MUNSHI PREMCHAND-{ASWIN SAMBHU.P.R}

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Slide 1: 

ihndI p`ayaaojanaa kaya-

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p`stut kta- % AiSvana , , pI Aar % kxaa navaI 'A' SaMBaU klama ko isapahI p`omacaMd

inaYaa ,vaI ,saI TI ,jaI ,TI , ihndI izsj.kk ,oa ekxZ n’kZd

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klama ko isapahI p`omacaMd p`omacaMd ko ]pnaama sao ilaKnao vaalao Qanapt raya EaIvaastva ihndI AaOr ]dU- ko mahanatma BaartIya laoKkaoM maoM sao ek hO.]nhoM mauMSaI p`omacaMd va navaaba raya naama sao BaI jaanaa jaata hOM AaOr ]pnyaasa saama`aT ko naama sao sammaainat ikyaa jaata hO.[sa naama sao ]nhoM sava-pqama baMgaala ko iva#yaat ]pnyaasakar SartcaMd/ ca+aopaQyaaya nao saMbaaoiQat ikyaa qaa. p`omacaMd nao ihndI khaina AaOr ]pnyaasa kI ek eosaI prMpra ka ivakasa ikyaa ijasa pr pUrI SatI ka saaih%ya Aagao cala saka.[sanao Aanao vaalaI ek pUrI pIZ,I kao naIva rKI.]naka loaKna ihndI saaih%ya ek eosaI ivarasat hO ijasako ibanaa ihndI ka ivakasa saMBava hI nahIM qaa.

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vaoo ek safla laoKkÊ doSaBa@t naagairkÊ kuSala va>aÊ ija,mmaodar saMpadk AaOr saMvaodnaSaIla rcanaakar qoa.baIsavaIM SatI ko pUvaa-w- maoM jaba ihndI maoM kama krnao kI tknaIkI sauivaQaae¡ nahIM qaIM [tnaa kama krnao vaalaa laoKk ]nako isavaa kao[- dUsara nahIM huAa.p`omacaMd ko baad ijana laaogaaoM nao saaih%ya kao saamaaijak saraokaraoM AaOr p`gaitSaIla maUlyaaoM ko saaqa Aagao baZ,nao ka kama ikyaaÊ ]nako saaqa p`omacaMd kI dI hu[- ivarasat AaOr prMpra hI kama kr rhI qaI.baad kI tmaama pIiZ,yaaMoÊ ijasamaoM yaSapala sao laokr maui>baaoQa tk Saaimala hOMÊ kao p`omacaMd ko rcanaa­kma- nao idSaa p`dana kI.

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jaIvana pircaya p`omacaMd ka janma 31 jaulaa[- 1880 kao vaaraNasaI ko inakT lamahI gaa¡va maoM huAa qaa.]nakI maata ka naama AanandI dovaI qaa tqaa ipta mauMSaI Ajaayabaraya lamahI maoM DakmauMSaI qao.]nakI iSaxaa ka AarMBa ]dU-Ê farsaI sao huAa AaOr jaIvana yaapna ka AQyaapna sao.1898 maoM maOiT/k kI prIxaa ]%tINa- krnao ko baad vao ek sqaanaIya ivaValaya maoM iSaxak inayau> hao gae.naaOkrI ko saaqa hI ]nhaoMnao pZ,a[- jaarI rKI 1910 maoM [Tr pasa ikyaa AaOr 1919 maoM baI ,e , pasa krnao ko baad skUlaaoM ko iDPTI saba [Mspo@Tr pd pr inayau> hue.saat vaYa- kI Avasqaa maoM ]nakI maata tqaa caaOdh vaYa- kI Avasqaa maoM ipta dohaMt hao jaanao ko karNa ]naka p`arMiBak jaIvana saMGaYa-maya rha.]naka phlaa ivavaah ]na idnaaoM kI prMpra ko Anausaar pMd/h saala kI ]ma/ maoM huAa jaao safla nahIM rha.vao Aaya- samaaja sao p`Baaivat rho Ê jaao ]sa samaya ka bahut baD,a Qaaima-k AaOr saamaaijak AMadaolana qaa.

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]nhaoMnao ivaQavaa­ivavaah ka samaqa-na ikyaa AaOr 1906 maoM dUsara ivavaah ApnaI p`gaitSaIla prMpra ko Anausaar baala­ivaQavaa iSavaranaI dovaI sao ikyaa.]nakI tIna saMtana hu[M-­EaIpat raya Ê AmaRtraya AaOr kmalaa dovaI EaIvaastva.1910 maoM ]nakI rcanaa saaojao­vatna ¼raYT/ ka ivalaap½ ko ilae hmaIrpur ko ijalaa klao@Tr nao tlaba ikyaa AaOr ]na pr janata kao BaD,kanao ka Aaraop lagaayaa.saaojao­vatna kI saBaI p`ityaaM jabt kr naYT kr dI ga[-.klao@Tr nao navaabaraya kao ihdayat dI ik Aba vao kuC BaI nahIM ilaKoMgao Ê yaid ilaKa tao jaola Baoja idyaa jaaegaa.[sa samaya tk p`omacaMd ÊQanapt raya naama sao ilaKto qao.]dU- maoM p`kaiSat haonao vaalaI ja,maanaa pi~ka ko sampadk mauMSaI dyaanaarayaNa inagama nao ]nhoM p`omacaMd naama sao ilaKnao kI salaah dI. [sako baad vao p`omacaMd ko naama sao ilaKnao lagao.jaIvana ko AMitma idnaaoM maoM vao gaMBaIr $p sao baImaar pDo,.]naka ]pnyaasa maMgalasaU~ pUra nahIM hao saka AaOr laMbaI baImaarI ko baad 8 A@TUbar 1936 kao ]naka inaQana hao gayaa.

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kRityaa ¡ Pa`omacaMd kI rcanaa­dRiYTÊ ivaiBanna saaih%ya $paoM maoMÊ AiBavya> hu[-.vah bahumauKI p`itBaa saMpnna saaih%yakar qao.]nhaoMnao ]pnyaasaÊ khanaIÊ naaTkÊ samaIxaaÊ laoKÊ sampadkIyaÊ saMsmarNa Aaid Anaok ivaQaaAaoM maoM saaih%ya kI saRiYT kI ikntu p`mauK $p sao vah kqaakar hOM.]nhoM Apnao jaIvana kala maoM hI ‘]pnyaasa sama`aT’ kI pdvaI imala gayaI qaI.]nhaoMnao kula 15 ]pnyaasaÊ 300 sao kuC AiQak khainayaa¡Ê 3 naaTkÊ 10 AnauvaadÊ 7 baala­pustkoM tqaa hjaaraoM pRYTaoM ko laoKÊ sampadkIyaÊ BaaYaNaÊ BaUimakaÊ p~ Aaid kI rcanaa kI laoikna jaao yaSa AaOr p`itYza ]nhoM ]pnyaasa AaOr khainayaaoM sao p`aPt hu[-Ê vah Anya ivaQaaAaoM sao p`aPt na hao sakI.yah isqait ihndI AaOr ]d-U BaaYaa daonaaoM mao samaana $p sao idKa[- dotI hO.]nhaoMnao ‘rMgaBaUima’ tk ko saBaI ]pnyaasa phlao ]d-U BaaYaa maoM ilaKo qao AaOr kayaaklp sao laokr ApUNa- ]pnyaasa ‘maMgalasaU~’ tk saBaI ]pnyaasa maUlat: ihndI maoM ilaKo.

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P`oamacaMd kqaa­saaih%ya maoM ]nako ]pnyaakar ka AarMBa phlao haota hOM.]naka phlaa ]d-U ]pnyaasa ¼ApUNa- ½ ‘Asararo maAaibat ]f-, dovasqaana rhsya’ ]d-U saaPtaihk “Aavaaja,­e­Klk,” maoM 8 A>UbarÊ 1903 sao 1 frvarIÊ 1905 tk Qaaravaaihk $p maoM p`kaiSat huAa. ]nakI phlaI ]dU- khaina duinayaa ka sabasao Anamaaola rtna kanapur sao p`kaiSat haonao vaalaI ja,maanaa naamak pi~ka maoM 1908 maoM CpI.]nako kula 15 ]pnyaasaÊ ijasamaoM 2 ApUNa- hO.baad maoM [nhoM AnaUidt yaa $pantirt ikyaa gayaa.p`omacaMd kI maR%yaU ko baad BaI ]nakI khainayaaoM ko k[- saMpaidt saMskrNa inaklao ijanamaoM kfna AaOr SaoYa rcanaae¡ 1937 maoM tqaa naarI jaIvana kI khainayaa¡ 1938 maoM banaarsa sao p`kaiSat hue. [sako baad p`omacaMd kI eoithaisak khainayaa¡ tqaa p`omacaMd kI p`oma saMbaMQaI khainayaa¡ BaI kafI laaokip`ya saaibat hu[-.

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P`amauK rcanaae ¡ kma-BaUima rMgaBaUima gabana gaaodana P`aomaaEama inama-laa

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maanasaraovar (1,2,3) kfna manaaormaa saovaasadna

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EaI Qanapt raya EaIvaastva¸ jaao ihndI AaOr ]dU- ko laoKk p`omacMad ko naama sao p`isaw hue¸ ka janma 31 jaulaa[- 1880 kao vaaraNasaI ko inakT lamahI naamak ga`ama maoM huAa qaa. ]nakI p`arMiBak iSaxaa ArbaI AaOr farsaI maoM hu[-. 1898 maoM maOiT/k krnao ko baad ]nhaoMnao AQyaapna ko xao~ maoM p`vaoSa ikyaa saaqa hI Gar pr rh kr baI e kI prIxaa ]%tINa- kI. rajanaIitk ]qala puqala ko samaya ]nhaoMnao naaOkrI CaoD, dI AaOr Apnaa p`osa Kaola kr 'hMsa' AaOr 'jaagarNa' ka saMpadna krnao lagao. ]nakI kuC p`isaw rcanaaeM p`arMBa maoM ]dU- maoM ilaKI gayaIM AaOr baad maoM ]naka ihndI Anauvaad huAa. ]nhaoMnao 'maaQaurI' ka BaI saMpadna ikyaa tqaa bamba[- kI ek iflma kMpnaI maoM naaOkrI BaI kI pr AiQak idnaaoM tk na $k sako. ]nhoM 1936 maoM laKna} maoM Aayaaoijat sava-p`qama BaartIya saaih%ya sammaolana  ka saBaapit haonao ka gaaOrva p`aPt hO. ]psaMhar

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]nhaoMnao ihndI maoM khanaI AaOr ]pnyaasa kao saudRZ, naIva p`dana kI AaOr yaqaaqa-vaadI ica~Na sao doSavaaisayaaoM ka idla jaIt ilayaa. vao Apnao samaya maoM ihndI saaih%ya ko sabasao AiQak pZ,o jaanao vaalao AaOr laaokip`ya laoKk saaibat hue. ]nakI saaQaarNa mauhavarodar BaaYaa AasaanaI sao samaJa maoM AatI hO AaOr gahra[- sao idla maoM ]tr jaatI hO. ]nhaoMnao BaartIya samaaja kI kurIityaoaM AaOr ivaDmbanaaAaoM kao ApnaI khainayaaoM ka ivaYaya banaayaa. ]nako tIna ]pnyaasa gaaodana¸ inama-laa AaOr rMgaBaUima ivaSvajaala pr Da]nalaaoD ko ilayao ]plbaQa hOM. ]naka inaQana 8 A@tUbar 1936 kao huAa.

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sahayak ga`Mqa saUcaI AMtrjaala Internet ¼ ½ ihndI saaih%ya pustk mauMSaI Pa`omacaMd AMga`oja,I ­ ¼ ½ ¼ ½ pustk wikipedia encyclopedia ­

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Qanyavaad