Day 3 Lecture Parts of Speech

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Parts of Speech : 

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech : 

Parts of Speech Verbs Nouns Pronouns Adjectives Adverbs Prepositions Conjunctions Interjections

Adverbs : 

Adverbs An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective and another adverb. Adverbs tell where, when, how, why, under what circumstances and to what extent.

Adverbs : 

Adverbs He drove nearby. [where] He drove yesterday. [when] He drove carefully. [how] He drove because he had to. [why] He drove while tired. [under what circumstances] He drove quite carefully. [to what extent]

Adverbs : 

Adverbs Adverbs are frequently made from adjectives by adding –ly (roughly, quickly), but not all adverbs end in –ly (first, not, very). Like adjectives, adverbs can also signify degrees of comparison. (-er/-est, more/less, and most/least)

Adverbs : 

Adverbs

Adverbs : 

Adverbs Adverbs of Frequency never, often, sometimes, seldom, always, even Adverbs of Degree even, extremely, more, just, much, quite, only, surely, too, very

Prepositions : 

Prepositions A preposition comes before a noun or pronoun to create a phrase that modifies another word in the sentence. The noun or pronoun is called the object of the preposition, and the phrase that is created is called a prepositional phrase. She spilled the drink on him.

Prepositions : 

Prepositions

Conjunctions : 

Conjunctions A conjunction, like a preposition, shows the relationship between parts of a sentence. Coordinating Conjunction – connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal rank and, for, or, yet, but, nor, so Leslie and Hal caught three rock bass, but they didn’t get any lake trout or pike.

Conjunctions : 

Conjunctions A subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause, and connects it to a main clause. Unless we hurry, we won’t arrive before the concert starts.

Conjunctions : 

Conjunctions Correlative Conjunctions work in pairs to connect words, phrases, clauses and whole sentences. both/and either/or neither/nor We will be neither swayed nor delayed in our deliberations. not/but not only/but also whether/or

Conjunctions : 

Conjunctions Conjunctive adverbs can function in two ways – serve as transitional expressions to connect units of thought Meanwhile, Todd was home making Lisa’s favorite dinner. - also link main clauses Lisa thought she’d surprise Todd by picking up pizza for dinner; meanwhile, Todd was home making her favorite fried chicken.

Conjunctions : 

Conjunctions

Interjections : 

Interjections An interjection is a word or phrase used to express emotion or attract attention. Independent units not grammatically connected to a sentence, followed by an exclamation point. Hey! There’s a parade coming. Oh well, maybe we can do better next time.

Verbs : 

Verbs A verb expresses action (run, think) or a state of being (is, become, seem). A complete verb is composed of the main verb itself and any helping verbs that may be used with it. The most commonly used auxiliary verbs are the nine modals: may, might, shall, will, would, must, should, can and could.

Modals : 

Modals Modals express how the writer/speaker feels about an action. They also express probability, necessity, obligation, or ability.

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