just for International Communication (to work at the companies) IELTS –International English Language Testing Service is only accepted at UK and Australia GMAT—General Management Ability Test What is TOEFL ?

Component of toefl test : 

Listening / section 1. Questions 1-50 35 minutes Part A Short dialogue qws: No:1-30 Part B Longer Conversation 31-38 Part C Talks Talk 1 for number 39-42 Talk 2 43-46 Talk 3 47-50 Score: Number of correct Conversion 20 45 Component of toefl test

Component of toefl test : 

Structure / section 2. Questions 1-40 25 minutes Incomplete Sentence qws: No:1-15 Written Expression 16-40 Score: Number of correct Conversion 21 45 Reading/Section 3 . Questions 1-50 55 minutes Several passages (asking main purpose, references, topic, not true, title, tone, course, not mentioned, main idea, etc) Score: Number of correct Conversion 26 45 Total=135 x 10=1350 : 3 = 450 Component of toefl test

Score Policies : 

600-more it means the admission assured for graduate students (S2) 550-599 it means the admission assured for undergraduate students (S1) 500-549 it means the admission probable for undergraduate students (S1) 450-499 it means individual case reviewed 499 or less it means admission doubtful Score Policies

Strategies : 

Listening (question No.1-30) * 1st Read all the answers 2nd Concentrate on the second speaker Speaker A: Speaker B: ………………………………………… Question: What does the woman mean? answers: a. b c. d. Now let’s do the exercises Strategies

Longer conversation (qws No.31-38) : 

Strategies *1st Read the answers 2nd listen to the tape 3rd answer the questions (wh-questions) Let’s do some exercises Talk (qws No.39-50) *1st Read the answers 2nd listen to the tape 3rd answer the questions (wh-questions) Let’s do the exercises Longer conversation (qws No.31-38)

Structure questions 1-50 : 

Subject + Predicate Noun verb (+s,+es,+ed,+d,irregular) To infinitive can,may.must,should,etc Gerund has,have,had, been Noun clause do,does,did, will,would, There is,am,are,was,were every Noun each…………………... all ……………………. most of………………. a number of …/some/many/few/fewer + countable Noun (plural) an amount of …./little/less/much + uncountable Noun 2. Check Subject +…….Modifier…..+ Predicat appositive present participle (verb ing / yg me-/ber--) past participle (verb III/yg di-/ter--- adjective clause (which…+ verb ---yg) Adverb of place Examples and Exercises Structure questions 1-50 Strategies1. Check the Subject & Predicate

appositive : 

Subject, Noun, Predicate Janet, the tailor, is my good friend appositive

Present participle : 

Subject, verb ing , Predicate Example The visitor, walking on the alley, is tall Present participle

Past participle : 

Subject, verb III, Predicate Example The wall, painted blue, is not so tall Past participle

Adjective clause : 

Subject …………………….predicate The man who walks on the alley is not so tall when that which In which + verb For which How whom/to whom Subject ,adv of place , Pred Let’s do some exercies Adjective clause

Slide 14: 

3.Check the Adverb…………., Subject + P +Obj/Compl As Since + Verb ing / verb III / Adj, Subj + P + obj/compl When ( Reduced adv ) After Before talking about it, we should prepare the data 4.Check the inversion Adverb of place……… Pred + Subject Not once Never… Rarely does he take time off In the closet are the clothes that you want 5. Subj + Pred + Obj + Adverb ……………………… because S+ P because + Verb ing/verb III/ adj (reduced adv) because of + Noun/Object

6. Check the conjunctions : 

Sentence + connector + sentence phrase phrase word word ..and…, …or…, …………. but… (parallel structure) both……and, not only…but also either….or…,neither…nor……(paired conjunction) when, though,although,etc (adverbial conjunction) 6. Check the conjunctions Let’s do some Exercises

7.Conjunctions (adverbial) : 

For time –after,before,by,since, till,until,as long as, by the time, whenever, as soon as,etc For cause and effect---because, because of, since, now that, as, in as much as, considering that,because of,due to,ascribe to, on account of For the results--- therefore, thus, that’s why, as the consequence, as the results,so,accordingly, hence, thence For contrast ----however,yet, still,nevertheless, whereas, though, on the other hand, reveresly,nonetheless 7.Conjunctions (adverbial) Examples and Exercises

8.Noun clause : 

Subject + Pred + Obj/compl Apple is good (Noun) What I buy from the market is good for our health Noun clause + Pred + Obj/compl (menggantikan posisi benda) I buy an apple (noun) I buy a very good thing for our health (noun phrase) 8.Noun clause

9.Changing time changing tense : 

Eat---now I am eating yesterday I ate tomorrow I will eat since …till now I have eaten since ….till…in the past I had eaten english Tenses—Present Past Perfect 9.Changing time changing tense

10. Check passive : 

Passive ( di-/ter-) Subject + is/am/are + verb III was/were + verb III has/have/had + been +verb III can/may/must/should +be+verb III will /would/shall + be + verb III is /am/are being + verb III is/am/are going to be + verb III 10. Check passive Examples and Exercises

11.Comparative& Superlative : 

Comparisons 1.Mirip --like,alike,look like,similar to 2.Sama --as…..as, the same as, the same…..as 3.Lebih ---more…than, …er than,less..than, fewer than 4.Paling—the most….., the…est 5.Semakin…semakin the more……, the more…. the ….er , the …er 11.Comparative& Superlative

miscellaneous : 

miscellaneous Other + plural a lot of,a few,few,many,any Another + sing many more lots of,plenty of,some , Others +xxxxx a number of,a great many Each other, one and another used for countable noun any,a little,little,some, An + vowel sound (a,I,u,e,o,h,) much, much more, A+ consonant sound (b,t,c,university) an amount of, The+ plural/name/known used for uncountable noun Enough + noun Adj + enough

12.Modifier sequences : 

12.Modifier sequences adj+ noun adj+adj—happy married Adv +Adj + Noun white blue car Adv+ Verb noun+adj Verb + Adverb window one meter wide Noun – noun noun verb+obj+adj (adjectives) make me sad I visited a five-star hotel verb+adj I visited two five –star hotels feel good

13.Use to : 

13.Use to Use to + verb 1—digunakan untuk Used to + verb 1--- terbiasa dahulu Is.am.are used to + verb ing-sdg terbiasa Get used to + verb1—akan terbiasa It uses to drill the tunnel I used to smoke cigarette I am used to eating gudeg I get used to drink milk

14. Conditional1. If ……present.., S + will/verb 1 will be + noun/adj /place2. if……..past……, S + would/verbII would be+ noun/adj/place3. if …….perfect….S + would have+verb III would have been + noun adj place had,were = if Had he taken more time, the results would have been better. : 

14. Conditional1. If ……present.., S + will/verb 1 will be + noun/adj /place2. if……..past……, S + would/verbII would be+ noun/adj/place3. if …….perfect….S + would have+verb III would have been + noun adj place had,were = if Had he taken more time, the results would have been better.

15. Part of Speech Suffixes : 

15. Part of Speech Suffixes

READING There are 50 questions that should be answered in 55 minutes. So the student should read the paragraph and answer one question within 1,1minutes. Strategies:1. Skim the passage in 2-3 minutes to get the sense of main idea, structure or organization of passage.2. Review the question (scan the answer)3. Reference should be tackled first. 4. Take a moment for deep breathing before starting new passage. This helps keeping concentration intact. 5. Increase your vocabulary by reading a lot; any books, not only in your field of specialty.

Asking about references The word “ it “ in line…… refers to … The word “……” in line…….. means… The word “……..” in line …… is closest in meaning to The word”…..” in line…could be best replaced by … : 

Asking about main ideas of the paragraph What is the topic of the paragraph? What is the subject of the passage? What is the main idea of the passage? What is the author’s main point? What is the best title of the text? Where in the passage does the author describe.. Asking about references The word “ it “ in line…… refers to … The word “……” in line…….. means… The word “……..” in line …… is closest in meaning to The word”…..” in line…could be best replaced by … Asking about tone, purpose, or course What is tone of the passage? What is the author’s purpose in the passage? In which course would this reading be assigned?

Slide 28: 

Asking about organization of the paragraph How is the information in the passage organized? How is the information in the first paragraph related to the second paragraph? Asking about detail of the passage Which of the following is not true? Which of the following is not true? According to the passage………. The passage indicates that……… Asking about implied meaning It can be inferred from the passage that…… It is implied in the passage that ……. What is probably the previous passage about? What probably happened next?

Slide 29: 

Thank you

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