spirituality final

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PRESTIGE INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT : 

PRESTIGE INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT A CLASS PRESENTATION ON “SPIRITUALITY” SUBMITTED TO SUBMITTED BY Prof. SNEHA RAJPUT BHAVANA SHARMA MBA IV Sem Roll No. 8 Section – ‘A’

What’s Spirituality? : 

What’s Spirituality? Relation with God, Spirit, Universal Power Seek meaning, purpose, significance in life Transcending the ego self ( “I, Me, Mine”) Striving for what is sacred in life Spiritus” – breath or life Fostering virtues/character strengths such as: love, compassion, hope, faith, humility, forgiveness, gratitude…

Slide 4: 

“Spirituality is recognized as a factor that contributes to health in many persons. This concept is found in all cultures and societies. It’s expressed in an individual’s search for ultimate meaning through participation in a religion, but it can be much broader than that, such as, belief in God, family, naturalism, rationalism, humanism, and the arts.” Institute for Human Development, Georgia Southwestern State University: 2003.

SPIRITUALITY_________________________________ : 

SPIRITUALITY_________________________________ Encompasses the individual’s sense of self, sense of mission and purpose in life It connotes a direct and personal experience of what each individual considers sacred and it is not mediated by a particular belief system prescribed by dogma or by hierarchical structure It is not defined by roles such as priests, ministers, rabbis, gurus, or other defined leaders.

SPIRITUAL CONCEPTS_________________ : 

SPIRITUAL CONCEPTS_________________ Spiritual belief: “God or Higher Power can restore him/her to sanity”. Spiritual principles: Code of conduct or frame for action that moves people toward the realization of values. Spiritual values: Qualities or ideals culturally derived, highly regarded by a group or society leading to self-acceptance.

Slide 7: 

Spiritual experience: Moment of clarity or a felt sense of wonder, elation, peace or fulfillment Spiritual growth: Embodies a powerful connection to people, the world or the universe

SPIRITUAL BEHAVIOR_____________________________________ : 

SPIRITUAL BEHAVIOR_____________________________________ Prayer Meditation Walking in nature Reading poetry/sacred texts Lighting a candle Listening to music Smelling incense

HOW TO INCORPORATE SPIRITUALITY AS AN EFFECTIVE INSTRUMENT OF CHANGE : 

HOW TO INCORPORATE SPIRITUALITY AS AN EFFECTIVE INSTRUMENT OF CHANGE Assess and understand patient’s spiritual beliefs Acknowledge respect and listen carefully to patient’s beliefs Explore emotions and make empathic statements Stimulate spiritual narrative Connect spirituality with social affiliation and recovery Mobilize support

PITFALLS IN DISCUSSIONS ABOUT SPIRITUAL ISSUES : 

PITFALLS IN DISCUSSIONS ABOUT SPIRITUAL ISSUES Trying to solve the patient’s problems or resolve unanswerable questions Going beyond the clinician’s expertise and role Imposing the clinicians spiritual religious beliefs on the patient Argue with patient’s view point or spiritual beliefs.

Spirituality and religion : 

Spirituality and religion Spirituality is found in all human cultures. Expressed differently in religious faiths. Common mechanism for transcendence.

Spiritual Life of College Students : 

Spiritual Life of College Students 80 % Believe in God; Attend services 78 % Seeking meaning and purpose 67 % Pray regularly 47 % Seeking ways to grow spiritually -Astin et al.2005 N= 112,232 in 236colleges

Shades of Spirituality : 

Shades of Spirituality Spiritual? Religious? Both? Neither? Evidence suggests Americans are:

Some Concerns : 

Some Concerns Neglect of spiritual practices and skills Expanding individualistic “I, Mine” mindsets. Fundamentalism in religion/spirituality: exclusive, rigid, authoritarian, militant, end justifies means, anti-scientific

SPIRITUALITY AND MODERN WORLD : 

SPIRITUALITY AND MODERN WORLD Spiritual thinking modes help in creating peace, harmony, order. If in turbulent world people consider spirituality, then that can inculcate global harmony Technology has brought many comforts but at the cost of mental calmness Materialism in the age of plenty eventually makes many people insecure

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“Spirit rises, matter falls” That can be panacea for various human materialistic problems A balance need to exist in material desires Beware of GREED and its fallout

NEED FOR SPIRITUALITY : 

NEED FOR SPIRITUALITY Unequal & Unbalanced Development Strife in Society Stress in Individuals Degradation: Pollution, Corruption

BEING SPIRITUAL AT WORK : 

BEING SPIRITUAL AT WORK Practices in daily work life Be Silent. Thoughts prevent access to spiritual Be Present.Demands/Expectations- past/future Be Recognising others. As they are/give space Self Satisfaction. Through self sacrfice

Slide 20: 

The divinity with in, if truly experienced, enables man to rise to the level of Godliness. We need spirituality to create and utilize the immense wealth of knowledge and the power of mind, the power of working in and for divine and thus in turn benefit mankind by our work and noble deeds. Spirituality gives us the much needed orientation to serve the society with fullest of our abilities and to serve God through the service of man. Why we need Spirituality?

Relationships Between Spirituality and Religion : 

Relationships Between Spirituality and Religion Spiritual, but not religious Religious, but not spiritual Spiritual and religious Neither religious nor spiritual

EMPIRICAL DATA ON RELIGION, SPIRITUALITY & HEALTH : 

EMPIRICAL DATA ON RELIGION, SPIRITUALITY & HEALTH Extensive empirical studies reveal that acitvely religious people have lower rates of many physical disorders ranging from cancer to heart disease. Mortality rates are lower. Coping with death and other stressors is better

Slide 23: 

Recovery rates from almost everything, including surgery are better for religiously active individuals (Larson & Larson, 1994) A TIME survey in 1996 revealed that over 70% of patients polled believed that spiritual faith and prayer help in illness recover

Slide 24: 

64% of those surveyed believed physicians should talk to patients about spiritual issues as part of their care and pray with patients if they request it

Slide 25: 

One of the strongest predictors of survival after heart surgery is the degree to which patients draw strength from religion or spirituality, and the more religious they are the greater their protection from death (Oxman, Freeman, & Manheimer, 1995).

Slide 26: 

Weekly church attendees have been found to have 50% fewer deaths from coronary artery disease, 56% fewer deaths from emphysema, 74% fewer deaths from cirrhosis and 53% fewer suicides (Comstock, & Partridge, 1972)

SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGION_____________________________________ : 

SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGION_____________________________________ 94% of Americans believe in God or a Higher Power 75% of Americans say religion is central to their lives 62% of Americans claim to be a member of an organized religion 9% of Americans stated that they have no religion preference

SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGION : 

SPIRITUALITY AND RELIGION

Thank You : 

Thank You

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