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The Victorian Period: 1832–1901Introduction to the Literary Period : 

The Victorian Period: 1832–1901Introduction to the Literary Period Interactive Time Line Milestone: Reign of Queen Victoria Milestone: Riots and Reforms Milestone: Prosperity Milestone: A Society of Propriety Milestone: The March of the Mind What Have You Learned? Feature Menu

The Victorian Period: 1832–1901 : 

The Victorian Period: 1832–1901 1832–1848 Riots and Reforms 1800s Society of Propriety 1848–1870 Prosperity 1800s March of the Mind Choose a link on the time line to go to a milestone. 1850 1800 1900 1837–1901 Reign of Queen Victoria

Reign of Queen Victoria : 

Reign of Queen Victoria Victoria Brought Respect to the Throne Worked hard to ensure the welfare of her people Married her cousin, Prince Albert, the love of her life Became symbolic rather than political ruler, ensuring continuation of monarchy Many royal families of Europe descended from their nine children

Reign of Queen Victoria : 

Reign of Queen Victoria During Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) England experienced political and social stability prosperity and progress movement toward more democratic government growth of British empire expansion of Industrial Revolution scientific discovery

Riots and Reforms : 

Riots and Reforms The Hungry Forties Severe economic depression High unemployment Soaring bread prices Poor working and living conditions Cities filthy, polluted, disorderly Potato famine in Ireland

Riots and Reforms : 

Riots and Reforms In the 1840s . . .

Riots and Reforms : 

Riots and Reforms Limited child labor The Reform Bills Eventually extended vote to almost all adult males Established state-supported schools Reduced working day to ten hours

Riots and Reforms : 

Riots and Reforms Women in the Reform Movement Octavia Hill Authority on housing reform Founded National Trust (protected historic landmarks) Florence Nightingale Army nurse Authority on public health Improved hospitals

Prosperity : 

Prosperity 1848–1870 Improved nutrition—meat and fruit available to working class people Drop in food prices—due to increased trade with other countries, growth of empire Industrial Revolution—new goods, wealth, jobs Education reform—literacy rates rise Victorians believed social and economic problems could be solved by progress.

Slide 10: 

A Society of Propriety Decorum and Prudery Victorians thought of themselves as progressing morally and intellectually Books and magazines censored “Fallen women” pushed to margins of society

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Women who behaved in a way unacceptable to Victorian society, including A Society of Propriety Fallen Women women who left their husbands unmarried mothers seamstresses mentally ill women alcoholic women in some cases, women writers prostitutes childless women anorexic women

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A Society of Propriety Authoritarian Values Women subject to male authority Middle-class women expected to marry; confined to role of homemaker Unmarried women had few options Social order intended to control immorality and excess

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Greater understanding of earth, its creatures, and natural laws Progress in Science The March of the Mind Darwin and the theory of evolution Advances in technology, chemistry, and engineering Scientists such as Thomas Huxley—confident humans could figure out the laws of the physical universe

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Questions and Doubts The March of the Mind Some Victorian writers . . . asked whether material comfort was enough protested or mocked codes of decorum questioned whether the natural world really made sense A. E. Housman

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Charles Dickens—most popular Victorian writer The March of the Mind Depicted abused and exploited people Attacked superficiality and excesses of Victorian affluence Raised questions about the costs of progress Scene from Oliver Twist

What Have You Learned? : 

1. In general, most Victorians valued _____ . a. progress b. decorum c. order d. all of the above 2. _____ was an authority on public health. a. Florence Nightingale b. Octavia Hill c. Queen Victoria 3. The most popular Victorian writer was _____. a. Hardy b. Dickens c. Housman What Have You Learned? Choose the word that correctly completes the sentence. d. all of the above a. Florence Nightingale b. Dickens

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Slide 18: 

Viewing the Art The Railway Station William Powell Frith (1819–1909) strove for photographic realism in his paintings. Crowds, like the one in this painting, were a common subject in Frith’s works. Activity: What details in the painting create a sense of motion and activity?

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