Buggs, Griffin, Kierstead, Cascarelli

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Cyber bullying : 

Cyber Bullying Ashley Griffin, Tabatha Kierstead, Jerry Cascarelli, and Gabby Buggs 6/15/10 EDF 4603 Cyber bullying

Cyber Bullying : 

Cyber Bullying The National Crime Prevention Council defines cyber-bullying as "when the Internet, cell phones or other devices are used to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person.“

Why all this Bullying? : 

Why all this Bullying? Cyber bullying often occurs because a child is motivated by anger, revenge or frustration. Sometimes they do it for entertainment or because they are bored or they do it for laughs or to get a reaction. Symptoms that a child is being bullied: -the child is reluctant to use a computer, -the child looks or appeals nervous when they receive an email, IM or text, -the child displays unusual anger, sadness or depression. Symptoms that a child is the bully: the child having numerous online accounts the child avoiding discussion regarding their online activity, the child may close out of everything whenever someone walks into the room the child may frequently use the computer, especially in later hours of the day.

2004 I-SAFE survey of 1,500 students grades 4-8 : 

2004 I-SAFE survey of 1,500 students grades 4-8 42% of kids have been bullied while online. 1 in 4 have had it happen more than once. 21% of kids have received mean or threatening e-mail or other messages. 53% of kids admit having said something mean or hurtful to another person online. More than 1 in 3 have done it more than once. 58% have not told their parents or an adult about something mean or hurtful that happened to them online.

History of Cyber Bullying : 

History of Cyber Bullying Bullying in schools have gone on for a very long time but under the School Standards and Framework Act 1998 schools have been attempting to eliminate bullying in schools. A case against West Sussex County Council, in 2002, states that schools are still responsible even though the student isn’t on school grounds. MORSE v. FREDERICK (No. 06-278) October 2006 13 year old Megan Meier commits suicide because of cyber bullying. Ms. Linda T. Sanchez of California introduced a bill; to the House of Representatives called the `Megan Meier Cyber bullying Prevention Act'. Florida Legislature adopted the “Jeffrey Johnston Stand Up for All Students Act” (Fla. Stat. section 1006.147) in April 2008 Gov. John Lynch, of New Hampshire, signed the bill into law Tuesday, June 15, 2010 that requires schools to have policies against cyber bullying.

Cyber bullying safety concerns and why we should care? : 

Cyber bullying safety concerns and why we should care? The effects of cyber bullying are not limited to hurt feelings. Victims of cyber bullying respond much like traditional bullying victims: negative emotions, such as feeling sad, anxious, and lower self-esteem When these negative emotions aren’t dealt with properly, victims may resort to delinquency or suicide. Online victims are eight times more likely to report carrying a weapon to school in the last 30 days than non-bullied victimsCyber bullying has led to at least 4 cases of suicide in the United States and many more abroad. Suicide related to cyber bullying is called “cyber bullycide”

Barriers & Controversies : 

Barriers & Controversies Controversies School discipline v the rights of others Students 1st Amendment Freedom of Speech is being usurped by state and county school boards in order to control cyber bullying Freedom of Speech activists say that schools have no authority in their students home life School officials are being mandated to provide a bully free learning environment that extends past school grounds Barriers to solving this Issue: Most students have online access without much parental supervision Parents would need to become more involved with monitoring online access. Many parents believe that their child’s 1st Amendment right should cover whatever they what to say to whomever. As of now there are no Federal Laws against this issue

Who does cyber bullying effect? : 

Who does cyber bullying effect? Cyber bullying mostly effects minors For a situation to be determined as cyber bullying the people involved must both be minors When an adult is involved it becomes cyber harassment or cyber stalking (Many cases involving adults are still considered cyber bullying) Most cyber bullies know their victims In cases where the bully does not know the victim they are usually bullying on the basis of sexual orientation, religion, race, gender, or people who are deemed “not cool”

Effects of cyber bullying : 

Effects of cyber bullying The Victim: Cyber bullying can cause anxiety, depression, and many other stress-related disorders in children In extreme cases children have turned to suicide The Bully: Cyber bullies can be suspended from school or their extra-curricular activities In some cases the bullying violates anti-discrimination or sexual harassment laws

Cyber bullying Cases : 

Cyber bullying Cases Lori Drew vs. United States Lori Drew, 50 year old mother, created a fake social profile to get back at her daughters friend who betrayed her Lori created an online relationship between “Josh Evans” and Megan only to break up with her and tell her that the world would be better off without her Megan hung herself in October 2006 Courts dropped all charges against Lori Drew because there were no laws about cyber bullying Phoebe Prince Case Phoebe Prince, from Ireland, committed suicide January 14, 2010 after months of bullying at school and on Facebook Nine students have been connected with the case and six have been arraigned and will face a pre-trial hearing on July 1, 2010 Students have pleaded not-guilty on charges of statutory rape, civil rights violations, and harassment

Laws and Ethics of Cyber Bullying : 

Laws and Ethics of Cyber Bullying Laws: States hold their own laws against cyber-bullying Florida’s law: “Jeffrey Johnston Stand Up for All Students Act” (Fla. Stat. section 1006.147) In most states a law is not passed until the state has directly encountered a situation with cyber bullying Ethical debate: Different views about cyber bullying Goes against students Freedom of Speech Attacking students/minors to the point of thoughts of suicide Cyber bullying that results in suicide makes the bully a “murderer”

5 Ways the school can address the issue : 

5 Ways the school can address the issue Identify that there is a problem Assessing cyber bullying School monitoring of cyber bullying/ bullying Encourage victims to report abuse Provide staff training

What can teachers do? : 

What can teachers do? Teachers play an important role in raising awareness about cyber bullying. Teachers should constantly dedicate time to help parents and students understand the severity of this issue Discourage all forms of bullying in schools Staff training in cyber bullying could result in the need of financial assistance Understand cyber bullying and the impact technology has on the issue. Filters to monitor student activity Focus Groups Student programs that dedicate time to cyber bullying Guest speakers

Slide 14: 

i-Safty Inc. www.isafe.org Stop Cyber Bullying www.stopcyberbullying.org Cyber Bullying Research Center www.cyberbullying.us National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.org/cyberbullying How to Stop Bullying www.how-to-stop-bullying.com Books, Articles & Readings- Journal of School Health. “Extending the School Gounds.” By: Jaana Juvonen, PhD ., Elisheva F. Gross, PhD Journal of Adolescence Health. “Electronic Bullying Among Middle School Students.” Robin M. Kowalski, Ph.D. Susan P. Limber, Ph.D. Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard. By: Sameer Hinduja & Justin W. Patchin Cyber Bullying. By: Robin Kowalski, Ph.D., Susan Limber, Ph.D., & Patricia Agatston, Ph.D Cyber Bullying: Protecting Kids and Adults from Online Bullies. By: Samuel C. McQuade III, James P. Colt, and Nancy Meyer Helpful Websites, Books, Articles, & Readings

References : 

i-Safty Inc. http://www.isafe.org/channels/sub.php?ch=op&sub_id=media_cyber_bullying Teaching Expertise: Teach, Lead, and Succeed http://www.teachingexpertise.com/articles/cyberbullying-protect-your-pupils-and-the-school-1532 Open Congress http://www.opencongress.org/bill/110-h6123/text Make a Difference for Kids http://www.makeadifferenceforkids.org/cyberbullying.html Kowalski, Robin M., Sue Limber, and Patricia W. Agatston. Cyber Bullying: Bullying in the Digital Age. Malden, MA.: Blackwell Pub., 2008. Print. References

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