Lesson 5 Shooting an Elephant : Lesson 5 Shooting an Elephant Teaching Aims : Teaching Aims Time Allowed: 9 periods
1. Learn to understand the conflict between the east and the west in the colonial ages.
2. Learn how to write in the style of narration intertwined with comment.
3. Master the vocabulary about Colonialism and important language points. Teaching Plan:3 sessions : Teaching Plan:3 sessions 1st Session (135 minutes):
I. Comment on the assignments for the previous lesson (15 minutes)
II. Duty report (comment and discussion) (15 minutes) III. Pre-study Questions(15 minutes) : III. Pre-study Questions(15 minutes) 1. What is the writer’s attitude towards the natives and the British Empire?
2. What’s the theme of this essay? Background Information(10 minutes) : Background Information(10 minutes) Burma-UK relationship:
In the 19th century, Britain invaded Burma 3 times;
In 1886, Burma became a province of Anglo-India;
In 1937, Burma was under the direct rule of British viceroy;
In 1942, Japan dominated Burma.
In 1948, Burma became independent.
This article was written in 1936.
The sun-never-set British Empire: refer to
http://flagspot.net/flags/gb-colon.html#list The Author : The Author "Shooting an Elephant" is an essay by George Orwell (1903-1950) written during the autumn of 1936. A narrative, Orwell retells his account of shooting an elephant in British-controlled Burma as an Imperial Policeman in the early 1920s. Text Organization (10 minutes) : Text Organization (10 minutes) Part I: The Burmese vented their hostility on the Europeans in petty ways.
Part II: I was stuck in an awkward situation.
Part III: I had to kill an elephant that had gone must although I didn't have the intention to do so. Cultural Notes (15 minutes) : Cultural Notes (15 minutes) Note 1: white elephant:In English, the phrase refers to a rare, expensive possession that is a financial burden to maintain or something of dubious or limited value.
In Thailand and India: national symbol of Thailand. Holy elephant, a symbol of power and peace.
Want to know more? Click http://www.21cep.com/thai/eleph1.htm Cultural Notes : Cultural Notes Note 2: Dichotomy of Postcolonialism (Orientalism by Edward Said)
Feminine Masculine …
Discussion: When you get along with the white people, can you sense a tinge of white man’s superiority? Note 3: Crucify : Note 3: Crucify To put (a person) to death by nailing or binding to a cross.
Note to the picture Crucifix: Byzantine iconographic formula （拜占庭肖像风格）, Florentine school（佛罗伦萨画派） Assignment for further studies : Assignment for further studies Investigate into the death of Jesus Christ, and find out who crucified Jesus.
http://home.ca.inter.net/oblio/supp03.htm Text analysis (10 minutes) : Text analysis (10 minutes) Paragraph 1:
Find out the topic sentence.
Find out the supporting facts. Language Points in paragraph 1(45 minutes) : Language Points in paragraph 1(45 minutes) Words and phrases:
Sneer and jeer
Get badly on one’s nerves
Have nothing to do except do… Structures:
1. Emphatic structure: it was the only time that…
2. Analyze the sentence: In the end, the sneering yellow faces of young men that met me everywhere, the insults hooted after me when I was at a safe distance, got badly on my nerves. Gut : Gut No guts, no glory.
Nothing ventured, nothing gained.
e.g. Jack didn’t have the guts to tell Rose that he had a secret crush on her.
e.g. Colm felt in his gut that he was guilty. Bait : Bait n. phrase: Jump at the bait. :be credulous
Part of speech in the text: v. tease, attack
e.g. The big boys found every means to bait the new comer at school. Hoot: n/vt. : Hoot: n/vt. e.g. His promise is not worth a hoot. (syn. damn, shucks) (noun)
The audience hooted the actor and they hooted him off the stage. (verb) Anti- : Anti- Prefix anti-:
Could you give more words with the same prefix?
anti-secession law (反分裂法)；
Anti-Semitism（反犹太主义） Jeer : Jeer Brainstorming: similar expressions:
Mock, scoff, scorn, tease, sneer…
Part of speech: vt, vi, n.
e.g. jeer at one’s mistakes
Be tired of one’s jeer 2nd Session (135 minutes) : 2nd Session (135 minutes) I. Duty report (comment and discussion) (15 minutes) II. Revision (15 minutes) : II. Revision (15 minutes) Revision of the previously learnt content, structures or vocabulary. III. Interactive activities (15 minutes) : III. Interactive activities (15 minutes) Group discussion:
Topic 1: What kind of dilemma was the narrator in?
Topic 2: Can you identify with him?
Topic 3: Where can you locate the narrator’s sense of superiority? IV. Language points in paragraph 2 & 3(60 minutes) : IV. Language points in paragraph 2 & 3(60 minutes) Paragraph 2
chuck (up, out),
Clamp down on/upon
Prostrate Paragraph 3
Take to one’s heels
Inflict Important structures : Important structures 1. Be all for sth. and all against sth.
2. Analyze the long sentence: The wretched prisoners huddling in the stinking cages of the lockups; the grey, cowed faces of the long-term convicts, the scarred buttocks of the men who had been flogged with bamboos—all these oppressed me with an intolerable sense of guilt. Important structures (continued) : Important structures (continued) 3. I did not even know that…still less did I know that…
4. With one part of my mind I thought…with another part I thought… Language points: perplex : Language points: perplex v 1: be a mystery or bewildering to; [syn: vex, stick, get, puzzle, mystify, baffle, beat, pose, bewilder, flummox, stupefy, nonplus, gravel, amaze, dumbfound] "This beats me!"; "Got me--I don't know the answer!"; "a vexing problem"; "This question really stuck me"
2: make more complicated; [syn: complicate] [ant: simplify]"There was a new development that complicated the matter" Chuck : Chuck v 1: throw carelessly; "chuck the ball" [syn: toss]
2: throw away; "Chuck these old notes"
e.g. He got fed up with his job and chucked it in (up).
e.g. I'm going to chuck out those old shoes. Convict : Convict n
1: a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison [syn: con, inmate, jailbird, gaolbird]
2: a person who has been convicted of a criminal offence
v : find or declare guilty; "The man was convicted of fraud and sentenced" [ant: acquit]
【Derivation】: conviction: belief
e.g. All his convictions deserted him. 信心全无。 Impose : Impose v 1: compel to behave in a certain way; "Social relations impose courtesy" [syn: enforce]
2: impose something unpleasant; [syn: inflict, bring down, visit] "The principal visited his rage on the students"
e.g. Don’t impose your company upon those who don’t want you.
3: impose and collect; "levy a fine" [syn: levy] Supplant : Supplant Supplant often suggests the use of intrigue or underhanded tactics to take another's place:
E.g.The rivaling poor Jones, and supplanting him in her affections, added another spur to his pursuit (Henry Fielding). 对抗的可怜的琼斯，以及用她的影响取代他的位置的举动进一步刺激了他的追求.（亨利·费尔汀）。
The steam engine began to supplant the muscular power of men and animals. (James Harvey Robinson).
“蒸汽机开始取代人和动物的劳动”（詹姆士·哈维·罗宾逊）。 Clamp down on/upon : Clamp down on/upon v : repress or suppress (something regarded as undesirable):
e.g. The police clamped down on illegal drugs. [syn: crack down]
Mobile phone short message frauds should be clamped down. Prostrate : Prostrate A World without Thieves Prostrate : Prostrate v. 1.To put or throw flat with the face down, as in submission or adoration: to prostrate oneself before rank and wealth.
2. To cause to lie flat: The wind prostrated the young trees.
3. To reduce to extreme weakness or incapacitation; overcome: an illness that prostrated an entire family; a nation that was prostrated by years of civil war. Enlighten : Enlighten V. To give spiritual or intellectual insight to: “Enlighten the people generally, and tyranny and oppression of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day” (Thomas Jefferson).
adj. enlightening: making understandable or clarifying; "an enlightening/illuminating lecture"; "illuminating pieces of information" [syn: illuminating] [ant: unilluminating] Motive : Motive Adj. 1: causing or able to cause motion; "a motive force"; "motive power"; [syn: motive(a), motor]
2: impelling to action; "it may well be that ethical language has primarily a motivative function"- Arthur Pap; "motive pleas"; "motivating arguments“
n 1: something (as a need or desire) that causes a person to act [syn: motivation, need]
E.g. His sole motive was to make her happy. Ravage, devastate, sack, despoil and raid : Ravage, devastate, sack, despoil and raid Ravage: suggests a violent, severe and often cumulative destruction. 蹂躏
Devastate: implies the complete ruin and desolation of a wide area so that nothing useful remains.毁坏
Sack: implies the looting and destroying of a place. Eg. The Barbarians sacked ancient Rome.洗劫
Despoil: applies to the looting or robbing of a place or a person without suggesting accompanying destruction. 掠夺
Raid: attack suddenly, not to take control but to do damage. Take to one’s heels : Take to one’s heels Escape, run away
On/at one’s heels: follow immediately, follow the immediate wake
[Flash back] A tired brown spaniel kept close at their heels. (Lesson 8 in Book 3, The Open Window) Inflict : Inflict v : impose something unpleasant
E.g.The principal visited/inflicted his rage on the students. [syn: bring down, visit, impose]
She inflicts the child on her mother each weekend. V. Paraphrase key sentences (30 minutes) : V. Paraphrase key sentences (30 minutes) 1. As for the job I was doing, I hated it more bitterly than I can perhaps make clear.
2. I was young and ill-educated and I had had to think out my problems in the utter silence that is imposed on every Englishman in the East.
3. Feelings like these are the normal by-products of imperialism; ask any Anglo-Indian official, if you can catch him off duty. Slide 39: 4. It was a tiny incident in itself, but it gave me a better glimpse than I had had before of the real nature of imperialism—the real motives for which despotic governments act.
5. Its mahout, the only person who could manage it when it was in that state, had set out in pursuit, but had taken the wrong direction and was now 12 hours’ journey away.
6. It had met the municipal rubbish van and, when …and inflicted violence upon it. 3rd Session (135 minutes) : 3rd Session (135 minutes) I. Duty report (comment and discussion) (15 minutes) II. Revision (10 minutes) : II. Revision (10 minutes) Revision of the previously learnt structures or vocabulary. (10 minutes) III. Interactive activities (10 minutes) : III. Interactive activities (10 minutes) Let’s Talk: Conflict between men and elephants in Xi Shuang Ban Na. IV. Important structures & language points in paragraph 4，5， 6 (55 minutes) : IV. Important structures & language points in paragraph 4，5， 6 (55 minutes) Structures:
1. It had been chained up, as tame elephants always are when their attack of “must” is due.
2. The nearer you get to the scene of events the vaguer it becomes.
3. It was a bit of fun to them, as it would be to an English crowd.
4. And at that distance, peacefully eating, the elephant looked no more dangerous than a cow. Language points : Language points As to
Distance: at a safe distance
The nearer, the vaguer.
Take not the least notice of
Be comparable to
Pass off Scandalize : Scandalize vt. Shock, offend
E.g. I was absolutely scandalized to hear that the council has demolished that lovely old building. 听说市政会把那所漂亮的古老建筑拆毁了,我感到非常震惊。
In the text, it means shocked, appalled. Profess : Profess v. intr.
To make an open affirmation.
To take the vows of a religious order or congregation.
Collocation: profess to do sth, profess sth, profess that.. Exclaim: shout : Exclaim: shout Claim: to state to be true, maintain, assert
Reclaim: To bring back, as from error, to a right or proper course; reform. E.g. reclaim land from sea 填海拓地
Acclaim: To praise enthusiastically and often publicly; applaud.
Proclaim: To announce officially and publicly; declare. Strip : Strip 1: take away possessions from someone; "The Nazis stripped the Jews of all their assets" [syn: deprive, divest] (deprive/rob sb. of sth.)
2: get undressed; “She strips in front of strangers every night for a living” ; strip to the waist [syn: undress, discase, uncase, unclothe, strip down, disrobe, peel] [ant: dress]
3: remove the surface from; "strip a snake" Flock : Flock V. 1: move as a crowd or in a group; "Tourists flocked to the shrine where the statue was said to have shed tears."
Birds of a feather flock together.
2: come together as in a cluster or flock; "The poets flock/constellate in this town every summer" [syn: cluster, constellate, clump]
N. a flock of birds Jostle : Jostle Vt. 1: make one's way by pushing or shoving; "We had to jostle our way to the front of the platform."
2: come into rough contact with while moving; "The passengers jostled each other in the overcrowded train" [syn: shove] (digression: transport during the Spring Festival 春运 ) Pass off : Pass off 1. stop, fade away
E.g. The storm passed off.
After a sound sleep her headache passed off.
2. To present (one's self) as other than what one is, personate
She passed herself off as an experienced actress. Exercises(45 minutes) : Exercises(45 minutes) 1. Check home work: Who crucified Jesus Christ?
2. Translate paragraph 2 into Chinese.
3. Exercises for the text. Assignments : Assignments 1. Recite the first 2 paragraphs.
2. Preview Lesson 6 (Shooting an Elephant II) and write a summary of the whole story.