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Kate Weir http://www.infiniteunknown.net/tag/vaccination/page/4/ Autism : Autism Discovered in 1943 by Leo Kanner Gaining public interest with rising number of cases in the past few decades Developmental brain disorder A “spectrum disorder” http://www.democracycellproject.net/blog/images/time_autism_cover.jpg Signs of autism : Signs of autism http://www.babble.com/CS/blogs/strollerderby/2009/07/autism.png 1990: 1 in 5000 children diagnosed with autism2010: 1 in 110 children have the disorder : 1990: 1 in 5000 children diagnosed with autism2010: 1 in 110 children have the disorder http://www.generationautism.com/images/logos/Increase_in_autism_diagnosis.png Slide 5: http://www.opposingviews.com/attachments/0002/3358/autism.jpg Sometimes signs appear at birth Called “regressive autism” when symptoms don’t appear until later, usually between ages 1-3 This is around the same time children receive many of their vaccinations MMR Vaccine and Autism : MMR Vaccine and Autism http://bryanking.net/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/thimerosal.jpg First linked in 1998 when Dr. Andrew Wakefield published his study in The Lancet Parents begin to worry about having their children vaccinated Slide 7: Dr. Andrew Wakefield http://www.findingdulcinea.com/docroot/dulcinea/fd_images/news/health/2009/feb/Newspaper-Accuses-MMR-Autism-Study-Author-of-Falsifying-Data/news/0/image.jpg Thimerosal : Thimerosal Thimerosal- a chemical preservative that contains mercury Present in 30 childhood vaccines in 1998 Symptoms of mercury poisoning and autism are similar http://www.helpyourautisticchildblog.com/wp-content/uploads/auti.jpg Hepatitis B vaccine : Hepatitis B vaccine Stony Brook University Medical Center 2007 study: Boys who receive Hepatitis B vaccine 8.63 times more likely to need special education services for disorders such as autism Aluminum : As amount thimerosal was reduced in vaccines, the amount of aluminum was increased Theorized that maybe heavy metals in general are causing damage, not mercury specifically Aluminum Slide 11: Metallothionein http://www.bioc.uzh.ch/mtpage/PIC/ratmt.jpg Metallothionein: a protein that helps to rid the body of heavy metals and toxins Theorized that autism appears when metallothionein doesn’t function properly A Genetic Link : A Genetic Link Most scientists agree that there is a genetic link to autism Rate of autism growing faster than rate of population growth, so another factor must be present http://z.about.com/d/autism/1/0/-/0/-/-/babydnatetraimages.jpg Is it simply too much? : Is it simply too much? http://www.generationautism.com/showthread.php?p=182 Maybe the large amount of vaccines given over-taxes a child’s immune system Schedules proposed that spread vaccines out over more time Slide 14: http://www.rescuepost.com/photos/uncategorized/2007/11/27/vaccination.jpg University of Louisville School of Medicine study finds no advantage to spreading out vaccines Waiting to give vaccines leaves child exposed to diseases longer Slide 15: Jenny McCarthy and Generation Rescue http://www.talkaboutcuringautism.org/jenny/images/jenny-in-people-magazine.jpg http://jollypeople.com/files/2009/04/jim_carrey.jpg http://www.run4areason.org/media/GenerationRescue.jpg Slide 16: http://www.generationrescue.org/about/campaigns Less vaccines: more diseases : Less vaccines: more diseases Some parents not vaccinating their children out of fear of autism Measles outbreak in San Diego in 2008 36 children at affected school had been exempted from vaccinations Scientists worried about effects of not vaccinating children The media vs. science : The media vs. science Scientists worry that media attention and money spent on the vaccine theory diverts attention away from other more promising ventures http://images.eonline.com/eol_images/Entire_Site/20090604/425.mccarthy.winfrey.060409.jpg Slide 19: Vaccine Court http://www.familyfriendlyjuryduty.org/JuryDutyKY/JuryDutyKY_files/images/gavel_shadow.jpg March 12, 2010: U.S. Court of Federal Claims decides there is not enough evidence to prove a link between autism and vaccines Families affected by autism not entitled to compensation Slide 20: Scientists have yet to identify exactly what causes autism. The disorder is certain to remain an area of medical attention and controversy in the years to come. http://www.workitmom.com/bloggers/workitmom/files/2008/06/family-walking-park.jpg Looking to the future Slide 21: Bibliography "Age of Autism | Vaccination News." Inbox Robot. Web. 28 May 2010. <http://www.vaccinationnews.com/age-autism>. "Autism-Vaccine Link: Evidence Doesn't Dispel Doubts." WebMD - Better Information. Better Health. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/searching-for-answers/vaccines-autism>. Bradstreet J, Geier D, Kartzinel J, Adams J, and Geier M. "A Case-Control Study of Mercury Burden in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders. " Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 10.4 (2004): 94-94. ProQuest Medical Library, ProQuest. Web. 16 May. 2010. Burns, John F. "Council Bars Doctor Who Claimed Link Between Vaccines and Autism - NYTimes.com." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 24 May 2010. Web. 28 May 2010. "CDC - Concerns About Autism - Vaccine Safety." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/Concerns/Autism/Index.html>. "Disordered Metal Metabolism in a Large Autism Population." Bio-Balance Health Australia - Biochemical Treatment for Mental &Behavioural Disorders. Web. 29 May 2010. <http://www.biobalance.org.au/articles/17>. Geschwind, Daniel. "The Vaccine-autism Controversy." Nature Medicine 15.9: 992. Nature Journals Online. Web. 17 May 2010. Hewitt, Ben. "Autism roulette." Best Life Oct. 2008: 124. Health Reference Center Academic. Web. 16 May 2010. Immunization Safety Review Vaccines and Autism. Washington, D.C.: National Academies, 2004. Print. Jellinger, K. A. "Autism. Current Theories and Evidence." European Journal of Neurology 16.4 (2009): e97. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 16 May 2010. Jenny McCarthy's Generation Rescue: Autism Is Preventable and Reversible. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.generationrescue.org/>. Newschaffer, CJ, MD Falb, and JG Gurney. "National autism prevalence trends from United States special education data." Pediatrics 115.3 (2005): e277-82. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. EBSCO. Web. 16 May 2010. Levy, S., Mandell, D., & Schultz, R.. (2009). Autism. The Lancet, 374(9701), 1627-38. Retrieved May 16, 2010, from ProQuest Medical Library. (Document ID: 1898636031). Slide 22: Mid-1990s, The. "BBC News - Profile: Dr Andrew Wakefield." BBC NEWS | News Front Page. Web. 28 May 2010. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/3513365.stm>. "Online NewsHour: Understanding Autism -- August 24, 2001." PBS. Web. 29 May 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/health/july-dec01/autism_8-24.html>. "Outbreak of Measles --- San Diego, California, January--February 2008." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web. 29 May 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm57e222a1.htm>. "SafeMinds - Autism Mercury Thimerosal - Mercury." SafeMinds Autism Mercury Thimerosal. Web. 28 May 2010. <http://www.safeminds.org/mercury/vaccines-and-autism.html>. Smith, Michael J., and Charles R. Woods. "On-time Vaccine Receipt in the First Year Does Not Adversely Affect Neuropsychological Outcomes." Pediatrics 125.6 (2010): 1134-141. Pediatrics. American Academy of Pediatrics, 24 May 2010. Web. 28 May 2010. "Vaccine Court Finds No Link to Autism - CNN.com." CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News. Web. 29 May 2010. <http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/03/12/vaccine.court.ruling.autism/index.html>. "Vaccine Study Retracted, and Causes of Autism Remain Elusive - On Parenting (usnews.com)." Health - U.S.News& World Report. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://health.usnews.com/health-news/blogs/on-parenting/2010/02/03/vaccine-study-retracted-and-causes-of-autism-remain-elusive>. Wallis, Claudia. "Debunked." Time 175.6 (2010): 18. Business Source Complete. EBSCO. Web. 28 May 2010. Zajac, Andrew. "'Vaccines Court' Rejects Mercury-autism Link in 3 Test Cases - Los Angeles Times." Featured Articles From The Los Angeles Times. Web. 01 June 2010. <http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/13/science/la-sci-autism13-2010mar13>. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.