meth week 1

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Methamphetamine Use: What Is It? How Is It Used? : 

Methamphetamine Use: What Is It? How Is It Used? Week One Rachel Hyden RN BSN Advanced Clinician

Outcome for this self learning module : 

Outcome for this self learning module Learner will be able to state three different forms that methamphetamine comes in and three different routes of use.

Methamphetamine: What Is It? : 

Methamphetamine: What Is It? Very powerful, highly addictive central nervous system stimulant Produced in makeshift laboratories Common ingredients include: Pseudoephedrine, drain cleaner, muriatic acid, rock salt, and batteries It is estimated that for every 1 lb of produced 6 lbs of toxic waste is generated Half life of 12 hours Longer duration of action compared to other drugs, such as, cocaine.

Methamphetamine: Who Is Using It? : 

Methamphetamine: Who Is Using It? Highest rate of use is among 26-34 yr olds Second highest group are 18-25 yr olds Meth, in the for of Ice, is becoming popular among 35-45 yr old “suburbanites” Slightly more male users than female High school graduates who hold legitimate jobs As the user become more addicted, they generally lose their jobs and may turn to crime in order to support their addiction.

Methamphetamine: How Is It Used? : 

Methamphetamine: How Is It Used? Comes in pills, gel caps, chunks, powder, “ice” Color ranging from clear to white, yellow, brown, green, and pink. Varies in size from a rice grain to the tip of your finger Odorless, bitter tasting One “hit” is ¼ of a gram and will cost about $25.00

Methamphetamine: How Is It Used? : 

Methamphetamine: How Is It Used? Oral ingestion Pills, gel caps Produces euphoric effects within 15-20 mins Nasal inhalation (Sniffing) Meth is ground into a fine powder and snorted Produces euphoric effects within 3-5 mins Intravenous injection Meth is water soluble, meth powder is mixed with water and injected intravenously Produces an immediate, intense “flash” that lasts a few minutes and provides an intense, pleasurable rush Smoked Meth is ground into a powder and placed in a pipe. The pipe is heated and the user inhales the drug Rapid absorption and instantaneous high.

Methamphetamine Paraphernalia : 

Methamphetamine Paraphernalia Pipes (glass) Broken light bulbs to use as pipes Mirror or hard surface, such as a CD case, to cut the drug Razor blade to cut the chunks into powder to snort Needles for intravenous injection Rolled paper, such as a post-it note to use when snorting the drug

References : 

References Craig, J. & Smyth, R. (2007). The Evidence-Based Practice Manual For Nurses (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. Homer, B., Solomon, T., Moeller, R., Mascia, A., DeRaleau, L., & Halkitis. (2008). Methamphetamine abuse and impairment of social functioning: A review of the underlying neurophysiological causes and behavioral implications. Psychological Bulletin.134(2), 301-310. Islam, M., Jesmine, K., Molh., Hasnan, J. (2009). Histopathological studies of cardiac lesions after long term administration of methamphetamine in high dosage-part II. Legal Medicine. 11, 147-150. Knowles, M (1973). The Adult Learner: A neglected Species. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company. Lieb, S. (1991). Prinicples of Adult Learning. Retrieved from Melnyk, B & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2005). Evidenced-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare. Philadephia, PA:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Merriam, S. (2001). Andragogy and self directed learning: Pillars of adult learning theory. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education. 89 , 1-12. Meth Resources. (2005). Retrieved from Methamphetamine: UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Program. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2008). Retrieved from Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.) Healthy People 2010. Retrieved from Pasic, J., Russo, J., Ries, R., & Roy-Byrne, P. (2007). Mathamphetamine users in the psychiatric emergency services: A case-control study. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 33, 675-686. Rush, C. & Walton, S. (2005). Methamphetamine intoxication and related emergency situations. National Emergency Nurses Affliation: Outlook. 28(1), 10-14. Sommers, I., Baskin, D., & Baskin-Sommers, A. (2006). Mathamphetamine use among young adults:Health and social consequences. Journal of Addictive Behaviors. 31, 1469-1476. Winslow, B., Voorhees,K., & Pehl, K. (2007). Methamphetamine abuse. American Family Physician. 76(80), 1169-1174.

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