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My English instructor and adviser is absent. (Same person) My English instructor and my adviser are absent. (Two persons)

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Considered the most important grammatical relationship in any sentence is the agreement of subject and verb.

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Great care must be taken in communication to ensure that subjects and verbs agree in number and person. The subject always determines the number of the verb.

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A singular subject requires a singular verb while a plural subject requires a plural verb.

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There are instances when the users of the English language are confused and are led to the choice of the wrong verb form.

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To avoid committing errors, study and remember the following pointers:

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13. When either and neither are used not as subject but as modifiers in the phrases like either… or and neither, nor, the verb should agree with subject that is nearer the verb.

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Neither the employees nor the manager knows if their company can continue operating. Either the president or his cabinet members are expected to meet the press today.

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Either the student or his or her parents are requested to see the head of the school.

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14. Do not be misled by modifiers that come between the subject and the verb. Intervening words, phrases, or clauses which separate a subject from its verb may deceive the writer or speaker.

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Be sure to identify the simple subject in order to select the correct verb to agree with it. Mr. Reyes, as well as his business associates, is expected to announce his plans for the new year.

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One of the graduating boys from high school wants to enroll in a computer course. The whole group, including the leaders, is leaving for a conference in Tagaytay.

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15. Do not be confused by inverted sentence order where the verb comes before the subject. Note: In sentences introduced by there, there is never the subject..

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There is possibility that classes will suspended today on account of the projected jeepney strike.

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16. Doesn’t is a contraction of does and not and is therefore singular. Don’t is a contraction of do not and is therefore plural.

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Doesn’t his mannerism bother you? Greedy businessmen don’t realize that they are harming themselves when they cheat their customer. Supply sometimes doesn’t meet the demand.

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17. Compound subjects joined by and take a plural verb. The lady physician and her assistant give free consultation every Sunday of the month.

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Bread and butter go together. The President and the chief executive officer are in a conference.

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Practice Exercises AGREEMENT of SUBJECT and VERB a. Choose the right verb from those in parenthesis.

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1.The high cost of goods often (come, comes) as a surprise. 2. The students (look, looks) up to professor Valero. 3. You (are, is) not graduating this year, are you?

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4. We learned that one of the passengers (was, were) killed. 5. (Is, Are) the term papers due this week or next week? 6. When (was, were) you at the doctor’s clinic?

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7. The instructor, as well as her class, (were, was) surprised by Thelma’s report. 8.The danger of earthquakes (has, have) been exaggerated.

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9. It is now thought that Saturn as well as Mars, (has, have) some form of life. 10. Men (has, have) always sought after money.

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11. The ceremony, together with the pageantry, (impress, impresses) the audience. 12. The police findings, along with the photograph, (is, are) very convincing.

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13. The members of the board of trustees (want, wants) to construct a new building. 14. The pilot, in addition to the crew, (has, have) the safety of the passengers in mind.

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15. The lights across the bay (look, looks) like tiny jewels. 16. Your voice, as well as your facial expression (give, gives) you away. 17. A truck, loaded with sacks of rice, (is, are) lying in the ditch.

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18. Purita (don’t, doesn’t) seem to make friends easily. 19. Misunderstanding between students and players (is, are) the cause of the fight.

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20. Guidance counselors (interview, interviews) the freshmen every year. 21. From the city to the neighboring towns (run, runs) an expressway.

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22. Large amounts of money (is, are) awarded to contestants in some televisions show. 23. Near the hotel (are, is) three department store.

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24. One of the boxes of equipment (is, are) missing. 25. The lack of policemen at the dangerous intersections (cause, causes) accidents.

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B. Find and correct the errors in agreement in the following sentences. Make sure that both the verb and the pronoun are correct.

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1. Every students must submit their research paper by Monday. 2. Have everyone passed their examination booklet? 3. If a person is trusted, you will develop a sense of responsibility.

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4. When a girl is interviewed for a job, you should wear neat clothes and avoid gaudy jewelry. 5. Each of students in the various classes have their own personal problem.

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6. Not one of my friends have made any improvement in their home. 7. Someone has left their car in our driveway. 8. Either Dora or Jane left their prayer book here.

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9. Everyone in our family has their own household chores. 10. There are many kinds of people that makes good friends. 11. Have either of you been to Zamboanga?

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12. Neither of the coaches want to complain. 13. Both of the twins seems interested in electronics. 14. Each of the tourist guides wear an identification badge.

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15. Most of the students like the new adviser. 16. There are three members of the class who has won prizes. 17. Here are the two new fabrics of the kind that resists moisture.

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18. Anne is one of the girls who have been awarded a scholarship. 19. This is the only one of the books that are worth. 20. Mr. Tuazon is one of those men who seem always good natured.

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C. Underline the simple subjetc. Encircle the subject to correct the verb form.

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Example: On top of the cabinet (is, are) the contracts signed yesterday. 1. There (lie, lies) the bones of a great man.

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2. The family (live, lives) in a nipa hut somewhere in Pasig. 3. Either my classmate or her parents (plan, plans) to work in another country.

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4. The major accompanied by his bodyguard, (attend, attends) the program sponsored by a youth club. 5. Neither you nor your companion (is, are) allowed to build a house on a public property.

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6. My father and mother (was, were) both from Rizal. 7. Either the civil court or the Sandiganbayan (has, have) jurisdiction over the case.

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8. Not all people in the East and West Germany (is, are) communist. 9. One of the lawyers (is, are) volunteering to defend the political detainee.

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10. Don’t your friends (realizes, realize) the foolishness of playing truant? 11. Neither my friend nor her children (know, knows) that I am leaving for USA.

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12. Behind the door (is, are) a bag of unripe mangoes. 13. The accused girl, accompanied by her lawyers, (appears, appear) in the court today. 14. You and I (am, are, is) expected to join the exposure trip.

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15. The president together with some cabinet members (are, is) discussing plans related to the coming elections.

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16. Neither the old politicians nor the young ones (is, are) in a position to predict who among the candidates will win. 17. Beyond the hill (lie, lies) a row of houses owned by a rich businessman.

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18. The workers with leader (appeal, appeals) for changes in the company. 19. Neither you nor I (know, knows) the whereabouts of the missing girl. 20. Above all things on earth (is, are) God.

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21. Everyone (is, are) enjoined to participate in the prayer rally. 22. A group of policemen (is, are) maintaining peace in the town.

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23. There (appear, appears) to be an agreement between the labor leader and the management of the company. 24. An executive usually (has, have) a lot of things to do.

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25. To progress, a company (has, have)to win the goodwill of customers. 26. A box of eggs (has, have) just been delivered to us. 27. The ceiling as well as the walls of the old building (is, are) falling.

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28. Nowadays, the values of both men and women (is, are) changing. 29. Oftentimes a feeling of insecurity (cause, causes) people to work against the persons who appear to be a threat to them.

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30. Songs composed by Filipino (is, are) now played in the radio often.

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