Global Expansion Of Nuclear Power

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MilestonesorMillstones : 

MilestonesorMillstones Alex R. Burkart, Deputy Director Office of Nuclear Energy, Safety and Security United States Department of State

Global Expansion of Nuclear Power Is Underway : 

October 2, 2007 GNEP/AFCRD Annual Review 2 Global Expansion of Nuclear Power Is Underway Recommended chartering of a nuclear planning committee…in Ghana Ghana News Agency, 3-8-07 “Thailand to study feasibility for nuclear plant” Power Engineering Magazine, 3-5-07 “Government has taken a decision to utilize nuclear power…” The Namibian, 1-12-07 “Toshiba is ready to move forward with nuclear reactor for Galena.” Alaska Public Radio Network, 4-27-07 India Limited (NPCIL) is now eyeing the export market for nuclear reactors India Economic Times, 3-4-07 Russia's first floating nuclear power plant under construction World Nuclear News, 4-20-07 PBMR … could be deployed all over the world” Executive Intelligence Review, 2-10-07 “Argentina is relaunching an eight year nuclear energy development program ” Mercopress, 8-23-06 call for speeding up the Jordanian nuclear programme Arab News, 8-27-07 “Chile announces plans to research nuclear energy” Santiago Times, 2-28-07 Currently there are more than 440 reactors operating in 32 States 20 additional countries have taken action to implement nuclear power between 2015 and 2030 By 2100 it is anticipated that 60 states will utilize nuclear power

Milestones for Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development : 

Milestones for Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development National Position Nuclear Safety Management Funding and Financing Legislative Framework Safeguards Regulatory Framework Radiation Protection Electrical Grid Human Resource Development Stakeholder Involvement Site & Supporting Facilities Environmental Protection Emergency Planning Security & Physical Protection Nuclear Fuel Cycle Radioactive Waste Industrial Involvement Procurement

What’s Next : 

What’s Next Develop Assessment Tool IAEA Assessments and Self-Assessments Identification of Areas Needing Further Development Identification of Projects to Meet Needs Conducting Projects Through the TC Program or Bilateral/Multilateral Cooperation

Identified Concerns : 

Identified Concerns Need Knowledgeable People to Develop Knowledgeable People – Chicken or Egg Dilemma Balance Objectives of “National Development” and “Just Generate Electricity” How do I get from “What do I do?” to “How do I do it?” How to Integrate IAEA Resources with Other Sources of Assistance

How the United States Could Help:The Department of State : 

How the United States Could Help:The Department of State Largest Contributor to IAEA TCF Footnote A projects Fellowships and Traineeships Funds Courses Contributions to IAEA Infrastructure Development Project AID Coordination of Nuclear Cooperation Policies

How the United States Could Help: The Department of Energy : 

How the United States Could Help: The Department of Energy Expertise in Radioactive Waste/Spent Fuel Management Expertise in Decontamination/ Decommissioning Site Characterization R&D on Grid-Appropriate Reactors Safety Evaluations and Assistance Energy Planning

How the United States Could Help: National Nuclear Security Administration : 

How the United States Could Help: National Nuclear Security Administration Safeguards Training and Equipment Physical Protection Training and Equipment Intermediate and Low Level Waste Management Emergency Management Radiation protection Training Interface With Many DOE/USG Capabilities (one-stop shopping)

How the United States Could Help:Nuclear Regulatory Commission : 

How the United States Could Help:Nuclear Regulatory Commission Inspector/Regulator Training and Experience Legislation and Regulations Technical Advice on Safety Issues Design Certification of U.S. Reactors Safety/Regulatory Research Multinational Design Evaluation Program

The Joint Declaration : 

The Joint Declaration Issued July 3, 2007 by Presidents Bush and Putin Proposed a range of cooperative activities Facilitating supply of modern, safe and more proliferation resistant reactors Reliable access to nuclear fuel Solutions to spent fuel management Assistance in developing infrastructure Facilitating financing To create a viable alternative to further development and deployment of sensitive technology

The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership : 

The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership GNEP Statement of Principles GNEP Partner states share the common vision of the necessity of global nuclear energy expansion for peaceful purposes in a safe and secure manner Goals Facilitate this large-scale expansion to encourage clean development and prosperity world-wide, improve the environment, and reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation Objectives Expand nuclear power in a sustainable manner Develop enhanced safeguards Promote the development of power reactors appropriate for developing countries Establish international fuel service frameworks Reduce nuclear waste and simplify its disposition

Global Nuclear Energy PartnershipSeptember 16, 2007 Ministerial : 

Global Nuclear Energy PartnershipSeptember 16, 2007 Ministerial 16 Partners – Developed and Developing Countries 19 Observer States 3 Observer International Organizations 2 Working Groups Reliable Fuel Services Infrastructure Development

Slide 13: 

GNEP Infrastructure Concept GNEP Partner State interested in nuclear energy “Dedicated expert” and expert teams assigned from GNEP experts pool Individualized Infrastructure Action Plan Integrated resource package Assessments to identify requirements, needs Review of draft proposal Viable nuclear power program Growth and invigoration of infrastructure needed for nuclear energy Existing resources (IAEA and others) GNEP Partner resources Implementation

Millstonesor Feathers : 

Millstonesor Feathers Lighten the Load with International Cooperation

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