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Premium member Presentation Transcript Elements : I Iodine Elements F Fluorine Am Americium Li Lithium Es Einsteinium 9 95 53 3 99 19.00 243.00 126.90 6.94 252.00 And their… By: Brady Lee Slide 2: These elements are very reactive since they only have a single valence electron. Being metal and all, these guys are shiny, lightweight, and solid. The alkali metals will create an explosion if mixed with water. This family is sometimes also known as the “alkaline metals.” Family One Li Na K Fr Cs Rb Group I Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium, Francium Alkali Metals 1 + Slide 3: Family One Li Na K Fr Cs Rb Group I Alkali Metals 1 + Lithium, element number three, is sometimes used in things such as batteries. Lithium Ion Battery Potassium, element number nineteen, can be found in some fruits and vegetables. Banana Sodium, element number eleven, is one of the main components of salt. Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium, Francium Slide 4: Alkaline \ˈal-kə-līn\ adj: especially of a solution : having a pH of more than 7 - Merriam-Webster.com The elements in this family are also reactive, but not as exceedingly much as group one. Similar to the preceding family, the alkaline earth metals are shiny, lightweight, metallic solids. The alkaline earth metals are never found in nature because they are always combining with other elements. Family Two Be Mg Ca Ra Ba Sr Group II Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium, Radium Alkaline Earth Metals 2 + Slide 5: Family Two Be Mg Ca Ra Ba Sr Group II Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium, Radium Alkaline Earth Metals 2 + Magnesium, element number twelve, gives plants life through chlorophyll. Calcium, element number twenty, can be found in places such as your very own bones. Strontium, element number thirty-eight, is common in fireworks. Slide 6: The biggest family of them all, the transition metals. There are over sixty elements that belong here! There isn’t an oxidation number listed because these guys can have multiple charges. The transitions metals don’t like to follow the rules. They can have more than eight electrons in some of their rings. This family includes the lanthanides and actinides. Family Three Sc Ti V Fe Mn Cr Groups III - XII Scandium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Yttrium, Zirconium, Niobium, Molybdenum, Technetium, Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Silver, Cadmium, Hafnium, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum, Gold, Mercury, Rutherfordium, Dubnium, Seaborgium, Bohrium, Hassium, Meitnerium, Darmstadtium Transition Metals N/A Co Ni Cu Zr Y Zn Nb Mo Tc Pd Rh Ru Ag Cd Hf Re W Ta Os Ir Pt Rf Hg Au Db Sg Bh Ds Mt Hs Slide 7: Family Three Rg La Ce Pm Nd Pr Groups III - XII Roentgenium, Lanthanum, Cerium, Praseodymium, Neodymium, Promethium, Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thallium, Ytterbium, Lutetium, Actinium, Thorium, Protactinium, Uranium, Neptunium, Plutonium, Americium, Curium, Berkelium, Californium, Einsteinium, Fermium, Mendelevium, Nobelium, Lawrencium Transition Metals N/A Copper, element number twenty-nine, is used in things such as wiring. Gold, element number seventy-nine, was made into valuable items such as coins. Tantalum, element number seventy-three, is put into everybody’s cell phone. Copper Wiring Gold Coins Er Tm Yb Th Ac Lu U Np Pu Bk Cm Am Cf Es Fm Lr No Md Pa Sm Eu Gd Ho Dy Tb Slide 8: The Boron group is the first of the mixed families; a collection of elements that has the same chemical properties, but different physical ones. The last three elements in the group (Gallium, Indium, and Thallium) are all considered to be semiconductors. Aluminum is the most abundant metal element on the Earth. Since it’s so common Aluminum is used in many things such as cars and airplanes. Family Four B Al Tl In Ga Group XIII Boron, Aluminum, Gallium, Indium, Thallium The Boron Group 3 + Slide 9: Family Four B Al Tl In Ga Group XIII Boron, Aluminum, Gallium, Indium, Thallium The Boron Group 3 + Gallium, element number thirty-one, is used for LEDs. Indium, element number forty-nine, is used in LCDs. LCD Monitor LED Alarm Clock Slide 10: Now, in group fourteen, we have all types of elements; metals, non-metals, and even metalloids. Carbon and Silicon both occur in different allotropes, or “forms with different molecular structure”. Silicon and Germanium are also known for being semiconductors. Family Five Group XIV Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead 4 + The Carbon Group C Si Pb Sn Ge Slide 11: Family Five Group XIV Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead 4 + The Carbon Group C Si Pb Sn Ge Diamond Carbon, element number six, is the substance that makes up diamonds. Bullets Tin, element number fifty, can usually be found in the form of a can. Tin Can Telephone Lead, element number eighty-two, can sometimes be a part of bullets. Slide 12: Just as family five does, the Nitrogen group has a mix of metals, non-metals, and metalloids. The elements in group fifteen tend to make covalent compounds instead of ionic ones. Phosphorus has allotropes, also. In fact, it has a total of three, unlike Silicon’s mere two, but that’s hardly anything compared to Carbon’s many forms. Family Six Group XV Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth 3 - The Nitrogen Group N P Bi Sb As Slide 13: Family Six Group XV Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth 3 - The Nitrogen Group N P Bi Sb As Bismuth, element number eighty-three, is used in things such as fire sprinklers. Arsenic, element number thirty-three, is sometimes made into poison. Antimony, element number fifty-one, can be found in car batteries. Guangyun Car Battery Emergency Fire Sprinkler Slide 14: This family contains the almighty Oxygen, the element that allows us all to breathe. Surprisingly enough, Oxygen only makes up about twenty percent of the Earth’s air. Selenium is another of the many elements essential to life, but too much of it can be deadly. There are many allotropes in this group, too; especially in Sulfur. Family Seven Group XVI Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, Polonium 2 - The Oxygen Group O S Po Te Se Slide 15: Family Seven Group XVI Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, Polonium 2 - The Oxygen Group O S Po Te Se Sulfur, element number sixteen, can be found in a plain ol’ egg. Tellurium, element number fifty-two, is used in some computer parts. Magneto-Optical Disk Eggs Slide 16: Same as the alkali metals, the halogens are only one electron away from being complete, which means they are also very active. Any compound that consists of a halogen is called a halide. Fluorine has the special honor of being dubbed the most chemically active element of all. The word halogen means “salt former.” Family Eight Group XVII Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine 1 - Halogens F Cl At I Br Slide 17: Family Eight Group XVII Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine 1 - Halogens F Cl At I Br Fluorine, element number nine, is commonly used in toothpaste. Chlorine, element number seventeen, is easily found in public pools. Bromine, element number thirty-five, is a part of things such as photography film. Camera Film Slide 18: These elements are what somebody may call stuck up; they rarely ever combine. The noble gases all have a full shell, which explains why there is no oxidation number. The only known instance that one of these elements combined with another was when it was by force, through scientists. “Inert gases” is another name for this group. Family Nine He Ne Ar Rn Xe Kr Group XVIII Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon N/A Noble Gases Slide 19: Family Nine He Ne Ar Rn Xe Kr Group XVIII Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon N/A Noble Gases Krypton, element number thirty-six, is sometimes used in items such as flashlights. Neon, element number ten, can usually be found in light-up signs. Argon, element number eighteen, is common in things like light bulbs. Neon Sign Fluorescent Light bulb Flashlight Slide 20: F Fluorine N Nitrogen I Iodine 9 53 7 19.00 126.90 14.01 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.