PEI- Africa- Lessons- Learned

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UNDP-UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE (PEI): LESSONS FROM AFRICA : 

UNDP-UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE (PEI): LESSONS FROM AFRICA Themba Kalua Weitz Center for Development Studies Rohovot, Israel

BACKGROUND : 

BACKGROUND UNDP PEI - KENYA, TANZANIA, VIETNAM FUNDED BY EC & DFID UNEP POVERTY & ENVIRONMENT PILOT PROJECT - KENYA, UGANDA, TANZANIA, RWANDA, MOZAMBIQUE, MALI, MAURITANIA – FUNDED BY NORWAY & BELGIUM UNDP & UNEP COMBINED EFFORTS TO FORM THE JOINT UNDP-UNEP PEI IN AFRICA JOINT PROGRAMMING, BUDGETING & STAFF HIRING EXCELLENT EXAMPLE OF INTER-AGENCY CO-OPERATION LESSONS LEARNT KEY TO DEVELOPING PEI SCALE-UP NEW PEI COUNTRY PROGRAMMES IN AFRICA – BURKINA FASO, MALAWI, BOTSWANA PEI AFRICA BASIS OF SCALE-UP TO OTHER REGIONS – ASIA, LAC, EE & CIS

PEI Africa Country Programmes : 

PEI Africa Country Programmes KENYA UGANDA TANZANIA RWANDA MOZAMBIQUE MALI MAURITANIA Botswana Burkina Faso Malawi

WHAT HAS BEEN ACHIEVED? : 

WHAT HAS BEEN ACHIEVED? SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF HOW SUSTAINABILITY CAN HELP ACHIEVE DEVELOPMENT GOALS ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY INCLUDED AS AN OBJECTIVE IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS PARTIAL OPERATIONALISATION OF SUSTAINABILITY OBJECTIVES – E.G. INCREASED BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY BUT RESULTS VARY BY COUNTRY – FAILURE IN SOME COUNTRIES

KEY LESSON: BE VERY CLEAR WHAT THE PEI DOES & FOCUS ON THAT : 

KEY LESSON: BE VERY CLEAR WHAT THE PEI DOES & FOCUS ON THAT IT FOCUSES ON HOW ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY CAN CONTRIBUTE TO ECONOMIC & SOCIAL PRIORITIES INFLUENCING PLANNING, FINANCE & KEY SECTOR MINISTRIES

BE VERY CLEAR WHAT THE PEI IS NOT : 

BE VERY CLEAR WHAT THE PEI IS NOT IT IS NOT A ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECT OR ENVIRONMENT MINISTRY FUNDING MECHANISM IT IS NOT A ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME – IT IS A POVERTY-ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME.

WHY FOCUS ON PLANNING/FINANCE & SECTORS? : 

WHY FOCUS ON PLANNING/FINANCE & SECTORS? PEI focus on integrating environmental sustainability into Planning/Finance & key Sectors because: Planning/Finance sets national development priorities & allocates budgets Planning/Finance have responsibilities for cross-sectoral links Sectors make the decisions that impact the most on environment Environment Ministries too weak to influence P/F & key Sectors

WHY FOCUS ON PLANNING/FINANCE & SECTORS? : 

WHY FOCUS ON PLANNING/FINANCE & SECTORS? Yes, we want to build up capacity in Environment sector But will succeed only if key decision makers who set national & sectoral priorities & budgets are convinced environmental sustainability matters. Then resources will be allocated for implementation of environmental sustainability & building capacity in ENR sector

RECOGNISE SUBSTANTIVE EFFORT REQUIRED : 

RECOGNISE SUBSTANTIVE EFFORT REQUIRED CAPACITY GAPS IN COUNTRIES SUPPORTING CHANGE IN GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES WORKING IN MULTI-MINISTERIAL CONTEXT HIGH LEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT IN COUNTRY PROCESSES REQUIRED ‘STUBBORN PERSISTENCE & ATTENTION TO DETAIL’

LESSONS : 

LESSONS Adopt a joint Government-UN programmatic approach based on existing country processes. (E.G. PRSP) Ministry of Planning/Finance should lead Work with other donors from the beginning Prepare an institutional analysis focusing on how different ministries include environmentally sustainable natural resource use & how these resources are managed. This helps us to design a PEI country programme that focuses on the key issues in country

LESSONS : 

LESSONS Carry out economic analyses to show how environmentally sustainable natural resource use can improve economic & social development. Use very specific examples – e.g. Hydro electricity production lost from unsustainable water use & sedimentation. Use non-market values also – take a broad interpretation of economic costs & benefits as conventional economics can miss important ones – e.g. family fishing or fuel wood collection Use economic evidence tactically – e.g. Briefing notes Present evidence repeatedly in different meetings & working groups

LESSONS : 

LESSONS Intensive involvement in development planning process – daily, weekly in working groups, donor-government mechanisms, macro & sector level etc Work with Planning/Finance & key sectors to show how cost-benefit analysis can be improved to include environmental costs & benefits Carry out Public Expenditure Reviews (PER) in the Environment Natural Resource (ENR) sectors Develop guidelines for Planning/Finance on how they can better include environmental sustainability in macro & sector budgets, MTEFs

LESSONS : 

LESSONS Support key sector policy & budgetary development processes to ensure sustainability objectives operationalised Minimise financing pilot projects Design mechanisms for long-term increase in budgets for environmental sustainability e.g. Environmental Fiscal Reform Prepare Environment- Natural Resource Sector support programmes for funding by major donors based in country PEI country based staff required – E.G. ITA, National PEI manager, Admin/Finance Assistant The complex nature of capacity development

LESSONS : 

LESSONS Leadership – political will, ‘champions’ Ownership – mainstreaming processes to be managed and owned by the country/locality in question Use existing processes Focus on economic sectors Deal with the ‘operationalization’ or the how… localize

Overall Lesson: Design a country programme focused on the desired End Result : 

Overall Lesson: Design a country programme focused on the desired End Result It may be what the country stakeholders want, but will it achieve the desired result? Will it result operational integration of environmentally sustainable natural resource use in national & sectoral development plans & budgets? Is it consistent with the PEI lessons learnt? E.g. Adopt a programmatic approach If inconsistent with above, don’t support it

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