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Slide 1: 

Price-setting behaviour of Norwegian firms – results of a survey Nina Langbraaten and Einar Wøien Nordbø In Economic Bulletin 2/2008

Chart 1 Who responded? Response rate by number of employees : 

Chart 1 Who responded? Response rate by number of employees Source: Norges Bank

Chart 2 Who responded? Reponse rate by sector : 

Chart 2 Who responded? Reponse rate by sector Source: Norges Bank

Chart 3 Where is the most important market for the firm’s main product? Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 3 Where is the most important market for the firm’s main product? Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 4 How important are the following factors for the firm’s competitiveness? Average score for each factor on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 4 How important are the following factors for the firm’s competitiveness? Average score for each factor on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 5 How many competitors does the firm have in the Norwegian market? Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 5 How many competitors does the firm have in the Norwegian market? Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 6 To what extent are the following pricing methods used in your firm? Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 6 To what extent are the following pricing methods used in your firm? Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 7 To what extent is the price dependent on competitors’ prices? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("very limited extent") to 4 ("very great extent") : 

Chart 7 To what extent is the price dependent on competitors’ prices? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("very limited extent") to 4 ("very great extent") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 8 To what extent does the firm take account of the following information when setting the price? Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 8 To what extent does the firm take account of the following information when setting the price? Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 9 To what extent does the firm take account of information on future developments when setting the price? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("very limited extent") to 4 ("very great extent") : 

Chart 9 To what extent does the firm take account of information on future developments when setting the price? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("very limited extent") to 4 ("very great extent") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 10 To what extent does the firm use a rule-of-thumb (such as indexation based on the consumer price index) when setting the price? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("very limited extent") to 4 ("very great extent") : 

Chart 10 To what extent does the firm use a rule-of-thumb (such as indexation based on the consumer price index) when setting the price? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("very limited extent") to 4 ("very great extent") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 11 When does the firm change the price of its main product? Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 11 When does the firm change the price of its main product? Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 12 How frequently is the price of the firm’s main product actually changed, and how frequently does the firm consider changing its price (without necessarily doing so)? Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 12 How frequently is the price of the firm’s main product actually changed, and how frequently does the firm consider changing its price (without necessarily doing so)? Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 13 How often firms change their prices on average. Breakdown by sector : 

Chart 13 How often firms change their prices on average. Breakdown by sector Source: Norges Bank Quarterly Biannually Annually

Chart 14 In which month are prices changed? Response from firms indicating that they normally change their price only once a year. Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 14 In which month are prices changed? Response from firms indicating that they normally change their price only once a year. Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 15 Most common percentage price increase and price decrease. Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 15 Most common percentage price increase and price decrease. Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 16 Which factors have been important for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each factor on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 16 Which factors have been important for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each factor on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 17 How important have increases in wage costs been for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 17 How important have increases in wage costs been for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 18 Reasons for price increases in the last couple of years. Increases in wage costs and suppliers’ prices. Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 18 Reasons for price increases in the last couple of years. Increases in wage costs and suppliers’ prices. Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 19 How important have increases in suppliers’ prices been for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 19 How important have increases in suppliers’ prices been for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 20 How important have increases in energy prices been for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 20 How important have increases in energy prices been for price increases in the last couple of years? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 21 Which factors have been important for price decreases in the last couple of years? Average score for each factor on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 21 Which factors have been important for price decreases in the last couple of years? Average score for each factor on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 22 How important have changes in the NOK exchange rate been for price reductions in the last couple of years? Average value for selected sectors on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 22 How important have changes in the NOK exchange rate been for price reductions in the last couple of years? Average value for selected sectors on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 23 Differences between the factors considered important for price increases and price decreases. Average score for increases on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very import-ant") less average score for price decreases on the same scale1) : 

Chart 23 Differences between the factors considered important for price increases and price decreases. Average score for increases on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very import-ant") less average score for price decreases on the same scale1) 1) A positive net score means that the factor is considered more im-portant for price increases than for price decreases, and vice versa Source: Norges Bank Competitors’ prices Demand

Chart 24 Reasons for sticky prices. Administrative costs, menu costs and attractive prices. Breakdown of responses. Per cent : 

Chart 24 Reasons for sticky prices. Administrative costs, menu costs and attractive prices. Breakdown of responses. Per cent Source: Norges Bank

Chart 25 How important is wanting to stick to "attractive" prices as a reason for prices being left unchanged over time? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 25 How important is wanting to stick to "attractive" prices as a reason for prices being left unchanged over time? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 26 Different theories of sticky prices. Average score on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 26 Different theories of sticky prices. Average score on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Chart 27 How important are contracts as a reason why prices are left unchanged over time? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") : 

Chart 27 How important are contracts as a reason why prices are left unchanged over time? Average score for each sector on a scale from 1 ("not important") to 4 ("very important") Source: Norges Bank

Appendiks : 

Appendiks

Chart A1 Percentage of population selected for the survey. Breakdown by number of employees : 

Chart A1 Percentage of population selected for the survey. Breakdown by number of employees Source: Norges Bank