Introduction to Windows Server 2003

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70-290: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, EnhancedChapter 1:Introduction to Windows Server 2003 : 

70-290: MCSE Guide to Managing a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, EnhancedChapter 1:Introduction to Windows Server 2003

Objectives : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 2 Objectives Differentiate between the different editions of Windows Server 2003 Explain Windows Server 2003 network models and server roles Identify concepts relating to Windows Server 2003 network management and maintenance Explain Windows Server 2003 Active Directory concepts

Windows Server 2003 Network Administration Goals : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 3 Windows Server 2003 Network Administration Goals To ensure that network resources such as files, folders, and printers are available to users To secure the network so that available resources are only accessible to users who have been granted the proper permissions

Windows Server 2003 Editions : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 4 Windows Server 2003 Editions Multiple versions of Windows Server 2003 exist Each version is defined to meet the need of a certain market segment Versions Include: Standard Edition Enterprise Edition Datacenter Edition Web Edition

Standard Edition : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 5 Standard Edition Designed for everyday needs of small to medium businesses or as a departmental server for larger organizations Provides file and print services, secure Internet connectivity, centralized management of network resources Logical upgrade path for Windows 2000 Server Can be used as a domain controller, member server, or standalone server

Standard Edition (continued) : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 6 Standard Edition (continued)

Enterprise Edition : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 7 Enterprise Edition Generally used for medium to large businesses Designed for organizations that require better performance, reliability, and availability than Standard Edition provides Available in both 32 and 64-bit editions

Enterprise Edition (continued) : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 8 Enterprise Edition (continued)

Enterprise Edition (continued) : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 9 Enterprise Edition (continued)

Datacenter Edition : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 10 Datacenter Edition Designed for mission-critical applications, very large databases, and information access that requires the highest levels of availability Can only be obtained from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)

Datacenter Edition Continued : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 11 Datacenter Edition Continued

Web Edition : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 12 Web Edition Lower-cost edition Designed for hosting and deploying Web services and applications Meant for small to large companies or departments that develop and/or deploy Web services

Web Edition (continued) : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 13 Web Edition (continued)

Activity 1-1: Determining the Windows Server 2003 Edition Installed on a Server : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 14 Activity 1-1: Determining the Windows Server 2003 Edition Installed on a Server Objective is to determine the edition of Windows Server 2003 installed on your server using System Properties Follow the instructions in the book to log in Start  My Computer  Properties  General tab

Windows Networking Concepts Overview : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 15 Windows Networking Concepts Overview Two different security models used in Windows environments Workgroup Domain Three roles for a Windows Server 2003 system in a network Standalone server Member server Domain controller

Workgroups : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 16 Workgroups A workgroup is a logical group of computers Characterized by a decentralized security and and administration model Limitations Users need unique accounts on each workstation Users manage their own accounts (security issues) Not very scalable

Domains : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 17 Domains A domain is a logical group of computers Characterized by centralized authentication and administration Authentication provided through centralized Active Directory Requires at least one system configured as a domain controller

Member Servers : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 18 Member Servers A member server Has an account in a domain Is not configured as a domain controller Typically used for file, print, application, and host network services All 4 Windows Server 2003 Editions can be configured as member servers

Domain Controllers : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 19 Domain Controllers

Activity 1-2: Determining the Domain or Workgroup Membership of a Windows Server 2003 System : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 20 Activity 1-2: Determining the Domain or Workgroup Membership of a Windows Server 2003 System Objective is to determine the domain or workgroup membership of a system Start  My Computer  Properties  Computer Name tab Displays computer name and domain Change  OK

Computer Accounts : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 21 Computer Accounts Assigned in Windows NT, 2000, XP, and 2003 Assigned when joining a domain Method for authentication Accounts are represented as computer objects Accounts can be viewed using administrative tools e.g., Active Directory Users and Computers

Activity 1-3: Viewing and Configuring Computer Account Settings in Active Directory Users and Computers : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 22 Activity 1-3: Viewing and Configuring Computer Account Settings in Active Directory Users and Computers Objective is to use the Users and Computers tool to view and configure account settings/properties Start  Administrative Tools  Active Directory Users and Computers Follow these directions to view and configure various account settings

Using Active Directory Users and Computers to View a Computer Object : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 23 Using Active Directory Users and Computers to View a Computer Object

Network Management and Maintenance Overview : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 24 Network Management and Maintenance Overview Five major focus areas of administrative tasks Managing and maintaining devices Managing users, computers, and groups Managing and maintaining access to resources Managing and maintaining a server environment Managing and implementing disaster recovery

Managing and Maintaining Physical and Logical Devices : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 25 Managing and Maintaining Physical and Logical Devices Network administrator responsibilities include: Installing and configuring hardware devices Managing server disks Monitoring and managing performance Tools include Control panel applets Device Manager Disk Defragmenter

Managing Users, Computers, and Groups : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 26 Managing Users, Computers, and Groups User accounts Creation, maintenance, passwords Group accounts Assign network rights and permissions to multiple users Support e-mail distribution lists Computer accounts Active Directory tools and utilities used to create and maintain computer accounts

Activity 1-4: Resetting a Domain User Account Password Using Active Directory Users and Computers : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 27 Activity 1-4: Resetting a Domain User Account Password Using Active Directory Users and Computers Objective is to reset a user password Force user to change password at next log-in Start  Administrative Tools  Active Directory Users and Computers  Users Follow directions to complete exercise

The Reset Password Dialog Box in Active Directory Users and Computers : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 28 The Reset Password Dialog Box in Active Directory Users and Computers

Managing and Maintaining Access to Resources : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 29 Managing and Maintaining Access to Resources Server 2003 uses sharing technique Sharing setup Through Computer Management administrative tool Shared folder and NTFS permissions Terminal services Allows access to applications through a central server Allows access from desktops running different operating systems

Managing and Maintaining a Server Environment : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 30 Managing and Maintaining a Server Environment Covers a wide variety of tasks including: Managing server licensing Managing software updates Managing Web servers Managing printers, print queues, disk quotas A wide variety of tools are available including: System Monitor Software Update Services Microsoft Management Console

Managing and Implementing Disaster Recovery : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 31 Managing and Implementing Disaster Recovery Main component of disaster recovery is system backup Backup tool provided is Windows Backup Different types of backup Automated scheduling of backups Back up critical system state information Automated system Recovery

Introduction to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 32 Introduction to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory Provides the following services Central point for storing and managing network objects Central point for administration of objects and resources Logon and authentication services

Introduction to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory Continued : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 33 Introduction to Windows Server 2003 Active Directory Continued Stored on domain controllers in the network Changes made to any Active Directory will be replicated across all domain controllers Uses Domain Name Service (DNS) conventions for network resources

Active Directory Objects : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 34 Active Directory Objects An object represents a network resource such as a user, group, computer, or printer Objects have attributes depending on object type

Active Directory Logical Structure and Components : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 35 Active Directory Logical Structure and Components Active Directory includes components that: Enable design and administration of a network structure Logical Hierarchical Components include: Domains and organizational units Trees and forests

Domains and Organizational Units : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 36 Domains and Organizational Units Domain Has a unique name Has an Active Directory replicated across its domain controllers Organizational unit (OU) A logical container used to organize domain objects Makes it easy to locate and manage objects Allows you to apply Group Policy settings Allows delegation of administrative control

An Active Directory Domain and OU Structure : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 37 An Active Directory Domain and OU Structure

Trees and Forests : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 38 Trees and Forests Sometimes necessary to create multiple domains within an organization First Active Directory domain is the forest root domain A tree is a hierarchical collection of domains that share a contiguous DNS naming structure A forest is a collection of trees that do not share a contiguous DNS naming structure

An Active Directory Forest : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 39 An Active Directory Forest

Active Directory Communications Standards : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 40 Active Directory Communications Standards The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is used to query or update Active Directory database directly

Active Directory Physical Structure : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 41 Active Directory Physical Structure Physical structure distinct from logical structure Important to consider the effect of Active Directory traffic and authentication requests on physical resources A site is a combination of 1+ Internet Protocol (IP) subnets connected by a high-speed connection A site link is a configurable object that represents a connection between sites

Summary : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 42 Summary Windows Server 2003 network administration goals: Make network resources available to users as permitted Secure the network from unauthorized access Four editions of Windows Server 2003 with different features and costs Two network security models with three possible server roles

Summary (continued) : 

Guide to MCSE 70-290, Enhanced 43 Summary (continued) Five broad categories of network administration tasks in a Windows Server 2003 environment Native directory service is Active Directory Objects and schema Domains, organizational units and controllers Trees and forests Sites and site links

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