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Premium member Presentation Transcript “Cycle Of Infant to adulthood” : “Cycle Of Infant to adulthood” Assignment in Communication Arts I INFANCY DEVELOPMENT STAGES : INFANCY DEVELOPMENT STAGES Assessment of whole person Details regarding the method’s of collecting subjective and objective data base of a person that use as assets health state and to uncover, diagnose and treat health problems. Developmental stages : Developmental stages Is the section of biological growth and development theories of individual to give a general portrayal considers the physical,psychosocial,cognitive. Slide 4: stages are 1. Infancy (Birth to 1 year) 2.Early childhood: Toddler (1 to 3 years of old) 3.Early childhood: Preschooler (3 to 5 or 6 years) 4.School child (6 to 10 or 12 years)5.preadolescent (10 to 12 or 13 years) 6.adolescent (12 or 13 to 19 years) 7.early adult (20 years 40 years ) 8. Middle Adult (40 – 60 year) 9.Middle adult (40-64 years) Slide 5: INFANCY ( Birth to 1 year ) The first year is the most dramatic and rapid period of growth and development. The baby changes from a totally dependent being into a person who interacts with the environment and forms close relationships with other people “1 year old baby girl” : “1 year old baby girl” Slide 7: The development of each organ system through the life cycle described in the corresponding physical examination chapter. The central nervous system is worth mentioning. Slide 8: Early Childhood 1-3 years old toddlers 1.differentiating self from others 2.tolerating separation from mother to parent 3.withstanding delayed gratification 4.controlling bodily function 5.acquiring verbal communication Early ChildhoodPreschooler (3 to5 or 6 years old) : Early ChildhoodPreschooler (3 to5 or 6 years old) Slide 10: 1.developing a conscience 2.developing a sense of initiative 3.growing use of language for social acceptable ways. 4.developing readiness for school. School child (6 to 10 or 12 years) : School child (6 to 10 or 12 years) Slide 12: 1. Mastering skills that will be needed later as an adult. 2.winning approval from other adults and peers. 3.Building self-steem and a positive self-concept 4.taking a place in a peer group 5.adopting the moral standards Slide 13: MIDDLE CHILDHOOD, SCHOOL-AGE CHILD ( 6 TO 10 OR 12 YEARS ) The best preparation for this age is a firm foundation in trust, autonomy, and initiative. Secure in these attributes, the child is able to move into a larger world and tackle this tasks : Mastering skills that will be needed later as an adult Winning approval from other adults and peers Building self-esteem and a positive self-concept Taking a place in a peer group Adopting moral standards At this age, peer approval is beginning to be significant. During middle childhood, it is important to belong to a peer group. The peer group is a key socializing agent. Group solidarity is enhanced by secret codes or strict rules. The child begins to prefer peer group activities to activities with the parents. Slide 14: PREADOLESCENCE ( 10 to 12 or 13 YEARS ) This period covers fifth to eight grades, ending with puberty. Although this stage is still part of childhood, children in this group have common skills and interests that set them apart. It becomes more difficult now to typify characteristics of a single year. Because of rapid growth, the age level start to blend and overlap. A child may be at one level physically and intellectually but at another level socially. Children of the same age show diverse development levels. At 9 to 10 years, the child demonstrates a new ability to love by establishing a relationship with a best friend. This is important because the best friend is the first one outside the family that the child loves as being as important as himself or herself. By sharing interests, goals, and secret ideas with the best friend, the child learns a lot about himself or herself. This is comforting because the child realizes that he or she is not so different from other children after all. This yields a valuable lesson in self-acceptance. Slide 15: ADOLESCENCE (12 or 13 to 19 YEARS ) This is a transition stage between childhood and adulthood. Beginning at puberty and extending through the teenage years, the most important task of adolescence is the search for identity-“who I really am.” With successful mastery of skills from the previous stage, childhood ends. Now the adolescent must process the information from earlier stages and assume a personal identify that is more than just the sum of childhood experiences. The search for identity is the motive behind all the other tasks of the period: Searching for one’s identity Growing independent from parents Forming close relationships with peers Developing analytic thinking Evolving one’s own value system Developing a sexual identity Beginning to choose a career Socially, the adolescent is in limbo, because he or she rejects identity with the parents but is not yet sure of his or her own individual identity. The perfect solution to this dilemma is immersion in a peer group. Pressure to belong to a peer group intensifies at this age. The adolescent is influenced strongly by the group’s norms for dress and behavior. By identifying with peers, the adolescent joins a sheltered workshop in which he or she feels safe and can experiment with various roles. Group members are allies in the universal goal of seeking freedom from parental domination. Slide 16: EARLY ADULTHOOD (20 to 40 YEARS) The young adult is concerned with emancipation from his or her parents and building an independent lifestyle. The young adult has finished most formal schooling and is ready to embark on a chosen path. The tasks of this era include. Growing independent from the parents home and care Learning to cooperate in a marriage relationship Setting up and managing one’s own household Making friends and establishing a social group Assuming civic responsibility and becoming a citizen in the community Beginning a parenting role Forming a meaningful philosophy of life 28 years), the novice adult establishes the “entry structure”, a first provisional lifestyle linking him or her to adult society. He or she building a home base. During this time, the first set of important choices are made concerning a mate, friends, an occupation, values, and lifestyle. The Age Thirty Transition, age 28 to 33 years, is a time of self-reflection. Questions asked include “Where am I going?” and “ Why am I doing these things ?” This is the first major re-assesment in life. A person ponders aspects that he or she wants to add, exclude, or modify in life. The person feels , “ If there is anything I want to change I better start now, or it will be too late “ Slide 17: LATE ADULTHOOD (65 + YEARS) This ageist attitude is changing, partly because late adulthood now is the fastest growing segment of our population and its members command attention. Older adults should be seen not as homogenous group with predictable actions but as individuals with specific needs and widely divergent responses. Development tasks of this group include: Adjusting to changes in physical strength and health Forming a new family role as an in-law and/or grandparent Affiliating with one’s age group Adjusting to retirement and reduced income Developing postretirement activities that enhance self worth and usefulness Arranging satisfactory physical living quarters Adjusting to the death of spouse, family members , and friends Conducting a life review Preparing for the inevitability of one’s own death. Stages of age : Stages of age You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.