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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript The Business Plan : The Business Plan BU113: Foundations of Business Administration Business Plan BU113: Foundations of Business Administration Memorable statistics : Memorable statistics New business start-ups each year: 150,000-190,000 Business failures each year: 50,000-100,000 Reasons for Failure and Success of Businesses : Reasons for Failure and Success of Businesses Failure due to Managerial incompetence or inexperience Neglect Weak control systems Insufficient capital Success due to Hard work, drive, and dedication Market demand for product/service Managerial competence Luck Business Plan—definition : Business Plan—definition Definition (Ebert & Griffin, 2007): A document in which the entrepreneur summarizes her or his business strategy for the proposed new venture and how that strategy will be implemented. A detailed description of the proposed business, including types of customers, competitors, and facilities needed for production Includes 3 functions of business: management, marketing, and finance Includes all supporting documents Purpose : Purpose Explain the concept of the proposed business (incl. the nature of the product). Analyze the market. Present strategy. Outline the projected development of the business. Define capital needs and procurement. Project financial performance. Present management’s credentials. Target Audience: Who might use the Business Plan? : Target Audience: Who might use the Business Plan? Investors Owners of the company (the management team) Banks or other lenders (creditors) Potential suppliers The Cover Sheet : The Cover Sheet Company name Address of the head office The Management Team Phone numbers Note: Mark it “Confidential.” Business Plan—Format & Components : Business Plan—Format & Components Start with a Table of Contents, including page numbers! Use Report form – headings, no indentations. Your company’s mission statement The business: Management: Organization, goals, strategies for obtaining them, & implementation Marketing Plan Financial Plan Supporting documents Revised resumes Company logo Organization chart PowerPoint slides in handout form Mission Statement : Mission Statement A mission statement is a brief description of a company’s fundamental purpose. A mission statement answers the questions, “Why do we exist?” “What do we hope to achieve in the future?” The mission statement articulates the company’s moral/ethical position, public image, the target market, products/services, the geographic domain and expectations of growth and profitability (Center for Business Planning: http://www.businessplans.org). Mission -- Examples : Mission -- Examples “It is the mission of Saint Michael’s College to contribute through higher education to the enhancement of the human person and to the advancement of human culture in the light of the Catholic faith.” (SMC Catalogue) The Home Depot is in the home improvement business and our goal is to provide the highest level of service, the broadest selection of products and the most competitive prices. We are a values-driven company and our eight core values include the following: Excellent customer service Taking care of our people Giving back Doing the "right" thing Creating shareholder value Respect for all people Entrepreneurial spirit Building strong relationships http://ir.homedepot.com/faq.cfm?FAQPage=FAQ Business Plan—Management : Business Plan—Management Type of organization / form of business ownership Organization chart Management team Experience Skills Roles in the business Supporting documents: Resumes XYZ Company Business Plan—Marketing : Business Plan—Marketing Product / Service Key characteristics, uniqueness Picture, design / model Supplier Amount of inventory to be ordered Target market Users -- demographics Benefits Economic / social / cultural characteristics Projected sales (revenue): calculated Business Plan—Marketing : Business Plan—Marketing Competition Who? Strengths Weaknesses Business Plan—Marketing : Business Plan—Marketing Price Pricing strategy Pricing strategy vs. competition Promotion Promotional strategy: developing demand for product Place / distribution Getting the product from production to the consumer Supporting documents : Supporting documents List of Shareholders: Attach a table with the information about your shareholders’ investment. name contact information number of shares invested percent ownership in the company based on the number of shares owned Revised resumes of each manager Company logo PowerPoint slides in handout form (6 slides per page) Business Plan—Finance : Business Plan—Finance Concerns of investors Demand for product Management characteristics and experience Innovation Track record Rate of return Amount of risk Financial projections Outlook for competitiveness of business Growth curve of business Future plans Financial Plan : Financial Plan BU113: Foundations of Business Administration BU113: Foundations of Business Administration Financial Plan Purpose—Financial Plan : Purpose—Financial Plan Determine feasibility of business Determine capital needed to start business Estimate return to shareholders Capital Needed to Start Business : Capital Needed to Start Business Determine total amount of capital needed to start the business Do you need to: Buy equipment? Buy product/raw materials for product to sell? (Include in product cost: transportation & packaging) Buy supplies for advertising Pay taxes? Financing Sources: How to Raise Money : Financing Sources: How to Raise Money Sources: Selling stock or borrowing money Stock sales: 25 cents/share Inside shareholders (management team). What percent of company do you want to own? Outside shareholders (sell to others at marketplace) You must offer at least 20 shares to outside shareholders. Specify what percent ownership 1 share represents EX: If you plan to sell 100 total shares to management and outsiders, 1 share = 1% ownership in the company. Financing Sources: Examples : Financing Sources: Examples Sale of Product Capital needed: $100 Outside 20 shares: $5 = 5% Inside 380 shares(calculated as: remaining $95 / $.25 per share = 380 shares): $95 = 95% Total Raised: $100 = 100% Total Shares Issued: 400 shares Sale of Service No capital needed Outside 20 shares: $5 = 20% Inside 80 shares(calculated as: remaining 80 shares * $.25 per share = $20): $20 = 80% Total Raised: $25 = 100% Total Shares Issued: 100 shares Projected Income Statement : Projected Income Statement Sales = Number of units of product/service expected to be sold per week X sales price Less: Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) = number of units of product expected to be sold each week X cost to buy including taxes, shipping, etc. (no COGS with a service) Less: Advertising and other expenses = actual amount expected to be spent during a particular week Less: Taxes = 10% of profit before taxes (EBT) Note: You cannot pay management wages. ABC CompanyProjected Income StatementFor the Six-Week Period Ending ____ , 200_ : ABC CompanyProjected Income StatementFor the Six-Week Period Ending ____ , 200_ Projected Return on Equity : Projected Return on Equity As a start up business, consider your equity to be the money you raise from selling stock to inside and outside shareholders Projected ROE: tells shareholders what they expect to earn on their investment in terms of % return ROE = Total Projected Net Income / $ Raised from sale of stock to management and outside shareholders EX: $ 163.8 projected NI / $25 Common stock proceeds ROE = 655% Liquidating Dividend : Liquidating Dividend Liquidating Dividend to be paid at end of semester Different from a regular dividend real companies pay = Distribution of all the cash of the company after payment of all liabilities. Purpose: to close the business down Liquidating Dividend Per Share = Ending cash (= $ from sale of stock to managers and outsiders + Net Income) - Liabilities (including taxes payable) divided by total # Shares outstanding You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.