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Educational Psychology Define and differentiate important terms in educational psychology. Developed by W. Huitt (1999)

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Define & differentiate the following terms: Education: 1) developing the capacities and potential of the individual so as to prepare that individual to be successful in a specific society or culture. From this perspective, education is serving primarily an individual development function.

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Define & differentiate the following terms: Education: 2) the process by which society transmits to new members the values, beliefs, knowledge, and symbolic expressions to make communication possible within society. In this sense, education is serving a social and cultural function.

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Schooling: Teaching and learning that takes place in formal environments Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Psychology: the scientific study of mind and behavior (or behavior and mental processes), especially as it relates to individual human beings Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Educational Psychology: Combination of psychology and education A distinct scientific discipline within psychology that includes both methods of study and a knowledge base Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Educational Psychology: Concerned primarily with understanding the processes of teaching and learning that take place within formal environments and developing ways of improving those methods Important topics include learning theories; teaching methods; motivation; cognitive, emotional, and moral development; and parent-child relationships Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Learning: relatively permanent change in an individual's behavior or behavior potential (or capability) as a result of experience or practice an internal change inferred from behavior Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Learning: can be compared with the other primary process producing relatively permanent change--maturation--that results from biological growth and development Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Teaching: the purposeful direction and management of the learning process Define & differentiate the following terms:

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Educational Psychology is the scientific discipline that addresses the questions “Why do some students learn more than others?” and “What can be done to improve that learning?”