Developmental Continuity and Discontinuity

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Developmental continuity and discontinuity in the 3Rs: evidence from ALSPAC : 

Leon Feinstein 19-July-2006 Developmental continuity and discontinuity in the 3Rs: evidence from ALSPAC

Correlations : 

Correlations

Regression modelling: KS2 Maths : 

Regression modelling: KS2 Maths

Transition matrix approach : 

Transition matrix approach

True and false positives : 

True and false positives P(TP) = P(D+ | T+) = A / (A+C) P(FP) = P(D+ | T-) = B / (B+D)

Identification of at-risk children: Low score in KS2 English : 

Identification of at-risk children: Low score in KS2 English

Identification of at-risk children: Low score in KS2 English, Maths & Science : 

Identification of at-risk children: Low score in KS2 English, Maths & Science

Distal family factors : 

Distal family factors Birthorder Breastfeeding Mother's age at birth of study child Mother's education Mother's ethnic group Mother's father's education Mother has experienced financial difficulties Mother's father's job status Mother's father present during own childhood Mother experienced homelessness during pregnancy Mother's mother's education Mother's mother present during own childhood Mother's mother was a teen mum

Distal, continued…. : 

Distal, continued…. Mother's total no. of siblings Mother smoked during pregnancy Mother's social class category Mother's social network score at 12 weeks Mother's social support score Mother had a partner at 32wks Father's education Partner's ethnic group Father's social class category Housing tenure at 33m: owned/mortgaged Family income per week at 33 mths Mother's employment category Mother employed at 33 mths Mother had partner at 33 mths Family type at 47 mths Family income per week at 47 mths Mother employed at 47 mths Mother had partner at 47 mths

Proximal family processes : 

Proximal family processes Number of children's books in the home at 6 mths==none Toy score at 6 mths Activity score at 6 mths Mother-child interaction score at 6 mths Partner-child interaction score at 6 mths Mother tries to teach child at 6 mths==yes freq not stated Number of children's books in the home at 18 mths==none Toy score at 18 mths==0.0 Activity score at 18 mths Mother-child interaction score at 18 mths Partner-child interaction score at 18 mths Mother tries to teach child at 18 mths==no child too young Teaching score at 18 mths: No. things try to teach child

Proximal cont… : 

Proximal cont… Few or no children's books in the home at 30 mths Low toys score at 30 mths Activities outside the home at 30 mths Reunion warmth score at 30 mths Do you try to teach your child at 30m Teaching score at 30 mths: No. things try to teach child Intimate Bond measure at 33 mths: authority Intimate Bond measure at 33 mths: warmth Mother-child interaction score at 38 mths Partner-child interaction score at 38 mths Number of children's books in the home at 42 mths Toy score at 42 mths Activities outside the home at 42 mths Discipline variation at 42 mths Mother-child interaction score at 42 mths Other-child interaction score at 42 mths Partner-child interaction score at 42 mths Activities outside the home at 42 mths Do you try to teach your child at 42 mths Teaching score at 42 mths: No. things try to teach child

Mother’s characteristics : 

Mother’s characteristics Mother's attitude to school : Good marks important Mother's attitude to school : Uselss to try, other kids better Mother's attitude to school : Mum ever expelled/suspended Mother's attitude to school : Mum often truant Mother's attitude to school : Mum liked school Mother's attitude to school : School valuable Mother's Locus of Control score at 12 wks Mother's CCEI score at 33 mths: anxiety Mother's CCEI score at 33 mths: depression Mother's CCEI score at 33 mths: somatic Mother's EPDS score at 33 mths Mother's self esteem at 33 mths

Cognitive development : 

Cognitive development dv: intelligibility score dv: past tense score dv: plurals score dv: vocabulary score dv: word combination score Entry Assessment: Language Entry Assessment: Maths Entry Assessment: Reading Entry Assessment: Writing KS1: Maths score KS1: Reading points score KS1: Spelling score KS1: Writing points score

Cognitive continued… : 

Cognitive continued… Shapes game score: word - focus at 7 Phoneme task score - focus at 7 Reading score - focus at 7 Spelling score (no. correct) - focus at 7 Spelling score - focus at 7 Attention: Opp worlds task - normative 1 - focus at 8 Attention: Opp worlds task - normative 2 - focus at 8 Attention: Dual task - focus at 8 Speech & Language: Wold comprehension - focus at 8 Attention: Sky search - focus at 8 Short Term Memory - focus at 8 WISC: Performance IQ - focus at 8 WISC: Total IQ - focus at 8 MISC: Verbal IQ - focus at 8 Nonword reading score - focus at 9 Reading score - focus at 9 Sentence decision, overall - focus at 9 Spelling score - focus at 9 Accuracy: standardised score - focus at 9 Comprehension - standardised - focus at 9 Words read per minute - focus at 9

Affective and behavioural development : 

Affective and behavioural development Communication score at 6 mths Communication score at 18 mths Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Activity score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Adaptability score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Approach score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Distractability score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Intensity score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Mood score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Persistence score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Rhythmicity score Carey Infant Temperament Scale: Threshold score Fine motor score at 6 mths Gross motor score at 6 mths Social development score at 6 mths Social development score at 18 mths Fine motor score at 18 mths Gross motor score at 18 mths

Wider dev, continued… : 

Wider dev, continued… Fine motor score at 30 mths Pre-school Activities Inventory at 30 mths: Female play Pre-school Activities Inventory at 30 mths: Male play Gross motor score at 30 mths EAS Temperament: Activity score EAS Temperament: Emotionality score EAS Temperament: Shyness score EAS Temperament: Sociability score Fine motor score at 42 mths Pre-school Activities Inventory at 42 mths: Female play Gross motor score at 42 mths Pre-school Activities Inventory at 42 mths: Male play Revised Rutter Behaviour Scale: Conduct difficulties score Revised Rutter Behaviour Scale: Emotional difficulties score Revised Rutter Behaviour Scale: Hyperactivity score Revised Rutter Behaviour Scale: Prosocial score Revised Rutter Behaviour Scale: Social development score

Wider dev, continued… : 

Wider dev, continued… Entry Assessment: Large Motor Entry Assessment: Problem solving Entry Assessment: Small Motor Entry Assessment: Social Skills Heel to toe, co-ordination test 1 - focus at 7 Peg game: coordination test 3 - focus at 7 Peg game: coordination test 4 - focus at 7 String game: coordination test 5 - focus at 7 Bean bag game: coordination test 6 - focus at 7 Antisocial activities score - focus at 8 Friends score - focus at 8 Locus of control mean - focus at 8 Locus of control summary score - focus at 8 Gender - cai score - focus at 8 Self esteem: scholastic - focus at 8 Self esteem: global self worth - focus at 8 Self perception maths score - focus at 8 Self perception reading score - focus at 8

Identification by all measures: E, M & S : 

Identification by all measures: E, M & S

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