PROGRESSIVE TENSES.2003

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PROGRESSIVE TENSES : 

PROGRESSIVE TENSES A. Present progressive   B. Past progressive   C. Future progressive   D. Present perfect progressive E. Past perfect progressive F.  Future perfect progressive LDA

A. Present progressive : 

A. Present progressive = am  + (base form + -ing) I am working.  = is + (base form + -ing) She is eating. =are + (base form + -ing)   We are studying.

= am  + (base form + -ing) : 

= am  + (base form + -ing) I am working. Present progressive

= is + (base form + -ing) : 

= is + (base form + -ing) She is eating. Present progressive

=are + (base form + -ing) : 

We are studying. =are + (base form + -ing) Present progressive

Present progressive : 

Present progressive 1. A planned activity.             Sofia is starting school at CEC tomorrow.

Present progressive : 

Present progressive 2. An activity that is occurring right now.             Jan is watching TV right now.

Present progressive : 

Present progressive 3. An activity that is in progress, although not actually occurring at the time of speaking.             Sara is learning English at CEC.

B. Past progressive : 

B. Past progressive = was  + (base form + -ing) I was working. = were + (base form + -ing) They were eating.

= was  + (base form + -ing) : 

= was  + (base form + -ing) I was working.

= were + (base form + -ing) : 

= were + (base form + -ing) They were eating.

Past progressive : 

Past progressive 1. A past activity in progress while  another activity occurred. At 6:00 yesterday I was eating dinner. The phone rang while I was eating.

Past progressive : 

Past progressive 2. Two past activities in progress at the same time. While I was answering the phone, my wife was cooking dinner.

C. Future progressive : 

C. Future progressive = will be + (base form + -ing) I will be working. He will be eating.

= will be + (base form + -ing) : 

= will be + (base form + -ing) I will be working.

Slide 16: 

= will be + (base form + -ing) He will be eating.

Future progressive : 

Future progressive Tomorrow Sam will be studying for the test on Unit 1. I will be singing at Symphony Hall next month. We'll be leaving next Monday. When you arrive, I'll be cooking dinner.

Future progressive : 

Future progressive She will be coming around the mountain in a few minutes. She'll be riding a white horse into town.

D. Present perfect progressive : 

D. Present perfect progressive = have + (base form + -ing) I have been working.  = has + (base form + -ing) She has been eating.

have + (base form + -ing) : 

have + (base form + -ing) I have been teaching at Columbia University for 23 years

has + (base form + -ing) : 

has + (base form + -ing) It Has Been Raining All Day

Example: : 

Example: Jack is cooking.  He started to do this 4 hours ago. Jack has been cooking for 4 hours.

Slide 23: 

Example: --Mick Jagger sings rock music. --He started to do this 40 years ago with the Rolling Stones. Mick Jagger has been singing rock music with the Rolling Stones for 40 years

Examples: : 

Examples: Carol has been living in Morocco for a month. Ping has been playing tennis since she was young. I have been reading this lesson for the past 10 minutes.

E. Past perfect progressive : 

E. Past perfect progressive = had + (base form + -ing) I had been working. He had been eating.

= had + (base form + -ing) : 

= had + (base form + -ing) I had been walking. You had been walking. We had been walking.

= had + (base form + -ing) : 

= had + (base form + -ing) He had been running. Somebody had been smoking.

= had + (base form + -ing) : 

It had not been running well for a long time. Had the pilot been drinking before the crash? = had + (base form + -ing)

F. Future perfect progressive : 

F. Future perfect progressive = will  have + (base form + -ing) I will have been working. She will have been eating. This tense emphasizes the duration of a continuing activity in the future that ends before another activity or time in the future. Note

= will  have + (base form + -ing) : 

= will  have + (base form + -ing) By 2003 Janet will have been studying English at CEC for 3 years.  By 9:45 tonight I will have been sitting in class for 2 hours and 45 minutes.

= will  have + (base form + -ing) : 

I will have been walking. You will have been walking. We will have been walking. = will  have + (base form + -ing)

= will  have + (base form + -ing) : 

By December, I will have been writing my book for six months. On Tuesday, Brian will have been looking for a job for 3 days. In 2012, we will have been vacationing in Hawaii for 3 years. = will  have + (base form + -ing)

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