India Since Independence

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

the Indian subcontinent Since 1947: The Legacy of Independence Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth RathHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

Slide 3: 

Border problems

Jawarlal Nehru : 

Jawarlal Nehru Ally of Gandhi. 1st Prime Minister of India, 1947-1964. Advocated Industrialization. Promoted “Green Revolution”. Mixed Economy. Nonaligned Movement.

Slide 5: 

Non-Alignment Movement

Slide 6: 

The “mix” refers to private and public ownership. Foreign aid and foreign investment are crucial. Urban areas have high-tech companies. Three quarters of the population are farmers living in small villages. India's "Green Revolution" allowed farmers to triple their crop by using modern science and technology. India’s “mixed economy”

Slide 7: 

India’s “Green Revolution” Introducing higher-yielding varieties of seeds in 1965. Increased use of fertilizers & irrigation. GOAL  make India self-sufficient in food grains.

Slide 8: 

Nehru’s daughter. Prime Minister of India, 1966-1984. Continues Nehru’s policies. Faced corruption charges & internal rebellion. Assassinated in 1984. Indira Gandhi

Slide 9: 

India’s persecultion of the Sikhs

Slide 10: 

Mrs. Gandhi assassinated! Mrs. Gandhi lying in state.

Slide 11: 

Indira’s son. Prime Minister of India, 1984-1989. Some reform of economy and government. Also faced rebellion. Assassinated in 1991 while campaigning. Rajiv Gandhi

Slide 12: 

Italian-born Sonia Maino married Rajiv 1968. She moved into the house of mother-in- law, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A foreigner joins the family

Slide 13: 

1983  Indian citizen. 1984  first lady when her husband, Rajiv Gandhi, succeeded his assassinated mother as Prime Minister. Mrs. Sonia Maino Gandhi

Slide 14: 

1991  Tragedy struck the Gandhifamily again when Rajiv was killed by a suicide bomber.

Slide 15: 

Sonia Gandhi remains Roman Catholic, but follows Hindu and Indian traditions. With her children, she scattered Rajiv's ashes in the Ganges.

Slide 16: 

After Rajiv's death Sonia shied away from the spotlight. In 1998, she agreed to start her own career as a “Gandhi” again and became an important political leader.

Slide 17: 

Sonia's son Rahul and daughter Priyanka have also become politically active.

Slide 19: 

When her party won in the recent elections, she was asked to be Prime Minister. She decided not to accept the position. “The Jewel turns down the crown!”

Slide 20: 

May 2004  he held up a letter from India's president authorizing him to form a new government as prime minister. He stood next to Sonia Gandhi, the candidate for the post who stunned the country when she declined the office. Manmohan Singh

Slide 21: 

May 2004 India Swears in 13th Prime Minister and the first Sikh in the job.

Slide 22: 

Overpopulation  1 billion & climbing. Economic development. Hindu-Muslim tensions. Gender issues  dowry killings. Caste bias  discrimination against untouchables continues. The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons. Political assassinations. Major problems & Issues in india today

Slide 23: 

Greater tamil nadu

Slide 24: 

Tamil Separatism:The “tamil tigers”

Slide 25: 

Is the dream gone?

Slide 26: 

Led briefly by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Prime Minister Ayub Khan. Dangerous combination Was not prepared to rule in 1948. Strong Islamic fundamentalism. Impoverished. Pakistan divides in 1972 W. Pakistan = Pakistan E. Pakistan = Bangladesh pakistan

Slide 27: 

First Woman Prime Minister, 1988 Ousted in 1990, 1993 on corruption charges. Nawaz Sharif Ousted three times. Struggle between modernizers and fundamentalists. Benazir Bhutto

Slide 28: 

Coup d’etat. Secular government against Islamic fundamentalists. U.S. ally in the “War on Terror.” Gen. Pervex Musharaff

Slide 29: 

Economic development. Political instability/military dictatorship. Hindu-Muslim tensions. Gender issues  honor killings. Terrorism. The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons. Major problems & Issues in Pakistan today

Slide 30: 

India v. Pakistan: dangerous rivals

Slide 31: 

India-Pakistan Border Disputes

Slide 32: 

1971 India-Pakistan War

Slide 33: 

Mrs. Gandhi with her troops

Slide 34: 

2002 Military Statistics

Slide 36: 

1. jimmu & kashmir

Slide 37: 

Kashmir Crisis

Indian Soldiers Patrol the India-Pakistan Border in Pura, the Winter Capital of the State of Jammu & Kashmir - 1998 : 

Indian Soldiers Patrol the India-Pakistan Border in Pura, the Winter Capital of the State of Jammu & Kashmir - 1998

Slide 40: 

Indian Soldiers Near the Pakistani Border - 2001

Slide 41: 

A Pakistani Ranger At the Indian-Pakistani Joint Border Check Post in Wagha, India - 2001

Slide 42: 

Anti-war Protestors in Karachi, Pakistan - 2001

Slide 43: 

Kashmiri Militants - 2003

Slide 44: 

2. nuclear rivalry

Slide 45: 

What title would you give this political cartoon?

Slide 46: 

The India-Pakistan Arms Race Heats Up in the Late 1990s

Slide 47: 

2002 Nuclear Statistics

Slide 48: 

India’s Prithvi Missiles First Tested in 1988

Supporters of former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee chant nationalist slogans in support for his nuclear policy - 1998 : 

Supporters of former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee chant nationalist slogans in support for his nuclear policy - 1998

Former Indian Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, displays a sword given to him by Sikh youths in New Delhi to honor him for making India a nuclear power - 1998 : 

Former Indian Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, displays a sword given to him by Sikh youths in New Delhi to honor him for making India a nuclear power - 1998

Right-wing Pakistani Activists Burn Indian Flag to Protest Indian Nuclear Tests - 1998 : 

Right-wing Pakistani Activists Burn Indian Flag to Protest Indian Nuclear Tests - 1998

Hot Air Balloon Protesting India & Pakistan’s nuclear testing - 1998 : 

Hot Air Balloon Protesting India & Pakistan’s nuclear testing - 1998

India Displays Nuclear Missiles During “Republic Day,” - 2002 : 

India Displays Nuclear Missiles During “Republic Day,” - 2002

India Successfully Tested Agni Missiles - 2002 : 

India Successfully Tested Agni Missiles - 2002

Musharraf and Vajpayee at a meeting on nuclear issues in Nepal in 2002 : 

Musharraf and Vajpayee at a meeting on nuclear issues in Nepal in 2002

Slide 56: 

Is this a possibility?

Slide 57: 

India's Prime Minister ManMohan Singh Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf

Slide 58: 

New Friends? Musharraf and India's new Prime Minister Manmohan Singh speak by telephone frequently affirming a strong desire for peace and resolution of their disputes, including Kashmir, on which the two countries have fought two of their three wars.

Slide 59: 

Partners in the “War on Terror?”

Slide 60: 

US Sells F-16 Jets to Pakistan—India Not Pleased! (3/25/05) ManMohan Singh of India with President Bush (9/04)

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