Pillar 3

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CAADP Pillar IIIFramework for African Food Security (FAFS) : 

CAADP Pillar IIIFramework for African Food Security (FAFS)

Purpose of FAFS : 

Purpose of FAFS The purpose of FAFS is to: guide and assist stakeholders in Africa to simultaneously meet the objectives of CAADP Pillar III and the African growth agenda, and guide policy, programmes and M&E to address food insecurity.

Pillar vision : 

Pillar vision To increase resilience at all levels by decreasing food insecurity and linking vulnerable people into opportunities for agricultural growth

Linking results to the overall goals of CAADP and MDGs, PRSPs, ADPs and others : 

Linking results to the overall goals of CAADP and MDGs, PRSPs, ADPs and others Progress made through Pillar III will contribute directly to the overall CAADP objective of achieving a growth rate sufficient to reach the MDG goals of reducing poverty and hunger by half by 2015. Progress will be measured through: Improvement in food security and nutrition indicators Improvement in the household asset and/or income levels of targeted vulnerable populations. Similar to the CAADP Pillar II ‘value-chain’ vs ‘supply-chain’ approach, so Pillar III seeks to identify and understand the impact of any action on household income and consumption of the targeted groups

Pillar III/FAFS Target Groups : 

Pillar III/FAFS Target Groups Although a number of issues addressed under Pillar III my overlap with the objectives and activities reflected in other CAADP pillars, a key difference is that activities carried out under Pillar III are targeted directly to vulnerable populations in order to both accelerate access to the benefits and impacts of agricultural growth, and to accelerate ability to contribute to that growth. It is important to note that Pillar III does not attempt to address all sources and types of vulnerability and food insecurity

FAFS Objectives : 

FAFS Objectives Improved risk management Increased supply of affordable food through increased production and improved market linkages Increased economic opportunities for the vulnerable Increased quality of diets through diversification of food among the target groups.

Pillar III focuses on: : 

Pillar III focuses on: Ensuring that vulnerable populations have the opportunity to both contribute to, and benefit from agricultural growth Reducing the vulnerability of poor households to economic and climatic shocks, because of the clear linkages between repeated exposure to shocks; the erosion of household assets and coping mechanisms and deepening poverty. The linkages between poverty, hunger, and malnutrition—and the enormous threat posed by chronic hunger and malnutrition to the current and future productivity of Africa.

Food security means… : 

Food security means… Having access to enough food or the means with which to acquire food to meet requirements for an active and healthy life. Food insecurity is the lack of food or the means with which to acquire it in a dignified way. Chronic food insecurity exists when consumption and/or income to acquire food is inadequate over time.

Vulnerability means… : 

Vulnerability means… Vulnerability to food insecurity is not having the ability to cope with shocks, stresses and threats that affect availability, access and/or utilisation of food. The ability to cope rests on having buffers, savings, investments, insurances and safety nets to call on when faced with reduced food or the means to access food. Vulnerability to food insecurity is likely to co-exist with multiple vulnerabilities such as poverty, illness, unemployment, crime etc.

Resilience means… : 

Resilience means… ……the ability for households, communities and nations to anticipate and mitigate risk by providing buffers and insurances to draw on and action plans to respond efficiently and quickly to shocks and crises in order to ensure rapid recovery post shock or crisis.

Purpose of FAFS : 

Purpose of FAFS The purpose of FAFS is to: guide and assist stakeholders in Africa to simultaneously meet the objectives of CAADP Pillar III and the African growth agenda, and guide policy, programmes and M&E.

The FAFS presents: : 

The FAFS presents: The current status of hunger and malnutrition in Africa; Key causes of hunger and malnutrition; Priority responses to address these issues; How FAFS can be used, Recommendations to increase food supply, eliminate hunger and malnutrition and improve emergency management at country, regional and continental levels Suggestions for monitoring, evaluation and peer review processes. Suggests a model for coordination of pillar III activities. Suggestions for scaling up actions Provides a guide for Pillar 3 in Country Round Tables Analysis and scenario tools under development

Pillar III/FAFS Target Groups : 

Pillar III/FAFS Target Groups Although a number of issues addressed under Pillar III my overlap with the objectives and activities reflected in other CAADP pillars, a key difference is that activities carried out under Pillar III are targeted directly to vulnerable populations in order to both accelerate access to the benefits and impacts of agricultural growth, and to accelerate ability to contribute to that growth. It is important to note that Pillar III does not attempt to address all sources and types of vulnerability and food insecurity

Linking results to the overall goals of CAADP and MDGs : 

Linking results to the overall goals of CAADP and MDGs Progress made through Pillar III will contribute directly to the overall CAADP objective of achieving a growth rate sufficient to reach the MDG goals of reducing poverty and hunger by half by 2015. Progress will be measured through: Improvement in food security and nutrition indicators Improvement in the household asset and/or income levels of targeted vulnerable populations. Similar to the CAADP Pillar II ‘value-chain’ vs ‘supply-chain’ approach, so Pillar III seeks to identify and understand the impact of any action on household income and consumption of the targeted groups

FAFS Objectives : 

FAFS Objectives Improved risk management Increased supply of affordable food through increased production and improved market linkages Increased economic opportunities for the vulnerable Increased quality of diets through diversification of food among the target groups.

Objective 1 : 

Objective 1 Improved risk management at the household, community, national and regional levels to inform decisions that ultimately impact the building and protection of assets and investments, and to strengthen national, regional, and community responses to climatic and economic shocks that risk and undermine the coping mechanisms of vulnerable populations.

Objective 2 : 

Objective 2 Increased supply of affordable commodities through increased production and improved market linkages: Increasing the supply of food through increased production and improved market linkages will increase the food available to households and communities. Strategies to increase the production of staple commodities are also more likely to impact poor small farm holders, increasing their incomes and extending the geographic reach of markets to underserved areas.

Objective 3 : 

Objective 3 Increased economic opportunities for the vulnerable. Identifying potential opportunities for diversification of livelihoods—particularly in support of adding value to agricultural production (through local processing, handling, transport, etc.) will both build resiliency and contribute to rural growth. Close coordination with strategies undertaken under other pillars will improve outcomes under this objective, as will pro-active attempts to link safety-net interventions to access to agricultural inputs, credit, training, and other interventions capable of providing opportunities for the poor to accumulate, diversify, and invest in assets.

Objective 4 : 

Objective 4 Increased quality of diets through diversification of food among the target groups. While investment in increasing the production of staple foods will have an immediate, significant, impact on the poor, increasing the ability of the poor to access sufficient protein and micronutrients through varied, nutritious diets is necessary to ensure sustainable gains in the battle against poverty, hunger and malnutrition.

Advancing CAADP at country level : 

Advancing CAADP at country level FAFS outlines Immediate Medium term and Long term action options. The current crisis calls for a rapid response to a global crisis that increases hunger and malnutrition in Africa and erodes coping ability and undermine resilience But the current crisis is not a typical shock but a long term adjustment in prices An external shock to mitigate – emergency response Supply response capacity is intact – opportunity to respond next season While immediate large scale assistance is required to fill the immediate emergency requirements and food gap, The medium and long term solutions called for by CAADP (supply response for growth) are more appropriate now than ever!

Developing an Operational Plan for Pillar III : 

Developing an Operational Plan for Pillar III Identify the chronically food insecure and those vulnerable to chronic food insecurity, characterize the vulnerable and the causes of food insecurity; Estimate the magnitude of change required to achieve the Pillar III vision and objectives of CAADP; Create an inventory and identify options to achieve the objectives of the vision; Prioritize interventions and costing options to focus on the best returns for an investment plan and addressing the necessary conditions to meet objectives; Review of implementation options, roles, responsibilities and coordination; and Finalize and package an integrated programme that includes an investment and operational plan and arrangements.

A different context : 

A different context More than ever before is our collective creativity needed to find smart programme packages that SIMULTANEOUSLY: Address immediate needs Achieve the CAADP growth targets Increase overall food supply and availability Protect, buffer and provide opportunities for vulnerable populations Improve dietary intakes AND use resources in the most cost-effective ways.

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